Flashcards in 1.3 Drugs Deck (25)
What is a drug?
A substance that alters our body chemistry
What is the order of the Drug testing?
Healthy human volunteers
Small number of people with illness
Large number of people with illness
Why are animals used at first before humans in drug testing?
You have to see if it is safe for humans or if it is toxic
Where are healthy volunteers used before ones with the illness in drug testing?
To find the side effects
Why are a small number of people with the illness used before a larger number in drug testing?
To find the effectiveness and the side effects
What is the name of a trial where the patients and the doctors don't know which drug is real?
A double blind trial
What's the name of a fake drug used in testing?
What are statins used for?
To treat cholesterol
Lowers the risk of cardiovascular diseases
What drug was found to treat insomnia?
What was Thalidomide used for after insomnia?
What happened to pregnant women who took Thalidomide?
Their babies had limb abnormalities
Why was Thalidomide not advised to be used on pregnant women
They hadn't done testing on pregnant women
What was Thalidomide later discovered to treat more recently?
What 3 things are being tested for in drug trials?
What are two legal recreational drugs
Alcohol and nicotine
What is the name of the compound in cigarette smoke
What is the chemical in cigarette smoke
Is cannabis legal or illegal?
What can cannabis cause?
Mental health issues
What has a greater overall impact on health legal or illegal drugs?
What happens to people who take drugs often?
They become addicted
Is someone is addicted to a drug and then doesn't take it what happens to them?
What drugs are illegal in sports?
Performance enhancing drugs
What do stimulants do?
They boost bodily functions such as heart rate