12/10/2015 Spinal Questions Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Test 2 Quiz Questions > 12/10/2015 Spinal Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in 12/10/2015 Spinal Questions Deck (26):
1

What ligament forms the anterior boundary for the spinal canal above C2?

Membrana tectoria

2

What ligament forms the anterior boundary for the spinal canal below C2?

Posterior longitudinal ligament

3

What lies on the upper surface of the pedicle of C2?

The superior articular process

4

What is the location of the superior vertebral notch of C2?

On the lamina-pedicle junction

5

What attaches to the lamina of C2?

Obliquus capitis inferior muscle, posterior atlanto-axial ligament, ligamentum flavum

6

What muscle attaches to the lamina of C2?

Obliquus capitis inferior

7

What is the facet orientation of the superior articular facet of C2?

BUL
Backward, upward, lateral

8

What is the orientation of the inferior articular facets of C2?

FoLD
Forward, lateral, down

9

What muscle attaches to the articular processes of C2?

Longissimus cervicis

10

What osseous parts of the typical cervical transverse process are present at C2?

Costal element, posterior tubercle, and true transverse process

11

What is the gender variation for the transverse diameter of C2?

Males: 57 mm
Females: about 50mm

12

What muscles attache to the transverse process of C2?

Levator scapulae, middle scalene, splenius cervicis, longissimus cervicis, and intertransversarii

13

What is the characteristic appearance of the C2 spinous process in humans?

Bifid

14

What muscles attache to the spinous process of C2?

Rectus capitis posterior major, obliquus capitis inferior, spinalis cervicis, semispinalis cervicis, multifidis, rotators and interspinalis muscles

15

What names may be given to C7?

Vertebra prominens and vertebral prominence

16

What is the name given to the topographical elevation observed at the base of the neck?

Vertebral prominence

17

What name is given only to C7?

Vertebra prominens

18

What is the segment and gender bias for the vertebrae other than C7 becoming the vertebral prominence?

C6 is more common in females and T1 is more common in males

19

What joint surfaces are present at the superior margin of the vertebral body of C7?

Anterior groove, posterior groove, right and left uncinate processes, cancellous bone

20

What joint surfaces are present at the inferior margin of the vertebral body of C7?

The anterior and posterior margins of the inferior epiphyseal rim, cancellous bone

21

How many joint classifications are observed at the vertebral body of C7?

Fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis, cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis and modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar) joint

22

How many synovial joint surfaces are observed at the vertebral body of C7?

Two

23

What muscle(s) attaches to the vertebral body of C7?

Longus colli muscle

24

What features are typically present in the transverse foramen of C7?

Vertebral venous plexus, postganglioinic sympathetic motor fibers

25

What muscles attach to the transverse process of C7?

Middle scalene, Iliocostalis thoracis, longissimus cervicis, semispinalis capitis, rotators, intertransversarii and levator costarum brevis

26

What ligaments will attach posteriorly, to the inferior epiphyseal rim of C2?

Membrana tectoria and posterior longitudinal ligament