2-Antibiotics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2-Antibiotics Deck (38)
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1

What should you always consider before starting abx?

-most likely infecting organism?
-gram stain and C&S?
-allergies?
-kidney function
-drug interactions

2

what is Augmentin?

amoxicillin/clavulanic acid

3

what is Zosyn?

piperacillin/tazobactam

4

what is Unasyn?

ampicillin/sulbactam

5

what is Timentin?

ticarcillin/clavulanic acid

6

what is Zyvox?

linezolid

7

what is Invanz?

ertapenem

8

what is Cubicin?

daptomycin

9

what is Tygacil?

tigecycline

10

what is Bactrim?

TMP/SMX

11

what is Rocephin?

Ceftriaxone

12

what is Avelox?

moxifloxacin

13

what is Zithromax?

azithromycin

14

what is Primaxim?

imipenem/cilastatin

15

what is Synercid?

dalfopristin-quinipristin

16

what is Cleocin?

clindamycin

17

what is Flagyl?

metronidazole

18

what is the dosage for Augmentin?

(amoxicillin/clavulanic acid)
500mg or 875mg PO BID

19

how much clavulanic acid is in Augmentin 500mg? 875mg?

both have 125mg

20

what is the indication for Augmentin?

PO abx for outpatient tx of polymicrobial infection

21

what is the spectrum of activity of Augmentin?

Staph (not MRSA), Strep, Enterecocci, Gram (-), anaerobes
but NOT pseudomonas aeruginosa

22

what is the dosage for Zosyn?

(piperacillin/tazobactam)
3.375g IV q6h
*renal dose- 2.25g IV q6h

23

what is the indication for Zosyn?

approved for use in adults for the treatment of moderate to severe diabetic foot infections

24

what is the spectrum of coverage for Zosyn?

Staph (not MRSA), Strep, Enterococci, Gram (-), anaerobes,
YES to pseudomonas

25

what is the dosage for Unasyn?

(ampicillin/sulbactam)
3.0g IV q6h
renal dose- 1.5g IV q6h

26

what is the indication for Unasyn?

empiric therapy for polymicrobial diabetic foot infections

27

what is the spectrum of activity of Unasyn?

Staph (not MRSA), Strep, Enterococci, Gram (-), anaerobes,
NO pseudomonas

28

what is an alternative abx for a patient with a penicillin allergy if you originally wanted to use Unasyn?

Clindamycin/Cipro
Levaquin
etc.

29

What is the dosage for Timentin?

(ticarcillin/clavulanic acid)
3.1g IV q4-6hr

30

what is the indication for Timentin?

broad spectrum abx for polymicrobial infections