10.2. Fractures - Dislocations Flashcards Preview

3rd Year - MSK Diseases > 10.2. Fractures - Dislocations > Flashcards

Flashcards in 10.2. Fractures - Dislocations Deck (12):
1

What is the definition of Dislocation?

Complete Joint Disruption

2

What is the definition of Subluxation?

Partial Dislocation - Not fully out of the Joint

3

How is a Diagnosis or Dislocation / Subluxation made?

1. Clinical / Radiological Diagnosis
2. Associated Injuries:
2. a) Soft Tissue / Musculoskeletal / Multi-System
2. b) Neurovascular Damage

4

What is the treatment of Dislocations?

1. Emergency treatment
- Relocation
2. Surgery

5

What are the most common Dislocations?

1. Shoulder
2. Elbow
3. Hip
4. Knee
5. Ankle
6. Subtalar Joint

6

What are the most common direction of a Shoulder Dislocation? And how do they present?

1. Anterior - Squared Off
2. Posterior - Locked in Internal Rotation

7

What is the direction of a Elbow Dislocation? And how does it present?

Posterior - Olecranon Prominent Posteriorly

8

What is the direction of a Hip Dislocation? And how does it present?

Posterior:
1. Leg Shorter than the other
2. Flexed
3. Internally Rotated
4. Adducted

9

What is the direction of a Knee Dislocation? And how does it present?

Anteroposteriorly:
1. Loss of Normal Contour
2. Extended

10

What is the direction of a Ankle Dislocation? And how does it present?

Laterally:
1. Externally Rotated
2. Prominent Medial Malleolus

11

What is the direction of a Subtalar Joint Dislocation? And how does it present?

Laterally: Lateral Displacement of the Os Calcis (Heel Bone)

12

What prodecures are used to diagnose a Dislocation . Subluxation?

1. Clinical Examination
2. X-Ray

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