15: GI Bleeding Flashcards Preview

Gastrointestinal Week 3 2016/17 > 15: GI Bleeding > Flashcards

Flashcards in 15: GI Bleeding Deck (14):
1

What is haematemesis?

Vomiting blood

2

What is malaena?

Digested blood in the faeces

3

Does GI bleeding cause death by itself?

No, death usually occurs due to complications like shock and sepsis

4

How should you assess a patient who is undergoing GI bleeding?

ABCDE

5

Which hormone are patients injected with in an attempt to stop bleeding?

Adrenaline

(vasoconstrictor!)

6

What are varices?

Abnormally dilated vessels with a torturous course

7

Where in the GI tract are varices found?

Oesophagus

Rectum

8

What commonly causes varices in the oesophagus?

Which liver disease precipitates this?

Portal hypertension

Cirrhosis

9

What are some complications of variceal bleeding?

Sepsis

Liver failure

10

Bleeders with which lifestyle should be suspected of variceal involvement?

Alcoholics

11

Which virus can cause liver pathology associated with varices?

Hepatitis

12

What ADH derivative is used to achieve haemostasis in someone with a GI bleed?

Terlipressin

13

Which technique involves using elastic bands to stop bleeds in the GI tract?

Ligation or banding

14

The TIPS technique involves drilling a hole through the liver to ___ the portal and central venous pressure.

What effect does this have on varices?

equalize

varices go down