1/7/2016 Spinal Questions Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Test 2 Quiz Questions > 1/7/2016 Spinal Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1/7/2016 Spinal Questions Deck (27):
1

A Styloid process occurs with what frequency and as a result of what condition?

7% occurrence as a result of congenital elongation of the lumbar accessory process

2

What ligament(s) will attach to the lumbar accessory process?

Mammillo-accessory ligament

3

What parts of a vertebra are attached via the mammillo-accessory ligament?

The mammillary process and accessory process of the same segment

4

What was believed to be entrapped by the mammillo-accessory ligament?

The medial branch of the dorsal Ramus of a lumbar spinal nerve

5

What muscle(s) attach to the lumbar accessory process?

Longissimus Thoracis and intertransversarii

6

What muscles may attach to the transverse process of a typical lumbar vertebra?

Psoas major, Quadratus Lumborum, Longissimus Thoracis, rotator brevis, rotator Longus, and intertransversarii

7

What ligaments attach to the transverse process of a typical lumbar vertebra?

The lumbocostal, mammillo-accessory and intertransverse ligaments

8

What joint classifications are present at the transverse process of a typical lumbar?

Fibrous (Amphiarthrosis) Syndesmosis

9

What are the posterior elements of the vertebra?

Zygapophysis, lamina and spinous process

10

What are the anterior elements of the vertebra?

Vertebral body and pedicle?

11

What is the orientation of the typical lumbar superior articular facet?

Backward, upward, medial (BUM); typically concave

12

What is the orientation of the typical lumbar inferior articular facet?

Forward, lateral, downward (FoLD); significant Convexity

13

What muscle(s) will attach to the mammillary process?

Multifidis and intertransversarii

14

What ligament will attach to the lumbar superior articular process and transverse process?

Mammillo-accessory ligament

15

What was believed to be entrapped by the mammillo-accessory ligament?

The medial branch of the dorsal Ramus of a lumbar spinal nerve

16

What additional ligaments are said to attach to lumbar articular processes?

Transforaminal ligaments

17

What is the joint classification for the typical lumbar zygapophysis?

Synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia)

18

How many synovial joints are present on the typical lumbar vertebra?

Four

19

What is the position of the lumbar zygapophysis in children?

The zygapophysis lies in the coronal plane

20

What is the position of the lumbar zygapophysis in children?

The zygapophysis lies in the coronal plane

21

What is the position of the lumbar zygapophysis in adults?

The zygapophysis lies in the Sagittal plane for L1/L2, L2/L3 and L3/L4
The zygapophysis lies in the coronal plane for L4/L5 and L5/S1

22

What name is given to zygapophyses between vertebral couples that lie in the same plane?

Joint symmetry

23

What names are given to the condition in which one zygapophysis of a vertebral couple lies in the coronal plane or position and the other zygapophysis lies in the Sagittal plane or position?

Joint asymmetry or joint tropism

24

Define or describe joint tropism

The condition in which one zygapophysis of a vertebral couple lies in the coronal plane or position and the other zygapophysis lies in the Sagittal plane or position

25

What is the name(s) of the condition in which the typical lumbar spinous process increases in length due to the aging process?

Baastrup's syndrome or "kissing spines"

26

What muscles will attach to the typical lumbar spinous process?

Latissimus Dorsi, Serratus posterior inferior, Iliocostalis Lumborum, Longissimus Thoracis, Spinalis Thoracis, multifidis, rotator Longus, rotator brevis and interspinalis

27

What is the name of the elevation near the origin of the lumbar transverse process?

Accessory process