What does varicosed mean?
Dilation of a venous structure
Which parts of the large intestine are retroperitoneal?
Which parts of the large intestine are intraperitoneal?
What are the spaces between the lateral walls of the colon and the abdominal wall?
What may collect in the paracolic gutters of supine patients with infection?
What spaces allow pus to travel from the lower abdominal cavity to higher parts?
Which space is found lateral to the wall of the ascending colon?
Right paracolic gutter
What space is found lateral to the wall of the descending colon?
Left paracolic gutter
What are the small, fatty projections which come off the colon?
What are the three longitudinal bands of muscle which run in the muscularis externa of the colon?
What are the pouches formed by tonic contractions of the teniae coli, which serve to increase the surface area for absorption by the colon?
1. Three bands of longitudinal muscle found in the colon
2. Pouches found in the colon which increase surface area for absorption
3. Fatty projections from the walls of the colon
1. Teniae coli
3. Omental appendices
Haustra are formed by the contractions of the ___ ___.
Where in the abdomen are the caecum and appendix found?
Right iliac fossa
The appendix projects from which part of the colon?
The position of the appendix can ___.
The appendix is usually (anterior / posterior) to the caecum.
What is the passage between the distal ileum and the caecum?
What is the passage between the caecum and the appendix?
Which point on the abdominal wall corresponds to the appendiceal orifice?
Where exactly is this?
1/3rd of the distance between the ASIS and the umbilicus
Where, theoretically, is the majority of pain associated with appendicitis felt?
1/3rd of the distance between the right ASIS and the umbilicus
Where in the abdomen is the sigmoid colon found?
Left iliac fossa
What is the long mesentery attached to the sigmoid colon?
What name is given to the twisting of the sigmoid colon around itself?
What are the consequences of sigmoid volvulus?
Ischaemia ⇒ Infarction
Where does the abdominal aorta pierce the diaphragm?
Name the midline abdominal aortic branches found at T12, L1 and L3.
T12 - coeliac trunk
L1 - superior mesenteric artery
L3 - inferior mesenteric artery
Name the lateral abdominal aortic branches found at L1, L2 and those found between L1-L4.
L1 - renal artery
L2 - gonadal artery
L1-L4 - lumbar arteries
Where does the abdominal aorta bifurcate?
What does it bifurcate into?
Right and left common iliac arteries
The superior mesenteric artery arises (anterior / posterior) to the neck of the pancreas.