25-28 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 25-28 Deck (24):
1

Most common risk factor for frozen shoulder

DM

2

GI differences b/w women and men

Women have slower transit times and usually secrete less gastric acid

3

Are inhaled steroids helpful in acute COPD exacerbation

Nope

4

"flea bitten" rash on newborns

Erythema toxicum neonatorum

5

Target glucose level in critically ill patients

140–180

6

Dual antiplatelet therapy for drug eluding stents for how long

1 year

7

Tx for intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy

Ursodiol
*itching during pregnancy that starts on palms and soles and spreads to the rest of the body*

8

Ab class for pertussis

Macrolides
*only reduces infectivity of disease*

9

Tarsal coalition features

Tarsals fuse, bilateral ankle pain that is worse on inversion

10

Antidepressant least likely to cause weight gain

Bupropion

11

Bacterial infection that causes a very high number of lymphocytes

B. pertussis

12

Why are NSAIDs contra in cirrhotic pt's

Increased risk of bleeding

13

NSAIDs that are safe for lactating women

Ibuprofen, indomethacin, and naproxen

14

Test to diagnose psychogenic, non-epileptic seizures

video-electroencephalography (vEEG) monitoring

15

Ulcers in posterior pharynx of a child

Herpangina

16

Ab that can be used for rosacea, especially when there is ocular involvement

metronidazole, doxycycline, or tetracycline

17

Diseases virtually diagnostic of sexual abuse

Gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphillis, HIV

18

What predicts a low probability of recovery after CPR

Myoclonic status epilepticus at 24 hours
*reflexes not reliable until 72 hours*

19

Parathyroid hormone way up with increased urinary Ca excretion likely

Primary hyperparathyroidism

20

Best drug for sustained V-tach

Amioderone

21

Initial treatment for vertebral compression fracture

Markedly decreased activity until the pain lessens, and follow-up in 1 week

22

First line treatment of symptomatic osteoarthritis

NSAIDs (acetaminophen)

23

what diagnosis should be considered in patients diagnosed with exercise-induced asthma who do not have a good response to β-agonists before exercise

Vocal chord dysfunction (look for inspiratory issues)

24

Symptoms of a medial ankle sprain for longer than 1 month, look for?

tendinopathy (cast or boot it to avoid future tendon rupture)