1- Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1- Anatomy Deck (50)
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1

How many bones are in the foot?

26 (not including the sesamoids)

2

How many joints are in the foot?

35

3

Where is the os vesalinium found?

proximal 5th met base

4

where is os tibiale externum found?

accessory navicular

5

where is os intermetatarsium found?

btwn medial cuneiform and bases of 1st and 2nd mets

6

where is os supranaviculare found?

dorsal aspect of navicular

7

where is os peroneum found?

sesamoid bone in PB tendon at cuboid

8

what attaches periosteum to bone?

sharpey's fibers

9

what are the different types of coalitions?

synostosis- osseous
synochondrosis- cartilaginous
syndesmosis- fibrous

10

Name the AVN of navicular.

Kohler's disease
(*you navigate thru Kohl's)

11

Name the AVN of the talus.

Diaz

12

Name the AVN of the cuneiforms.

Buschke

13

What is blount's disease?

AVN of the proximal, medial tibial epiphysis

14

What is the difference between a coalition and a bar?

coalition (bridge)- is an intra-articular fusion of two bones that normally articulate

bar- extra-articular fusion of bones that do NOT normally articulate

15

what is teh most common coalition in the foot?

distal and middle phalanx of 5th digit

16

what is the most common coalition in the rearfoot?

talocalcaneal (middle facet)

17

what is a Steida process?

enlarged os trigonum

18

what is the only bone in the foot without any muscle origin or tendon insertion?

talus

19

what deformity will result from cutting teh QP?

adductovarus deformity of digits 4 and 5

20

what is the O/I of extensor hallucis capsularis?

O- EHL muscle/tendon
I-1st MPJ capsule

21

what are teh plantar muscle layers of the foot from superficial to deep?

1. ABH, FDB, ABDM
2. QP, lumbricals; FDL tendon
3. FHB, ADH, FDMB
4. plantar interossei, dorsal interossei

22

what angle do teh ATFL and CFL create?

105 deg

23

what tendons pass over the lateral ankle ligaments?

PB and PL

24

what is teh Master Knot of Henry?

fibrous connection btwn the FHL and FDL tendons

25

Are the sesamoids intra-capsular or extra-capsular?

intra-capsular

26

what is teh Lisfranc ligament?

attaches lateral aspect of medial cuneiform to medial base of 2nd met

27

what structures in the Lisfranc joint are NOT connected by ligaments?

1st and 2nd mets

28

what is the spring ligament aka?

plantar calcaneonavicular ligament

29

what ligaments compose the bifurcate ligament/

dorsal calcaneonavicular
calcaneocuboid ligamenets

30

whcih is stronger? the lateral ankle ligaments or the deltoid ligament?

deltoid ligament