1.3 Drugs Flashcards Preview

AQA GCSE - Biology > 1.3 Drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.3 Drugs Deck (25)
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1

What is a drug?

A substance that alters our body chemistry

2

What is the order of the Drug testing?

Computer simulation
Animal tissue
Live animals
Healthy human volunteers
Small number of people with illness
Large number of people with illness

3

Why are animals used at first before humans in drug testing?

You have to see if it is safe for humans or if it is toxic

4

Where are healthy volunteers used before ones with the illness in drug testing?

To find the side effects

5

Why are a small number of people with the illness used before a larger number in drug testing?

To find the effectiveness and the side effects

6

What is the name of a trial where the patients and the doctors don't know which drug is real?

A double blind trial

7

What's the name of a fake drug used in testing?

Placebo

8

What are statins used for?

To treat cholesterol
Lowers the risk of cardiovascular diseases

9

What drug was found to treat insomnia?

Thalidomide

10

What was Thalidomide used for after insomnia?

Morning sickness

11

What happened to pregnant women who took Thalidomide?

Their babies had limb abnormalities

12

Why was Thalidomide not advised to be used on pregnant women

They hadn't done testing on pregnant women

13

What was Thalidomide later discovered to treat more recently?

Lepracy

14

What 3 things are being tested for in drug trials?

Dosage
Side effects
Eficacy

15

What are two legal recreational drugs

Alcohol and nicotine

16

What is the name of the compound in cigarette smoke

Carbon monoxide

17

What is the chemical in cigarette smoke

Tar

18

Is cannabis legal or illegal?

Illegal

19

What can cannabis cause?

Mental health issues

20

What has a greater overall impact on health legal or illegal drugs?

Legal

21

What happens to people who take drugs often?

They become addicted

22

Is someone is addicted to a drug and then doesn't take it what happens to them?

Withdrawal symptoms

23

What drugs are illegal in sports?

Performance enhancing drugs

24

What do stimulants do?

They boost bodily functions such as heart rate

25

What do anabolic steroids do?

Stimulates muscle growth