49-52 Flashcards Preview

Family Medicine > 49-52 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 49-52 Deck (26):
1

Papulovesicular eruption down one leg that is mildly painful in a child

Herpes zoster dermatitis

2

Best tx for DUB in females still wanting to later have children

A levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device

3

Most effective tx for chronic rhinitis

Intranasal corticosteroids

4

Compression stockings after DVT prevent

Post-thrombotic syndrome (pain, swelling, and skin changes of affected limb)

5

Dose of dexamethasone needed to treat croup

Only a single dose

6

Stroke prevent in pt's with a hx of a-fb that converted with no other risk factors

Just aspirin (CHADS of 0)

7

Two serum proteins decreased in sepsis

Albumin and transferrin

8

Tx for mental symptoms of PMS

spironolactone

9

What should not be performed if a globe rupture is suspected? Med you could give?

Tonometry (risk of extruding intraocular fluid)
You could give an anti-emetic, as vomiting could increase intraocular pressure)

10

Initial tests when suspecting preeclampsia

Laboratory evaluation (cbc, LFTs), fetal testing, and 24-hour urine for total protein

11

Where do you inject insulin to prevent hypoglycemia in athletes

Non-exercised spots, like abdomen

12

Why are all oral hypoglycemics dangerous in pregnancy

They all cross the placenta (insulin doesn't) and can cause fetal hypoglycemia

13

Where is coin healing practiced

Southeast asia

14

Tx if inhaled B2 agonist doest work in acute asthma exacerbation

Oral steroids

15

Pheo-like symptoms in a fat kid

Panic disorder

16

Med that can reduce contrast nephropathy

Isotonic bicarbonate

17

What is urge incontinence

when you feel like you have to go but can't hold it long enough to make it to a bathroom

18

Test for CP with a low probability of PE

D-dimer

19

Best test for congenital long QT syndrome? Tx?

Resting EKG
B-blockers, AICD, no participation in sports

20

Antipsychotic that doesn't cause weight gain

Apripazole (least of the atypical antipsychotics)

21

T score for osteoporosis

-2.5

22

Current exercise regimen in healthy adults

30 min moderate-intensity exercise 5x a week

23

2 most common causes of hypercalcemia

Primary hyperparathyroidism
Malignancy

24

mainstay of dyspnea tx in hospice patients in absence of hypoxia

Morphine

25

Tx for diverticulitis if allergic to metronidazole

amoxicillin/clavulanate

26

Common cause of elderly pooping themselves

Overflow incontenence