05-08 Flashcards Preview

Family Medicine > 05-08 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 05-08 Deck (32):
1

Anti-pseudomonal cephalosporins

cefepime or ceftazidime

2

HCAP drug regimen

Anti-pseudomonal cephalosporin + quinalone + anti-MRSA

3

Only SSRI that is teratogenic

Paroxetine

4

Painful abdomen in infants that gets better in between episodes

Intusseception

5

Intestinal malrotation presents as

usually presents within the first 4 weeks of life and is characterized by bilious vomiting

6

What is Teriparatide for

Severe osteoporosis

7

Dysuria with culture neg and no relief with Ab likely?

Chlamydia

8

Most common cause of falls in elderly

gait and balance disturbances
*get up and go test for gait and balance*

9

When should antivirals for flu be initiated

high suspicion with increased risk or within 48 of high suspicion for otherwise healthy

10

Asprin ages in men and women

45-79 in men
55-79 in women
*insufficient evidence over 80*

11

What asthma drug should not be used as a mono-agent

Long acting B2-agonists

12

Rash and lots of eosinophils in a newborn

Erythema toxicum neonatorum

13

Folic acid and low dose aspirin in diabetics?

Hell yeah
Just no NSAIDs

14

Primary tx for symptomatic MVP

B-blockers

15

Tx for altitude sickness in those with a sulfa allergy

dexamethasone

16

Most common drugs to cause acute interstitial nephritis

Antibiotics, especially penicillins, cephalosporins, and sulfonamides

17

Horse chestnut seed extract can treat

Varicose veins

18

Breastfeeding absolutely contra in

Herpes simplex lesions on breast

19

MCC of erythema multiform

HSV

20

When do you drain/splint pyogenic tenosynovitis

drain after 48 hours

21

What seafood poisoning requires more than just supportive treatment

Scombroid poisoning - treat the same way you would treat anaphylaxis

22

POTS tx

encouraging adequate fluid and salt intake, followed by the initiation of regular aerobic exercise combined with lower-extremity strength training, and then the use of β-blockers.

23

Subclinical hypothyroidism defined as

Slightly elevated TSH and normal levels of T4
*inc cardiovascular risk but tx with thyroid hormone won't help that*

24

What kind of tinia in children always requires systemic anti fungal therapy

Tinia capitis

25

PPI AE

Decreased b12 absorption
Increased rate of fractures
Increased rate of c-diff

26

What age to worry about bleeding in females

Over 35

27

Symptoms of acute HF

rales, jugular venous distention, hepatojugular reflux, hypotension, and angina

28

Drug combo to reduce risk of stroke in HTN

ACEi/diuretic

29

2 best topical tx for psoriasis

1. High dose steroids (less AE)
2. Vit D analoge (a little better)

30

Additional agent to add if single agent isn't helping depression

Lithium

31

Test for proteinuria with unknown etiology

spot morning urine protein/creatinine ratio

32

Acute cervical radiculopathy with normal x-ray tx

NSAIDs
*MRI if there are red flags like fever or myelopathy*