1.23.18 Hematology Patho Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1.23.18 Hematology Patho Deck (10):
1

Anemia: Relative

deficit of total RBC mass with increased plasma volume i.e. Pregnancy

2

Anemia: absolute

decrease in number of RBC

3

Signs of anemia: low level

you don't notice

4

signs of anemia: moderate
results from tissue hypoxia

Weakness; fatigue
increase RR, HR
exertional dsypnea

5

signs of anemia: compensatory mechs

increase DPG (helps hemoglob release more 02)
increase salt, h20 retention, extracell fluid (kidneys just respond to epi in generic signal so increased fluids)
increase HR
increase bone marrow (increase RBC)

6

signs of anemia: moderate to severe

claudication (pain in muscle when exercising from ischemia)
cramps muscles
Pallor
increase RR, HR
CNS: dizziness, fainting, lethargy

7

Iron deficiency etiology

body's diminished ability to absorb it
physiological increase in general requirements
excessive blood loss
renal issues

8

Hemostasis

physio process that STOPS bleeding at the site of injury while maintaining NORMAL blood flow elsewhere

9

Signs of DVT

edema, pain/tenderness (general or elicit)
redness or discoloration
warmth
ultrasound; D-dimer

10

Trifecta of thromboelmbolic disorders
Virchows triad

Epithelia injury, circulatory stasis, hypercoagulable conditions