10.30: Renal Review II Flashcards Preview

MHD V: Renal > 10.30: Renal Review II > Flashcards

Flashcards in 10.30: Renal Review II Deck (13):
1

3 partes of UA?

"Urine analysis"
1. Appearance
2. Dipstick
3. Microscopy

2

What to do if positive protein dipstick?

Should be quantified

3

What to do if dipstick negative?

Microscopy

4

What does high urine PH in face of metabolic acidosis mean?

- Renal tubular acidosis
- Tubules are having problems excreting acid

5

What is very high urine PH indicative of?

Proteus

6

What is specific gravity?

- Weight of urine relative to distilled water
- Reflects number and SIZE of particles in urine

7

What does positive stick test for blood indicated?

- Heme is present: not necessarily RBC
- Could be hemoglobin or myoglobin

8

What is urobilinogen in urine indicative of?

Liver failure

9

What is bilirubin w/o urobilinogen indicative of?

Biliary obstruction

10

What is leukocyte esterase in dipstick indicative of?

UTi or inflammation

11

What does nitrite in urine indicated?

Bacterial infection: UTI

12

When is microscopic exam needed?

If dipstick is positive

13

What are red cell casts indicative of?

Acute glomerulonephritis