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Spanish Level 1 > 1.5 Lesson > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.5 Lesson Deck (46)
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1
Q

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Where are you?

A

¿(En) Dónde estás?

Where are you? - ¿(En) Dónde estás?

2
Q

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Where are you going with a suitcase?

A

¿Adónde vas con una maleta?

(to) where? - ¿adónde? Note that adónde literally means "to where" and must be used whenever you pair dónde with a direction or destination

3
Q

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I am here

A

Estoy aquí

here - aquí

4
Q

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Juan and I are on the street

A

Juan y yo estamos en la calle

street - la calle

5
Q

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Adriana and Jimena are over here

A

Adriana y Jimena están acá

over here - acá. The distinction between aquí and acá varies by region. In some countries the words are used interchangeably

6
Q

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We are in Mexico

A

Estamos en México

Mexico - México

7
Q

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Are they in Spain?

A

¿Están en España?

Spain - España

8
Q

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The math books are downstairs

A

Los libros de matemáticas están abajo

downstairs - abajo. In general, abajo means "below" or "down"

9
Q

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They are upstairs

A

Ellos están arriba

upstairs - arriba. In general, arriba means "above" or "up"

10
Q

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The building is in front of (i.e. across the street from) the university

A

El edificio está enfrente de la universidad

in front of - enfrente de. In some countries, people use the alternative frente a. Both enfrente de and frente a can be used to mean "across the street from"

11
Q

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I am behind the door

A

Estoy detrás de la puerta

behind - detrás de

12
Q

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The War never ends

A

La guerra nunca termina

war - la guerra

13
Q

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Paloma is against the war

A

Paloma está en contra de la guerra

against - contra, en contra de

14
Q

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Andrés is next to the pretty girl

A

Andrés está al lado de la niña bonita

next to - al lado de. Lado literally means "side", so al lado de can be translated as "to the side of"

15
Q

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The chair is behind the table

A

La silla está detrás de la mesa

table - la mesa

16
Q

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The books are on top of the table

A

Los libros están encima de la mesa

on top of - encima de

17
Q

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María is there

A

María está allí

there - allí

18
Q

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The building is not here, it is over there

A

El edificio no está aquí, está allá

over there - allá. Note that allá connotates a more distant location than allí, although both translate to "there" in English

19
Q

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The school is far from the house

A

La escuela está lejos de la casa

far from - lejos de

20
Q

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I am with my teacher

A

Estoy con mi maestra

my - mi

21
Q

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I am with my parents

A

Estoy con mis padres

parents - los padres. Note that mi matches nouns in number

22
Q

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a very big foot

A

un pie muy grande

foot - el pie

23
Q

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We are standing

A

Estamos de pie

standing - de pie. Note that we can also say "standing" by using the adjective parado, derived from the verb pararse ("to stand up")

24
Q

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We go to school on foot

A

Vamos al colegio a pie

on foot - a pie

25
Q

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The teachers are on vacation

A

Los maestros están de vacaciones

vacation - las vacaciones. Note that vacaciones is always plural in Spanish, and that "on vacation" is de vacaciones

26
Q

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You are among friends

A

Estás entre amigos

among - entre

27
Q

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The number four is between numbers three and five

A

El número cuatro está entre los números tres y cinco

between - entre. Note that entre means both "between" and "among."

28
Q

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José sells this chair and this pen

A

José vende esta silla y este bolígrafo

this - este, esta

29
Q

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Alicia is studying art at the university.

A

Alicia está estudiando arte en la universidad.

studying- estudiando. Note that the spanish equivalent of "-ing" is ando or iendo depending on whether the infinitive ends in -ar or -er and -ir. This Present Progressive tense is always used with estar, not with ser

30
Q

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Juan and Marcos are working at the library next to my university

A

Juan y Marcos están trabajando en la biblioteca al lado de mi universidad

working - trabajando

31
Q

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The teacher is annoyed because the students are talking in front of her

A

La maestra está molesta porque los estudiantes están hablando en frente de ella

talking - hablando

32
Q

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You (uds) are teaching class today

A

Ustedes están enseñando la clase hoy

teaching - enseñando

33
Q

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My parents and I are walking in between the two buildings

A

Mis padres y yo estamos caminando entre los dos edificios

walking - caminando

34
Q

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We are taking photos of the building here

A

Estamos tomando fotos del edificio aquí

taking - tomando. Note that it is also acceptable to say sacando fotos.

35
Q

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Mariana and I are not eating because we are dizzy and sick

A

Mariana y yo no estamos comiendo porque estamos mareadas y enfermas

eating - comiendo

36
Q

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I am not learning a lot because my teachers are not good

A

Yo no estoy aprendiendo mucho porque mis maestros no son buenos

learning - aprendiendo

37
Q

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José is running behind the girl because he thinks that she is pretty

A

José está corriendo detrás de la niña porque cree que ella es bonita

running - corriendo

38
Q

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I am selling my chairs because I am not happy with them

A

Estoy vendiendo mis sillas porque no estoy contento con ellas

selling - vendiendo. Note that ellas or ellos can be used to refer to inanimate objects as well as humans, although this use is rare

39
Q

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I think that they are reading over there

A

Creo que están leyendo allá

reading - leyendo. Note that leer ("to read") is irregular in its present progressive form. Most other -er verbs take the -iendo ending in the progressive

40
Q

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My friends are opening the library's big door

A

Mis amigos están abriendo la puerta grande de la biblioteca

opening - abriendo

41
Q

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Maite is busy because she is writing an essay for her art class

A

Maite está ocupada porque está escribiendo un ensayo para su clase de arte

writing - escribiendo

42
Q

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My parents are living near my university, so I am annoyed

A

Mis padres están viviendo cerca de mi universidad, entonces estoy molesto

living - viviendo

43
Q

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Jaime is receiving many letters from his friends who are studying in Spain

A

Jaime está recibiendo muchas cartas de sus amigos que están estudiando en España

receiving - recibiendo

44
Q

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You (uds) are going to the classroom that is upstairs, right?

A

Ustedes están yendo a la clase que está arriba, ¿verdad?

going - yendo (from ir). Note that yendo, like leyendo, is irregular in the present progressive

45
Q

What are the present progressive (-ing) verb endings?

A

Present Progressive endings

  • -ar = -ando
  • -er = -iendo
  • -ir = -iendo
46
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Carolina is figuring out where Memo is

A

Carolina está averiguando (en) dónde está Memo

to find out, to figure out - averiguar. To express "finding out" something by chance, without effort, we often use the verb enterarse instead