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Flashcards in 1.2 Lesson Deck (81)
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1
Q

What are the three types of infinitive verb endings in Spanish?

A
  • -ar as in hablar (to speak)
  • -er as in comer (to eat)
  • -ir as in vivir (to live)
2
Q

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She is a student

A

Ella es una alumna

pupil, student - el alumno, la alumna. Remember that we can also say estudiante

3
Q

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He is a student of Señora Ramos

A

Él es un estudiante de la Señora Ramos

of, from - de

4
Q

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We are from the United States

A

Somos de los Estados Unidos

the United States - Los Estados Unidos (often abbreviated as los EEUU)

5
Q

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He is Xavier's friend

A

Él es (un) amigo de Xavier

friend - el amigo, la amiga

6
Q

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She studies

A

Ella estudia

he/she studies - estudia

7
Q

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He studies a lot

A

Él estudia mucho

a lot - mucho

8
Q

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I study a lot

A

Yo estudio mucho

I study - estudio

9
Q

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You (ud) do not study a lot

A

Usted no estudia mucho

do not - no. Note that verbs are negated by simply adding the word no in front of them.

10
Q

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You do not study

A

no estudias

you study - tú estudias

11
Q

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All the girls study

A

Todas las niñas estudian

all - todos

12
Q

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The girl studies every day

A

La niña estudia todos los días

every day - todos los días

13
Q

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We do not study every day

A

Nosotros no estudiamos todos los días

we study - estudiamos

14
Q

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You (vosotros) study a lot

A

Vosotros estudiáis mucho

you (vosotros) study - estudiáis

14
Q

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They do not study

A

Ellos no estudian

they study - estudian

14
Q

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TO STUDY

  • I study
  • You study
  • He/She studies
  • We study
  • You all study
  • They study
A

ESTUDIAR

  • Yo estudio
  • Tú estudias
  • Él/Ella/Ud estudia
  • Nosotros estudiamos
  • Vosotros estudiáis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds estudian
14
Q

What are the endings of regular -ar verbs (such as estudiar) conjugated in the present tense?

A

Regular Present Tense -ar endings

  • -o (yo)
  • -as (tú)
  • -a (él)
  • -amos (nosotros)
  • -áis (vosotros)
  • -an (ellos)

Simply strip the -ar ending off of any regular infinitive, and apply the endings above

14
Q

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I need an interesting book

A

Necesito un libro interesante

to need - necesitar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar

14
Q

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We walk every day

A

Nosotros caminamos todos los días

to walk - caminar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar

15
Q

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Do you speak Spanish too?

A

¿Hablas español también?

too, also - también

16
Q

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The woman buys eleven books

A

La mujer compra once libros

to buy - comprar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar

17
Q

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She studies mathematics

A

Ella estudia matemáticas

mathematics, math - las matemáticas, la mate. When talking about a general subject, you do not use an article before the subject. When talking about a specific subject you do (i.e. I study the history of Spain->Estudio la historia de España)

18
Q

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The teacher teaches math

A

El maestro enseña matemáticas

to teach - enseñar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar

19
Q

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Señor Ramos teaches the lesson

A

El Señor (Sr.) Ramos enseña la lección

lesson - la lección. Note that señor is usually abbreviated Sr.

20
Q

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for

A

por, para

for - por, para. Note that por and para are not interchangeable and have several uses that can mean different things in English.

21
Q

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Is the book for me?

A

¿Es el libro para ?

me - . The word is used with certain prepositions such as para and a. The simpler direct object pronoun me will be discussed in more detail later

22
Q

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The letter is not for you

A

La carta no es para ti

you - ti. The word ti is used in the predicate of the sentence rather than . The simpler direct object te (which we have already seen in cases like ¿Cómo te llamas?) will be discussed in more detail later

23
Q

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I study with the teacher (fem)

A

Yo estudio con la maestra

with - con

24
Q

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They walk with me

A

Ellos caminan conmigo

with me - conmigo. Note that you cannot say *con mí*

25
Q

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She needs to study with you

A

Ella necesita estudiar contigo

with you - contigo. Note that you cannot say *con ti*

26
Q

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I do not speak Spanish

A

No hablo español

to speak, to talk - hablar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar

27
Q

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We talk to the teacher

A

Hablamos con el maestro

to talk to - hablar con. Note that the preposition con ("with") must be used to mean "talk to"

28
Q

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You (uds) talk about Señora Ramos

A

Ustedes hablan de la Señora Ramos

to talk about - hablar de. Note that the proposition de must be used to indicate "talk about"

29
Q

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I speak English

A

Hablo inglés

English - inglés

30
Q

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I ask in English

A

Yo pregunto en inglés

to ask (a question) - preguntar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar

31
Q

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You work everyday

A

trabajas todos los días

to work - trabajar. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar

32
Q

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I walk every day to work

A

Camino todos los días al trabajo

work - el trabajo. Note that al is a contraction of a and el

33
Q

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They drink water

A

Ellos toman agua

to take, to drink - tomar. Note that tomar can mean both "to take" and "to drink". The verb beber can also be used to mean "to drink," but it is less commonly used than tomar

34
Q

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I try to study

A

Trato de estudiar

to try to - tratar de. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar. Note that tratar without the preposition de means "to treat" (e.g. "I treat my friend badly" - Trato mal a mi amigo)

35
Q

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Do you trust the teacher (feminine)?

A

¿Confías en la maestra?

to trust - confiar en. Follows the same conjugation pattern as estudiar

36
Q

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She eats

A

Ella come

he/she eats - come

37
Q

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We do not eat a lot

A

Nosotros no comemos mucho

we eat - comemos

38
Q

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When do we eat today?

A

¿Cuándo comemos hoy?

today - hoy

39
Q

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He eats lots of food

A

Él come mucha comida

food - la comida

40
Q

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I do not eat today

A

Yo no como hoy

I eat - yo como. Note the difference between the word como (I eat) and cómo (how)

41
Q

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Carolina walks quickly

A

Carolina camina rápido

fast, quick - rápido, rápidamente

42
Q

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We (fem) do not eat quickly

A

Nosotras no comemos rápidamente

quickly - rápidamente. Note that most adverbs in Spanish end in -mente, the equivalent of the English "-ly". However, it is acceptable to just use rápido as an adverb

43
Q

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You eat quickly

A

Tú comes rápidamente

you eat - comes

44
Q

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They eat a lot

A

Ellos comen mucho

they eat - comen

44
Q

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TO EAT

  • I eat
  • You eat
  • He/She eats
  • We eat
  • You all eat
  • They eat
A

COMER

  • Yo como
  • Tú comes
  • Él/Ella/Ud come
  • Nosotros comemos
  • Vosotros coméis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds comen
44
Q

What are the endings of regular -er verbs (such as comer) conjugated in the present tense?

A

Regular Present Tense -er endings

  • -o (yo)
  • -es (tú)
  • -e (él)
  • -emos (nosotros)
  • -éis (vosotros)
  • -en (ellos)

Simply drop the -er ending from the infinitive, and add the appropriate ending from above

45
Q

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I learn a lot at school

A

Yo aprendo mucho en escuela

to learn - aprender. Follows the same conjugation pattern as comer

45
Q

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We run fast

A

Nosotros corremos rápido

to run - correr. Follows the same conjugation pattern as comer.

45
Q

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She sells books

A

Ella vende libros

to sell - vender. Follows the same conjugation pattern as comer

46
Q

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Juan is the boy that runs fast

A

Juan es el niño que corre rápido

that - que

46
Q

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They (men) think that they (women) are pretty

A

Ellos creen que ellas son bonitas

to think/believe - creer. Follows the same conjugation pattern as comer

47
Q

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Seeing is believing

A

Ver es creer

to see - ver. Note that the English gerund (ending in -ing) usually corresponds to the Spanish infinitive.

47
Q

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You read (present) today

A

lees hoy

to read - leer. Follows the same conjugation pattern as comer

48
Q

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We must speak with you (ud)

A

Debemos hablar con usted

must - deber. Follows the same conjugation pattern as comer

48
Q

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Jorge opens the book

A

Jorge abre el libro

he/she opens - abre

49
Q

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You (vosotros) eat today

A

Vosotros coméis hoy

you (vosotros) eat - coméis

49
Q

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She opens the door

A

Ella abre la puerta

door - la puerta

50
Q

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We open the door quickly

A

Nosotros abrimos la puerta rápidamente

we open - abrimos

51
Q

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Marcos drinks a bottle of beer

A

Marcos toma una botella de cerveza

bottle - la botella

52
Q

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The room is big

A

El cuarto es grande

room - el cuarto

53
Q

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He opens the door of the room

A

Él abre la puerta del cuarto

of the - del, de la. Note that de + el is condensed into the contraction del

54
Q

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He never studies

A

Él nunca estudia

never - nunca. The word nunca goes directly before the conjugated verb, just like in the English "never"

55
Q

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I always eat with them

A

Siempre como con ellos

always - siempre

56
Q

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Who sells books?

A

¿Quién vende libros?

Who - Quién. Note that verbs after quien are always conjugated in the third-person (same as él or ella)

57
Q

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They never open the book

A

Ellos nunca abren el libro

they open - abren

58
Q

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You (uds) open the library door

A

Ustedes abren la puerta de la biblioteca

library - la biblioteca

59
Q

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I never open the door

A

Yo nunca abro la puerta

I open - abro

60
Q

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You open the big door

A

Tú abres la puerta grande

you open - abres

61
Q

Translate to Spanish.

TO OPEN

  • I open
  • You open
  • He/She opens
  • We open
  • You all open
  • They open
A

ABRIR

  • Yo abro
  • Tú abres
  • Él/Ella/Ud abre
  • Nosotros abrimos
  • Vosotros abrís
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds abren
62
Q

What are the endings of regular -ir verbs (such as abrir) conjugated in the present tense?

A

Regular Present Tense -ir endings

  • -o (yo)
  • -es (tú)
  • -e (él)
  • -imos (nosotros)
  • -ís (vosotros)
  • -en (ellos)
63
Q

Translate to Spanish.

We write every day

A

Nosotros escribimos todos los días

to write - escribir. Follows the same conjugation pattern as abrir

63
Q

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They live in a big house

A

Ellos viven en una casa grande

to live - vivir. Follows the same conjugation pattern as abrir. Note that here, en means "in"

64
Q

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to study

A

estudiar

to study - estudiar. Estudiar is a regular -ar ending verb

64
Q

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to eat

A

comer

to eat - comer. Comer is a regular -er ending verb

65
Q

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to open

A

abrir

to open - abrir. Abrir is a regular -ir ending verb, which can be used as a model verb for all regular -ir ending verbs

72
Q

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You (vosotros) do not open the mathematics books

A

Vosotros no abrís los libros de matemáticas

you (vosotros) open - abrís