10b Michell Conceptual analysis and behaviour notes Flashcards Preview

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1

What is the ideology of empiricism?

That all knowledge derives from observation.

2

What is the ideology of scientism?

The idea that measurement and experiment are the scientific methods of observation – and are all that is required for scientific progress.

3

In what way did Descartes dualism delay psychology?

By suggesting that the mind was a separate entity that did not obey physical laws.

4

What are the two kinds of criticism that scientific ideas can be subjected to?

Logical – conceptual
Empirical – observational

5

In order for a suggestion to be genuinely scientific, what must it do?

It must propose a workable causal mechanism. Anything which could not possibly be a real mechanism or which proposes processes beyond our understanding is not a genuine scientific suggestion.

6

In what way is Creationism not a genuine scientific suggestion?

It suggests no workable mechanism whereby a divine being who transcends space and time created the various species that exist within space and time.

7

Logical criticism considers the _______ of concepts, the _________ of propositions and the ________ _________ of systems of propositions.

Logical criticism considers the clarity of concepts, the intelligibility of propositions and the mutual coherence of systems of propositions.

8

What is the aim of empirical appraisal?

To investigate whether the possible, proposed mechanism under consideration is the actual one at work in the system involved.

9

Is the experimental method suitable to all sciences?

No, there are many in which it is not suitable – astronomy, geology. Those sciences where there is little control over the causal mechanism of the system.