12. Analysis, Italian Terms and Signs Flashcards Preview

AGW Music Theory - Intermediate > 12. Analysis, Italian Terms and Signs > Flashcards

Flashcards in 12. Analysis, Italian Terms and Signs Deck (203):
1

What does accelerando mean?

Becoming quicker.

2

When counting the number of measures in a piece - what is the effect of a repeat sign?

A repeat sign will not affect the number of measures.

3

When all repeat signs are observed, how many measures of music are played?

Double the measures between the repeat signs.

4

What are the steps in naming the key of a melody?

Look at the Key Signature.
Check for the raised 7th note of the harmonic minor key to determine if the key is major or minor.
Check the last note of the piece - the piece will often end on the Tonic.

5

What are the steps for determining the Time Signature?

Look for the easiest measure.
Write the time signature in both clefts.

6

What are the steps when identifying triads?

Place the notes in root position - all lines or all spaces.
The bottom note names the root.

7

What are the two methods of writing triads?

Broken or solid.

8

What are the steps in determining whether a triad is Major or minor?

Write the triad in root position.
The bottom note names the key.
If the root to the 3rd is a Major third, the triad is Major.
If the root to the 3rd is a minor third, the triad is minor.

9

What are the steps in naming the position of a chord?

First place the chord in root position.
- if the notes are all lines or all spaces, it is in root position
- if the bottom note is the 3rd, it is in first inversion.
- if the bottom note is the 5th, it is in second inversion.

10

What are the steps in identifying intervals?

Count all the lines and all the spaces.
Check for any Clef changes. (Treble to Bass in the upper staff or Bass to a Treble in the lower staff)
Check for any accidentals in the measure that would affect the note.

11

What is Duple Time in simple and compound time?

Simple - 2/4
Compound - 6/8

12

What is Triple Time in simple and compound time.

Simple - 3/4
Compound - 9/8

13

What is Quadruple Time in simple and compound time?

Simple - 4/4
Compound - 12/8

14

What is the a Basic Beat?

The one note that is equal to one beat.

15

What is the pulse?

Where the rhythmic emphasis falls.

16

What can join a weak pulse?

A strong pulse or a medium pulse.

17

What can a weak pulse join?

Nothing.

18

What is an interval?

The distance in pitch between two notes.

19

What is inverting an interval?

Turning the interval upside down.

20

What is the combined number of the interval and it's conversion?

Nine

21

When inverting intervals, what do the following intervals become:
- Major
- minor
- Augmented
- Diminished
- Perfect

Major becomes minor
Minor becomes Major
Augmented becomes Diminished
Diminished becomes Augmented
Perfect remains Perfect

22

What are the two types of intervals??

Harmonic and melodic.

23

What does the bottom note of an interval do?

Names the Major key.

24

What is a triad?

A three note chord.

25

What are the four elements when identifying a triad ?

- the Root (name )
- the position (root, 1st inv or 2nd inv)
- the type (Major or minor)
- the form (solid or broken)

26

How is the root or name of the triad determined?

By the bottom note when in root position (all lines or all spaces)

27

How is the position of a triad determined?

By the location of the Root within the triad,

28

What is the position of the triad when the bottom note is the root?

Root position.

29

What is the position of the triad when the bottom note is the third above the root?

1st inversion.

30

What is the position of the triad when the bottom note is the 5th above the root?

2nd inversion.

31

How is the type or quality of a triad determined?

By the intervals in the root position triad.

32

What are the row forms of triads and how are they played?

Solid - notes played together
Broken - one note played after the other

33

What is the meaning of marcato, marc?

Marked or stressed.

34

What is the meaning of accent?

A stressed note,

35

What is the meaning of legato?

Smooth

36

What is the meaning of slur?

Play the notes legato.

37

What is the meaning of leggiero?

Light, nimble, quic.

38

What is the meaning of staccato?

Play the notes sharply detached.

39

What is the meaning of tenuto?

Hold, sustained

40

What is the meaning of crescendo?

Becoming louder

41

What is the meaning of decrescendo?

Becoming softer

42

What is the meaning of diminuendo?

Becoming softer

43

What is the meaning of forte?

Loud

44

What is the meaning of fortepiano?

Loud then suddenly soft.

45

What is the meaning of fortissimo?

Very loud

46

What is the meaning of mezzo forte?

Moderately load

47

What is the meaning of mezzo piano?

Moderately soft

48

What is the meaning of piano?

Soft

49

What is the meaning of pianissimo?

Very soft

50

What is the meaning of alla,all?

In the manner of

51

What is the meaning of assai?

Much, very much

52

What is the meaning of ben, bene?

Well

53

What is the meaning of col, coll', colla, colle?

With

54

What is the meaning of con?

With

55

What is the meaning of e, ed?

And

56

What is the meaning of ma?

But

57

What is the meaning of molto?

Much, very

58

What is the meaning of non?

Not

59

What is the meaning of non troppo?

Not too much

60

What is the meaning of piu?

More

61

What is the meaning of poco?

Little

62

What is the meaning of poco a poco?

Little by little

63

What is the meaning of quasi?

Almost, as if

64

What is the meaning of sempre?

Always, continuously

65

What is the meaning of senza?

Without

66

What is the meaning of troppo?

Too much

67

What is the meaning of D.C.?

Da capa, from the beginning

68

What is the meaning of D.S.?

Dal sego, from the sign

69

What is the meaning of fermata?

A pause, hold the note or rest longer than tie written value

70

What is the meaning of M.D?

Mano destra, right hand

71

What is the meaning of M.S.?

Mana sinistra, left hand

72

What is the meaning of M.M.?

Maelzel's metronome

73

What is the meaning of 8va.......(down line)?

Play nor octave above the written pitch

74

What is the meaning of 8va......(up line)?

Play one octave below the written pitch.

75

What is the meaning of Ped.?

Pedale, with pedal

76

What is the meaning of opposing thick and thin bar lines and dots in the 2nd and 3rd spaces?

Repeat signs: repeat the music within the double bar lines.

77

What is the meaning of a curved line below or above two note heads on the same line or space?

Tie, hold for the combined value of the ties notes.

78

What is the meaning of tie?

Hold for the combined value of the tied notes.

79

What is the meaning of animato?

Lively, animated

80

What is the meaning of brillante?

Brillant

81

What is the meaning of cantabile?

In a singing style

82

What is the meaning of con brio?

With vigor, spirt

83

What is the meaning of con espressione?

With expression

84

What is the meaning of dolce?

Sweet, gentle

85

What is the meaning of espressivo, espress?

Expressive, with expression

86

What is the meaning of grazioso?

Graceful

87

What is the meaning of maestoso?

Majestic

88

What is the meaning of tranquillo?

Quiet, tranquil

89

What is the meaning of spiritoso?

Spirited

90

What is the meaning of con pedale, con ped?

With pedal

91

What is the meaning of tre corde?

Three strings, release the left pedal

92

What is the meaning of una corda?

One string, depress the left pedal

93

What is the meaning of adagio?

A slow tempo (slower than andante but not as slow as largo)

94

What is the meaning of allegretto?

Fairly fast (a little slower than allegro)

95

What is the meaning of allegro?

Fast

96

What is the meaning of andante?

Moderately slow, at a walking pace

97

What is the meaning of andantino?

A little faster than andante

98

What is the meaning of con moto?

With movement

99

What is the meaning of grave?

Slow and solemn

100

What is the meaning of larghetto?

Not as slow as largo

101

What is the meaning of largo?

Very slow

102

What is the meaning of lento?

Slow

103

What is the meaning of moderato?

At a moderate pace

104

What is the meaning of presto?

Very fast

105

What is the meaning of prestissimo?

As fast as possible

106

What is the meaning of vivace?

Lively, brisk

107

What is the meaning of accelerando, accel?

Becoming quicker

108

What is the meaning of a tempo?

Return to the original tempo

109

What is the meaning of meno mosso?

Less movement, slower

110

What is the meaning of piu mosso?

More movement, quicker

111

What is the meaning of rallentando, rall?

Slowing down

112

What is the meaning of ritardando, rit?

Slowing down gradually

113

What is the meaning of tempo primo, tempo I?

Return to the original tempi

114

What is the meaning of rubato?

With some freedom of tempo to enhance musical expression

115

What is the meaning of loco?

Return to normal register

116

What is the meaning of ottava, 8va?

The interval of an octave

117

What is the meaning of tempo?

Speed at which music is performed

118

What is the meaning of fine?

The end

119

What is the term for marked, stressed?

Marcato, Marc

120

What is the term for a stressed note?

Accent

121

What is the term for smooth?

Legato

122

What is the term for play the notes legato?

Slur

123

What is the term for light, nimble, quick?

Leggiero

124

What is the term for play the notes sharply detached?

Staccato

125

What is the term for held, sustained?

Tenuto

126

What is the term for becoming louder?

Crescendo, cresc

127

What is the term for becoming softer?

Decrescendo, decresc.

128

What is the term for becoming softer?

Diminuendo, dim.

129

What is the term for loud?

Forte (f)

130

What is the term for loud then suddenly soft?

Fortepiano (fp)

131

What is the term for very loud?

Fortissimo (ff)

132

What is the term for moderately loud?

Mezzo forte (mf)

133

What is the term for moderately soft?

Mezzo piano (mp)

134

What is the term for soft?

Piano (p)

135

What is the term for very soft?

Pianissimo (pp)

136

What is the term for in the manner of?

Alla, all'

137

What is the term for much, very much?

Assai

138

What is the term for well?

Ben, bene

139

What is the term for with?

Col, coll', colla, colle

140

What is the term for with?

Con

141

What is the term for e, ed?

And

142

What is the term for but?

Ma

143

What is the term for much, very?

Molto

144

What is the term for not?

Non

145

What is the term for not too much?

Non troppo

146

What is the term for more?

Piu

147

What is the term for little?

Poco

148

What is the term for little by little?

Poco a poco

149

What is the term for almost, as if?

Quasi

150

What is the term for always, continuously?

Sempre

151

What is the term for without?

Senza

152

What is the term for too much?

Troppo

153

What is the term for from the beginning?

Da capo, D.C.

154

What is the term for from the sign?

Dal segno, D.S.

155

What is the term for a pause, hold the note or rest longer than it's written value?

Formata

156

What is the term for right hand?

Mano destra - M.D.

157

What is the term for left hand?

Mano sinistra, M.S.

158

What is the term for Maelzel's metronome?

M.M.

159

What is the term for play one octave above the written pitch?

8va.........(down line)

160

What is the term for play one octave below the written pitch?

8va.......(up line)

161

What is the term for pedale, with pedal?

Ped.

162

What is the term for repeat the music within the double bar lines and double dots?

Repeat signs

163

What is the term for hold for the combined value of the tied notes?

Tie

164

What is the term for lively, animated?

Animato

165

What is the term for brilliant?

Brilliante

166

What is the term for in singing style?

Cantabile

167

What is the term for with vigor, spirit?

Con brio

168

What is the term for with expression?

Con espressione

169

What is the term for sweet, gentle?

Dolce

170

What is the term for expressive, with expression?

Espressivo, espress

171

What is the term for graceful?

Grazioso

172

What is the term for majestic?

Maestoso

173

What is the term for quiet, tranquil?

Tranquillo

174

What is the term for spirited?

Spiritoso

175

What is the term for with pedal?

Con pedale, con ped

176

What is the term for three strings, release the left pedal?

Tre corde

177

What is the term for one string, depress the left pedal?

Una corda

178

What is the term for a slow tempo (slower than andante but not as slow as largo)?

Adagio

179

What is the term for fairly fast (a little slower than allegro)?

Allegretto

180

What is the term for fast?

Allegro

181

What is the term for moderately slow; at a walking pace?

Andante

182

What is the term for a little faster than andante?

Andantino

183

What is the term for with movement?

Con moto

184

What is the term for slow and solemn?

Grave

185

What is the term for not as slow as largo?

Larghetto

186

What is the term for very slow?

Largo

187

What is the term for slow?

Lento

188

What is the term for at a moderate tempo?

Moderato

189

What is the term for very fast?

Presto

190

What is the term for as fast as possible?

Prestissimo

191

What is the term for lively, brisk?

Vivace

192

What is the term for becoming quicker?

Accelerando, accel.

193

What is the term for return to the original tempo?

A tempo

194

What is the term for less movement, slower?

Meno Mosso

195

What is the term for more movement, quicker?

Piu Mosso

196

What is the term for slowing down?

Rallentando, rall.

197

What is the term for slowing down gradually?

Ritardando, rit.

198

What is the term for return to the original tempo?

Tempo primo, Tempo I

199

What is the term for with some freedom of tempo to enhance musical expression.

Rubato

200

What is the term for return to normal register?

Loco

201

What is the term for the interval of an octave?

Ottava, 8va

202

What is the term for speed at which music is performed?

Tempo

203

What is the term for the end?

Fine