Seventh Chords 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Seventh Chords 2 Deck (43):
1

What is a seventh chord with a diminished triad and a minor seventh?

Half diminished seventh

2

What is a half diminished seventh chord?

A seventh chord with a diminished triad and a minor seventh.

3

How is a half diminished seventh chord labeled?

With a slashed superscript circle.

4

What does a slashed superscript circle indicate?

A half diminished seventh chord.

5

What is a seventh chord with a diminished triad and a diminished seventh?

Fully diminished seventh chord

6

What is a fully diminished seventh chord?

A seventh chord with a diminished triad and a diminished seventh.

7

How is a fully diminished seventh chord labelled?

With an open superscript circle.

8

What does an open superscript circle indicate?

A fully diminished seventh chord.

9

How do you build a seventh chord?

Take a basic triad and add a note that is a seventh above the root.

10

How are the different types of seventh chords distinguished?

By both type of triad and type of seventh used.

11

What is the Seventh (or Dominant seventh) chord?

A major triad and a minor seventh.

12

What is a Major Seventh chord?

A Major triad and a Major Seventh.

13

What is a minor seventh chord?

A minor triad and a minor seventh.

14

What is a Diminished Seventh chord?

A diminished triad and a diminished seventh.

15

What is a Half-diminished chord?

A diminished triad and a minor seventh.3

16

What is the easy way to remember where each seventh is?

The Major seventh is one half step below the octave.
The minor seventh is one half step below the major seventh.
The diminished seventh is one half step below the minor seventh.

17

What is a seventh chord?

Extension of the tertian triad consisting of four pitches arranged vertically in thirds.

OR the combination of a triad and an interval of a seventh.

18

What is the fourth pitch in a seventh chord?

It is a third above the fifth in a triad and is some sort of interval of a seventh above the root of the chord.

19

What two aspects of quality need to be noted when identifying 7th chords?

1. The quality of the triad
2. The quality of the seventh in relation to the root.

20

What is a seventh chord built from?

A root, third, fifth and seventh.

21

What is a Major 7th chord?

A root, a major third, a perfect fifth and a major seventh
OR a major triad and a major seventh
OR or a note, a major third, a minor third and a major third
OR a major triad with a major third on top.

22

What is a minor 7th chord?

A root, its minor third, perfect fifth and minor seventh.
OR a minor triad and a minor seventh
OR a note, a minor third, major third and a minor third
OR a minor triad with a minor third on top

23

What is a Dominant 7th chord?

A root, its major third, perfect fifth and minor seventh
OR a major triad and a minor seventh
OR a note, a major third, minor third and a minor third
OR a major triad with a minor third on top.

24

What are the other names for a Dominant 7th chord?

7 chord
Major-minor seventh chord

25

What is a half diminished 7th chord?

A root, its minor third, diminished fifth and minor seventh
OR a diminished triad and a minor seventh
OR or a note, a minor third, a minor third and a major third
OR a diminished triad and a major third

26

What is a fully diminished or diminished 7th chord?

A root, its minor third, diminished fifth and diminished seventh
OR a diminished triad and a diminished seventh
OR a note, a minor third, a minor third and a minor third
OR a diminished triad and a minor seventh

27

What is a major seventh?

One half step below an octave.

28

What is a minor seventh?

One half step below the major seventh
OR two half steps below the octave

29

What is a diminished seventh?

One half step below the minor seventh
OR three half steps below the octave

30

Where does the name 7th chord come from?

The interval of a seventh between the root and the top note.

31

How do you distinguish various kinds of sevenths chords?

1. By identifying the quality of the triad on the bottom as major, minor, diminished or augmented; and
2. By identifying the quality of the seventh interval as major, minor or diminished.

32

What is one way to identify intervals of a seventh?

A major 7th is a half step from the octave above the root.

A minor 7th is two half steps from the octave above the root.

A diminished 7th is three half steps from the octave above the root.



33

What is the abbreviation for a dominant 7th chord?

7

34

What is the abbreviation for a major 7th chord?

M7
Maj7

35

What is the abbreviation for a minor 7th chord?

m7
min7

36

What is the abbreviation for a half diminished 7th chord?

superscript circle with a slash through it and a 7

37

What is the abbreviation for a fully diminished (diminished) 7th chord?

Superscript open circle and a 7

38

What type of 7th chord is implied when not otherwise specified?

A dominant seventh or seventh being a major triad together with a minor seventh.

39

What is a minor-major 7th chord?

A root, its minor third, perfect fifth and major seventh
OR a minor triad and a major seventh
OR a note, a minor third, minor third and a major third
OR a minor triad with a major third on top.

40

What is the most important of all the seventh chords?

The dominant seventh (referred to as the seventh).

41

What is an augmented seventh chord?

A root, its major third, augmented fifth and a minor seventh.
OR an augmented triad with a minor seventh.

42

What is an augmented major seventh chord?

A root, its major third, augmented fifth and a major seventh.
OR an augmented triad with a major seventh.

43

What is a diminished major 7th chord?

A root, its minor third, diminished fifth and major seventh.
OR a diminished triad and a major seventh