6-Clinical Podiatry Flashcards Preview

Crozer Keystone Residency Manual > 6-Clinical Podiatry > Flashcards

Flashcards in 6-Clinical Podiatry Deck (25)
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1

for a nail avulsion, what can be done for anesthesia if the patient is allergic to all local anestehtics?

saline block (pressure induced block)
pressure cuff
benadryl block (blocks histamine release)

2

How does Lamisil work?

inhibits ergosterol synthesis

3

what are some iatrogenic causes of hallux varus?

overcorrection of IMA
staking the head (excessive resection of medial eminence)
fibular sesamoidectomy
overaggressive capsulorrhapy
bandating too far into varus

4

what are some congenital causes of hallux varus?

clubfoot
metatarsus adductus

5

what are some traumatic causes of hallux varus?

MPJ dislocation
fracture

6

what is "staking of the head"?

excessive resection of the 1st met head with cutting into the sagittal groove that may lead to hallux varus

7

what radiographic angles are used to evaluate a haglund's deformity?

parallel pitch lines
fowler and philip
total angle

8

What is the Sullivan sign?

separation of digits caused by a mass within the interspace

9

what are the stages of Raynauds phenomenon?

white --> blue --> red
pallor- spasm of digital arteries
cyanosis- deoxygenation of blood pools
rubor- hyperemia

10

for a segmental pressure, a drop in how many mmHg indicates diseased vessel above?

drop btwn segments >30mmHg indicate disease in vessel above

11

what is the most common type of skin cancer?

basal cell carcinoma- found on sun-exposed parts of the body

12

what skin cancer may appear cauliflower like?

squamous cell CA- found on sun-exposed parts of the body

13

what is teh most common type of melanoma?

superficial spreading melanoma- found on any part of teh body

14

what is the most malignant type of melanoma?

nodular melanoma

15

what is the most benign type of melanoma?

lentigo melanoma- typically found on back, arms, neck, scalp

16

what derm condition is found on the palms, soles, and nail beds?

acral lentiginous melanoma

17

what is a hutchinson sign?

pigment changes in the eponchium seen with subungual melanoma

18

what is the most common vascular proliferation?

hemangioma

19

what conditions may be associated with plantar fibromatosis?

Ledderhose disease
dupuytren contracture
peyronie disease

20

what is another name for vertical talus?

congenital convex pes valgus

21

what are radiographic findings of congenital convex pes valgus (vertical talus)?

calcaneus in equinus, plantarflexed talus, dorsally dislocated navicular, increased talo-calc angle

22

what is the age of fusion for talocalcaneal coalition?

12-16 years

23

what is the age of fusion for talonavicular coalition?

3-5 years

24

what is teh age of fusion for calcaneonavicular coalition?

8-12 years

25

what are the 3 components of clubfoot?

FF adductus
RF varus
ankle equinus