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Spanish Level 1 > 1.9 Lesson > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.9 Lesson Deck (59)
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1
Q

Translate to Spanish.

It is nice out

A

Hace buen tiempo

It is nice out - Hace buen tiempo. Note that hacer buen tiempo literally translates as "to make good weather"

2
Q

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How is the climate in Mexico?

A

¿Cómo es el clima en México?

climate, atmosphere - el clima. Note that we use ser when describing climate, but estar when describing weather

3
Q

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I do not want to go to Alaska because it is very cold

A

No quiero ir a Alaska porque hace mucho frío

It is cold - hace frío

4
Q

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It is very hot at the beach

A

Hace mucho calor en la playa

beach - la playa

5
Q

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It is very hot, so they want to swim

A

Hace mucho calor, entonces ellos quieren nadar

to swim - nadar. Note that nadar is conjugated like a regular -ar verb

6
Q

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It is very sunny; let's go to the beach

A

Hace mucho sol; vamos a la playa

It is sunny - Hace sol

7
Q

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Do you want to swim in the sea?

A

¿Quieres nadar en el mar?

sea - el mar

8
Q

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We do not want to go to the beach because it is very windy

A

No queremos ir a la playa porque hace mucho viento

It is windy - Hace viento. Note that viento is the word for "wind"

9
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Why do you want to go out? It is raining!

A

¿Por qué quieres salir? ¡Está lloviendo!

to rain - llover. Note that llover is an irregular verb in the present tense and is conjugated like mover

10
Q

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It rains a lot in Seattle

A

Llueve mucho en Seattle

it rains - llueve. Note that llover is an -o > -ue stem-changing verb in the present tense

11
Q

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It is snowing. It is so cold!

A

Está nevando, ¡que frío hace!

to snow - nevar

12
Q

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It snows a lot in the United States

A

Nieva mucho en los Estados Unidos

it snows - nieva

13
Q

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Lucía never goes out in the rain

A

Lucía nunca sale a la lluvia

rain - la lluvia

14
Q

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I prefer snow to rain

A

Prefiero la nieve a la lluvia

snow - la nieve

15
Q

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It is hot, but it is very cloudy

A

Hace calor, pero está muy nublado

cloudy - nublado

16
Q

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Today is very sunny, so we want to go to the beach

A

Hoy está muy soleado, entonces queremos ir a la playa

sunny - soleado

17
Q

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When it is cold, you should drink tea

A

Cuando hace frío, hay que tomar té

one should, must - hay que. This construction is used very frequently in Spanish

18
Q

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At the beach, one must be careful

A

En la playa, hay que tener cuidado

to be careful - tener cuidado. This literally means "to have care." The sentence "Be careful" is sometimes shortened to simply ¡Cuidado!

19
Q

Translate to Spanish.

There is no school because of the snow

A

No hay escuela a causa de la nieve

because of - a causa de. It is often acceptable to simply use por (e.g. No hay colegio por la nieve)

20
Q

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In spite of the cold, we are still going to the beach

A

A pesar del frío, todavía vamos a la playa

in spite of - a pesar de

21
Q

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He cannot drive because there is a lot of fog

A

No puede conducir porque hay mucha neblina

fog - la neblina

22
Q

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to see

A

ver

to see - ver. Note that ver is an irregular verb in the present tense

23
Q

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I do not see anything because it is so cloudy

A

No veo nada porque está tan nublado

I see - veo

24
Q

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Don't you see the man that is over there?

A

¿No ves al hombre que está allá?

you see - ves

25
Q

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Juan does not see my cousins that are right there

A

Juan no ve a mis primos que están allí

he/she sees - ve

26
Q

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We do not see anything. There is a lot of fog

A

No vemos nada. Hay mucha neblina

we see - vemos

27
Q

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Don't you (vosotros) see how big the sun is today?

A

¿No veis qué grande está el sol hoy?

you (vosotros) see - veis

28
Q

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Do you all see the baby?

A

¿Ven ustedes al bebé?

you (uds) see - ven

29
Q

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Marco and Paula never see my cousins because they live far from here

A

Marco y Paula nunca ven a mis primos porque viven lejos de aquí

they see - ven

30
Q

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TO SEE

  • I see
  • You see
  • He/She sees
  • We see
  • You see
  • They see
A

VER

  • Yo veo
  • Tú ves
  • Él/Ella/Ud ve
  • Nosotros vemos
  • Vosotros veis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds ven
31
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Seasons in the United States are very nice

A

Las estaciónes en los Estados Unidos son muy bonitas

season - la estación, la temporada. Note that most Spanish words ending in -ción are feminine

32
Q

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Where I live, it snows a lot in winter

A

Donde vivo, nieva mucho en invierno

winter - el invierno

33
Q

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There are a lot of flowers at my grandmother's house

A

Hay muchas flores en la casa de mi abuela

flower - la flor

34
Q

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Flowers come out in spring

A

Las flores salen en primavera

spring - la primavera

35
Q

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In summer, we go to our beach house in Mexico

A

En verano, vamos a nuestra casa de la playa en México

summer - el verano

36
Q

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Can we write on that page?

A

¿Podemos escribir en esa hoja?

page - la hoja

37
Q

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How beautiful are these leaves!

A

¡Qué bonitas son estas hojas!

leaf - la hoja. Note that "page" and "leaf" both translate as hoja in Spanish.

38
Q

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There are no leaves on that tree

A

No hay hojas en ese árbol

tree - el árbol

39
Q

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There are a lot of leaves on the street in fall

A

Hay muchas hojas en la calle en otoño

fall - el otoño

40
Q

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Don't you all see the boat that is in the sea?

A

¿Uds no ven el barco que está en el mar?

boat - el barco

41
Q

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My younger brother eats more than I do

A

Mi hermano menor come más que yo

(verb) more than - (verb) más que

42
Q

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This boat is bigger than that boat

A

Este barco es más grande que ese barco

more - más . Note the structure of a "more than" comparative : más + (adjective) + que (e.g. "Juan is stronger than me" Juan es más fuerte que yo)

43
Q

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These boats are the biggest ones in all of Mexico

A

Estos barcos son los más grandes en todo México

the most - el más, los más, etc.

44
Q

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Cecilia is one of the biggest students in this class

A

Cecilia es una de las estudiantes más grandes en esta clase

one of the... - uno de los...

45
Q

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Mateo is less strong than Antonio

A

Mateo es menos fuerte que Antonio

less - menos . Note the structure of a "less than" comparative: menos + (adjective) + que

46
Q

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Irene is the least beautiful of the class

A

Irene es la menos guapa de la clase

the least - el menos. Note that in order to say "the least", you must use a definite article (el or la) followed by menos + (adjective)

47
Q

Translate to Spanish.

My grandma is about seventy years old

A

Mi abuela tiene más o menos setenta años

about (approximately) - más o menos. This literally means "more or less", a phrase which is sometimes used in English as well

48
Q

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Maite has more books than Victoria

A

Maite tiene más libros que Victoria

more (noun) than - más (noun) que. However, before a number, use más de (e.g. "more than 100 books" - más de cien libros)

49
Q

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There are more than fifty students in this class

A

Hay más de cincuenta estudiantes en esta clase

more than (for numbers) - más de

50
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I think beer is better than wine

A

Creo que la cerveza es mejor que el vino

better - mejor. Be careful not to say más bueno, which is just as incorrect as saying "more good" in English

51
Q

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Marta is the best student in our class

A

Marta es la mejor estudiante en nuestra clase

the best - el/la mejor

52
Q

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Who says that I am a worse son than my brother?

A

¿Quién dice que soy un peor hijo que mi hermano?

worse - peor. Note that peor precedes the noun that it is describing

53
Q

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I do not want to be the worst student, so I study a lot

A

No quiero ser la peor estudiante, entonces estudio mucho

the worst - el/la peor

54
Q

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That building is so tall!

A

¡Ese edificio es tan alto!

so (very) - tan

55
Q

Translate to Spanish.

He has so many girlfriends!

A

¡Tiene tantas novias!

so much, so many - tanto. Be careful not to say *tan mucho*, which is incorrect

56
Q

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Paulina is as pretty as her oldest sister

A

Paulina es tan bonita como su hermana mayor

as (adjective) as - tan (adjective) como

57
Q

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How big is your car?

A

¿Qué tan grande es tu carro? OR ¿Cuán grande es tu carro?

how (abstract adjective) - qué tan (abstract adjective)

58
Q

Translate to Spanish.

(There are many women.)
Marcos always talks to the pretty one

A

Marcos siempre habla con la bonita

the (adjective) one - el (adjective). Note that in Spanish, we do not use the word "one." The adjective itself can act as a noun in this case

59
Q

Translate to Spanish.

What is the weather like?

A

¿Cómo está el tiempo?

weather - el tiempo