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Spanish Level 1 > 1.10 Lesson > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.10 Lesson Deck (74)
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1
Q

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They are going to study tomorrow

A

Van a estudiar mañana

tomorrow - mañana

2
Q

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José never eats in the morning

A

José nunca come en la mañana

morning - la mañana. Note that you must include the article la before mañana in order to say "morning". If not, you will say "tomorrow"

3
Q

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They (masc.) are going to prepare our lunch

A

Ellos van a preparar nuestro almuerzo

to prepare - preparar

4
Q

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We are going to make food with our cousins

A

Vamos a hacer la comida con nuestros primos

food, meal - la comida

5
Q

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Do you always eat healthy food?

A

¿Siempre comes comida sana?

healthy - sano

6
Q

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Aren't you going to want something to eat?

A

¿No vas a querer algo de comer?

something to (verb) - algo de (infinitive)

7
Q

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You don't like meat?

A

¿No te gusta la carne?

meat - la carne

8
Q

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Santiago and Joaquín, aren't you going to eat ham?

A

Santiago y Joaquín, ¿no van a comer jamón?

ham - el jamón

9
Q

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Valentina says that she wants to prepare the chicken

A

Valentina dice que quiere preparar el pollo

chicken - el pollo

10
Q

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Are you all going to want to eat fish?

A

¿Van a querer comer pescado?

fish - el pescado, el pez. Note that pez is normally used to describe live fish, while pescado is used to describe fish as food

11
Q

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I am not preparing breakfast; I'm making my lunch

A

No estoy preparando el desayuno; estoy haciendo mi almuerzo

breakfast - el desayuno

12
Q

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Do you want to eat lunch with me?

A

¿Quieres almorzar conmigo?

to eat lunch - almorzar. Almorzar is a stem-changing o - ue verb in the present tense

13
Q

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Do you want to come to eat dinner? We are going to eat dinner at my grandmother's house

A

¿Quieres venir a cenar? Vamos a cenar en la casa de mi abuela

to eat dinner - cenar

14
Q

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Are they going to come or not?

A

¿Van a venir o no?

or not - o no

15
Q

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Who is going to make dinner, you or me?

A

¿Quién va a hacer la cena, tú o yo?

dinner - la cena

16
Q

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Victoria eats fruit with her breakfast every day

A

Victoria come fruta con su desayuno todos los días

fruit - la fruta

17
Q

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When I make something to eat at the university, I never make vegetables

A

Cuando hago de comer en la universidad, nunca hago verduras

vegetables - la verdura, los vegetales

18
Q

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I am going to order chicken with vegetables, and you?

A

Yo voy a pedir pollo con verduras, ¿y tú?

to ask for, to order (at a restaurant) - pedir. Note that pedir is conjugated like servir (i.e. yo pido, tú pides, él pide, nosotros pedimos, etc.)

19
Q

What is the difference between the words preguntar and pedir, which both mean "to ask"?

A
  • preguntar refers only to asking questions
  • pedir refers to asking for something (as a request)
20
Q

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We are going to prepare the dessert with our grandma

A

Vamos a preparar el postre con nuestra abuela

dessert - el postre

21
Q

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Do you want something to drink?

A

¿Quieres algo de beber?

to drink - beber, tomar. Note that beber is a regular -er ending verb. Also note that in Spanish, it is often more common to use tomar, in order to say "to drink". (e.g. tomar café rather than beber café)

22
Q

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José does not want that drink, he wants this drink

A

José no quiere esa bebida, quiere esta bebida

drink - la bebida

23
Q

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Valeria and I want to drink juice with our breakfast

A

Valeria y yo queremos beber jugo con nuestro desayuno

juice - el jugo

24
Q

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Raúl is going to drink orange juice but Jaime is going to drink coffee

A

Raúl va a beber jugo de naranja pero Jaime va a tomar café

orange - la naranja. Note that in Spanish you always say jugo de + (fruit)

25
Q

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My father never puts milk in his coffee

A

Mi padre nunca pone leche en su café

milk - la leche

26
Q

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Maricarmen is making rice with chicken

A

Maricarmen está haciendo arroz con pollo

rice - el arroz

27
Q

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In Mexico we are going to eat a lot of rice and beans

A

En México vamos a comer mucho arroz y frijoles

beans - los frijoles. Note that the singular is frijol. Also note that the plural for nouns ending in a consonant is formed by adding -es

28
Q

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Fernando eats eggs every day

A

Fernando come huevos todos los días

egg - el huevo

29
Q

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Roberto is going to ask for some bread with his dinner

A

Roberto va a pedir pan con su cena

bread - el pan

30
Q

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Why is this dessert so sweet?

A

¿Por qué está tan dulce este postre?

sweet - dulce. Note that in this case we use estar instead of ser because the "sweetness" is a characteristic that does not normally belong to this dessert. If the dessert is inherently sweet, you'd say Este postre es dulce

31
Q

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Who is going to make the cake?

A

¿Quién va a hacer el pastel?

cake - el pastel, la tarta

32
Q

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We are going to eat with these plates tonight

A

Vamos a comer con estos platos esta noche

plate - el plato

33
Q

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Alejandra and Mariana want this dish

A

Alejandra y Mariana quieren este platillo

dish - el platillo. Sometimes, it is acceptable to just use the word plato (plate) to refer to a culinary dish

34
Q

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The chef doesn't want to cook my favorite dish

A

El cocinero no quiere cocinar mi platillo favorito

chef - el cocinero, la cocinera

35
Q

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I want to order a traditional Mexican dish

A

Quiero pedir un platillo típico mexicano

traditional - típico

36
Q

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Paloma is going to order bread and cheese, and you?

A

Paloma va a pedir pan y queso, ¿y tú?

cheese - el queso

37
Q

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I take my coffee with milk and sugar

A

Tomo mi café con leche y azúcar

sugar - el/la azúcar. Note that "sugar" can be masculine or feminine, although it is more common to say el azúcar

38
Q

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I am going to buy bread, butter, sugar and fruit

A

Voy a comprar pan, mantequilla, azúcar y fruta

butter - la mantequilla

39
Q

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Are you going to put a bit of sugar in your coffee?

A

¿Vas a poner un poco de azúcar en tu café?

a bit - un poco. Note that in order to say "a very little bit" you can use the diminutive of poco, which is poquito

40
Q

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Esteban does not want to add cheese to his eggs

A

Esteban no quiere agregar queso a sus huevos

to add - agregar, añadir

41
Q

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The beans do not have salt; are you going to add a tiny bit?

A

Los frijoles no tienen sal; ¿vas a agregar un poquito?

salt - la sal

42
Q

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Ana wants a bit of salad with her dinner

A

Ana quiere un poco de ensalada con su cena

salad - la ensalada

43
Q

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This soup is bad; it has a lot of salt

A

Esta sopa está mala; tiene mucha sal

soup - la sopa

44
Q

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Mom is going to buy bananas and oranges

A

Mamá va a comprar plátanos y naranjas

banana - el plátano, el banano, la banana. Note that the use of plátano, banana or banano depends on the country. In some countries, plátano only refers to "plantains"

45
Q

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Do you think that Pamela is making apple or orange juice?

A

¿Crees que Pamela está haciendo jugo de manzana o de naranja?

apple - la manzana

46
Q

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Liselle and Jimena are putting cheese and tomato in the salad

A

Liselle y Jimena están poniendo queso y tomate en la ensalada

tomato - el tomate

47
Q

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My sister and I are going to the supermarket; do you want to go with us?

A

Mi hermana y yo vamos a ir al supermercado; ¿quieres ir con nosotras?

supermarket - el supermercardo, el super

48
Q

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Beatriz and Alberto are going to cook dinner

A

Beatriz y Alberto van a cocinar la cena

to cook - cocinar

49
Q

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Where is Teresa? Is she cooking in the kitchen?

A

¿Dónde está Teresa? ¿Está cocinando en la cocina?

kitchen - la cocina

50
Q

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We want some potatoes with our meat and vegetables

A

Queremos unas papas con nuestra carne y verduras

potato - la papa. Note that diference between el papá ("dad") and la papa ("potato" ). Also, be sure to use the feminine article for potato; el papa means "the Pope"!

51
Q

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You are going to buy a dozen bananas, right?

A

Vas a comprar una docena de plátanos, ¿verdad?

a dozen - una docena

52
Q

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We are on our way to your house; where are you?

A

Vamos en camino a tu casa; ¿dónde estás?

way (direction) - el camino. En camino means "on the way"

53
Q

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I don't like his way of cooking

A

No me gusta su manera de cocinar

way (manner) - la manera, el modo

54
Q

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How good your soup is! / Your soup is so good!

A

¡Qué rica está tu sopa!

rich, good (food) - rico. Note that when talking about food, rico means "good", "delicious" or "rich". It is more common than simply saying bueno

55
Q

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Your cake tastes very good

A

Tu pastel sabe muy rico

to taste (food) - saber. Note that the verb saber can mean both "to know" and "to taste", depending on context

56
Q

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It tastes like chicken

A

Sabe a pollo

to taste like - saber a

57
Q

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Are these vegetables rotten?

A

¿Están podridas estas verduras?

rotten - podrido

58
Q

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It smells like rotten eggs

A

Huele a huevos podridos

to smell like - oler a. Note the -o -> -ue stem change, and the addition of h

59
Q

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Jorge wants half an apple

A

Jorge quiere media manzana

half - medio. Note that medio is used as an adjective and must agree with the gender and number of the noun that it describes

60
Q

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Andrés wants one half of the apple

A

Andrés quiere la mitad de la manzana

middle, half of - la mitad

61
Q

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No, I only want half

A

No, sólo quiero la mitad

only - sólo. Note that sólo is short for solamente

62
Q

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My uncle is sad because he is always alone

A

Mi tío está triste porque siempre está solo

alone - solo. Note the difference between sólo "only" and solo "alone"

63
Q

What is the difference between the words sólo and solo?

A
  • sólo means "only"
  • solo means "alone"
64
Q

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José is always half-drunk when we go to his house

A

José siempre está medio borracho cuando vamos a su casa

drunk - borracho

65
Q

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My mom wants half a kilogram of apples

A

Mi mamá quiere medio kilo de manzanas

kilogram - kilo. Note that in Spanish-speaking countries things are measured in kilograms, not pounds

66
Q

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The apple measures four and a half inches

A

La manzana mide cuatro pulgadas y media

inch - una pulgada. However, in Spanish-speaking countries, the metric system of measurements is used

67
Q

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How many centimeters does this plate measure?

A

¿Cuántos centímetros mide este plato?

centimeter - un centímetro

68
Q

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What is the height of this building?

A

¿Cuál es la altura de este edificio?

height - la altura

69
Q

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Maricarmen is very tall; she is almost six feet tall

A

Maricarmen es muy alta; ella mide casi seis pies de altura

foot (measurement) - un pie

70
Q

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I am very short; I measure one meter and fifty-six centimetres

A

Yo soy muy baja; mido un metro y cincuenta y seis centímetros

meter - un metro

71
Q

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This meat doesn't cost anything; I am going to buy a lot

A

Esta carne no cuesta nada; voy a comprar mucha

to cost - costar. Note that costar changes base from -o to -ue in the present tense

72
Q

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These apples cost two dollars per kilogram

A

Estas manzanas cuestan dos dólares el kilo

per - el, la. Note that the English word "per" can be expressed by simply using the definite article el or la

73
Q

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Are you going to eat breakfast with the family?

A

¿Vas a desayunar con la familia?

to eat breakfast - desayunar. Desayunar is conjugated like any -ar verb.

74
Q

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We eat breakfast together every morning

A

Desayunamos juntos cada mañana

together - juntos / juntas