Flashcards in 1/13/2016 Spinal Questions Deck (21):
What joint classifications are present for the coccyx?
Cartilaginous (Amphiarthrosis) symphysis and fibrous (amphiarthrosis) Syndesmosis
What forms the posterior boundary for the first coccygeal spinal nerve intervertebral foramen?
Sacral Cornu, coccygeal Cornu, superficial posterior sacrococcygeal ligament, intercornual ligament
What forms the anterior boundary for the first coccygeal spinal nerve intervertebral foramen?
Vertebral body S5, vertebral Co1, deep posterior sacrococcygeal ligament, intervertebral disc
Superior articular facets of which vertebrae will be oriented backward, upward, and medial?
C1, C3-C7, L1-L5, S1
Superior articular facets of which segments will be oriented backward, upward, and lateral?
Inferior articular facets of which segments will be oriented forward, lateral, and downward?
C2-C6, T12, L1-L5
Inferior articular facets of which segments will be oriented forward, medial, and downward?
Which segment has the only inferior articular facet to face backward?
What directions will all superior articular facets face?
Backward and upward
Which segments will have facets that are specifically shaped as "concave"?
C1, L1-L5, S1 superior articular facets
Which segments will have facets that are specifically shaped as "convex"?
T12, L1-L5 inferior articular facets
What is the definition of spondylosis?
A vertebral condition
What is the definition of spondylolysis?
A vertebral separation of vertebral cleavage
What is the definition of spondylolisthesis?
A vertebral slippage
What is the current limited definition of spondylosis?
A vertebral condition that is acquired or age-related
What is the location of spondylolysis that will be stressed in Spinal II?
A separation along the pars interarticularis (defect in the pars interarticularis or pars defect)
What is the incidence of spondylolysis in the general population?
A range of 2.6% to 10%
What is the geographic or ethnic bias for a higher incidence of spondylolysis?
The native Alaskan (Inuit) population
What does lumbar spondylolysis appear to be related to?
The uniquely human upright stance or erect posture
What is the gender bias and locational base associated with lumbar spondylolysis?
Men at L5/S1; women at L4/L5