9-Trauma Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 9-Trauma Deck (60)
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1

What does the primary survey of a trauma patient consist of?

ABCDE
Airway
Breathing
Circulation
Disability- assess neurologic status
Exposure of patient and environmental control

2

What should always be asked with a break in the skin?

tetanus status

3

What is a clinical test for a fracture?

point tenderness over a fracture site

4

Name the appropriate classification for: distal phalangeal/nail

Rosenthal

5

Name the appropriate classification for: 1st Metatarsophalangeal

Jahss

6

Name the appropriate classification for: 5th met base

Stewart

7

Name the appropriate classification for: Lisfranc joint

Quenu & Kuss, Hardcastle

8

Name the appropriate classification for: navicular

Watson-Jones

9

Name the appropriate classification for: posterior tibial tendon

Conti (based on MRI findings)

10

Name the appropriate classification for: talar neck

Hawkins

11

Name the appropriate classification for: talar body

Sneppen

12

Name the appropriate classification for: talar dome

Berndt & Hardy, Fallot & Wy

13

Name the appropriate classification for: calcaneus

Rowe
Essex-Lopresti
Sanders

14

Name the appropriate classification for: anterior process of calcaneal fx

Degan

15

Name the appropriate classification for: ankle sprains

O'Donoghue, Leach, Rasmussen

16

Name the appropriate classification for: physeal ankle fx

Dias & Tachdijan

17

Name the appropriate classification for: pediatric physeal injuries

Salter-harris

18

Name the appropriate classification for: ankle fx

Lauge-Hansen, Danis-Weber

19

Name the appropriate classification for: Pilon fx (distal tibial metaphysis)

Ruedi & Allgower, Dias &Tachdjian

20

Name the appropriate classification for: Achilles rupture

Kuwada

21

Name the appropriate classification for: open fx

Gustillo

22

Name the appropriate classification for: non-unions

Weber & Cech

23

Name the appropriate classification for: frostbite

Orr & Fainer, Washburn

24

Which is the most stable fx pattern?

transverse

25

what is the Vassal principle?

internal fixation of the primary fracture will assist in stabilization of the secondary fx

26

What are possible complciations of fx?

delayed union
non-union
pseudoarthrosis
osteoarthritis
AVN

27

what is the most common cause of non-healing for a bone fx?

improper immobilization

28

are dorsal or plantar Lisfranc dislocations more common?

dorsal- the plantar ligaments are stronger than dorsal

29

what are the ottawa ankle rules for obtaining ankle films?

inability to bear weight both immediately and in ED
bony tenderness at posterior edge or distal 6cm of lateral malleolus
bony tenderness at posterior edge or distal 6 cm of medial malleolus

30

what are the ottawa ankle rules for obtaining foot films?

inability to bear weight both immediatey and in the ED
bony tenderness at base of 5th met
bony tenderness at navicular