What is haematemesis?
What is malaena?
Digested blood in the faeces
Does GI bleeding cause death by itself?
No, death usually occurs due to complications like shock and sepsis
How should you assess a patient who is undergoing GI bleeding?
Which hormone are patients injected with in an attempt to stop bleeding?
What are varices?
Abnormally dilated vessels with a torturous course
Where in the GI tract are varices found?
What commonly causes varices in the oesophagus?
Which liver disease precipitates this?
What are some complications of variceal bleeding?
Bleeders with which lifestyle should be suspected of variceal involvement?
Which virus can cause liver pathology associated with varices?
What ADH derivative is used to achieve haemostasis in someone with a GI bleed?
Which technique involves using elastic bands to stop bleeds in the GI tract?
Ligation or banding
The TIPS technique involves drilling a hole through the liver to ___ the portal and central venous pressure.
What effect does this have on varices?
varices go down