Flashcards in 2. Circle of 5th, Major and Enharmonic Scales Deck (29):
What is the order of sharps in a key signature?
F C G D A E B
What is the order of flats in a key signature?
B E A D G C F
What is the Circle of Fifths?
A map of the Major and minor key signatures.
Where are the Major Keys written on the Circle of Fifths and how are they written?
On the outside and in Upper Case letters.
Where are the minor keys written on the Circle of Fifths and how are they written?
On the inside and in lower case letters.
What do the numbers around the outside of the Circle of Fifths indicate?
The number of flats and sharps are found in each key.
What is the memory trick for the order of flats in the key signatures?
Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles Father
What is the memory trick for the order of sharps in the key signatures?
Father Charles Goes Down And Ends Battle
How do you name the Major Key with flats?
Go to the second last flat of the key signature. That note is the name of the Major Key.
How do you name the Major Key with sharps?
Go to the last sharp of the Key Signature and go up one diatonic semi-tone. That note is the name of the Major Key.
What are the guidelines for writing Major scales using a Key Signature?
A. They can be written with or without a centre bar line.
B. Notes begin after the Key Signature.
C. When written with a centre bar line, the bar line is after the highest note.
D. No accidentals are needed in the staff.
E. Use a double bar line at the end of the staff.
What are Enharmonic Tonic Major Scales?
Scales that use the same pitches but are written with notes using different letter names (Enharmonic equivalents).
What are the three enharmonic Major keys in the Circle of Fifths?
Db and C# Major
Gb and F# Major
Cb and B Major
What are the guidelines for writing Major scales using accidentals?
A) They can be written with or without a centre bar line.
B) When written with a centre bar line, the bar is after the highest note.
C) The centre bar line cancels an accidental so accidentals must be written in the ascending and descending scales.
D) Without a centre bar line, accidentals are written in the ascending scale only.
D) Use a double bar line at the end of the staff.
What is the symbol for a slur and what does it do and mean?
A curved line connecting two or more notes of a different pitch, played legato (smoothly).
Where is the symbol for a tie or slur written?
Above or below the note heads, away from the stems. Closest to the note head.
How many slurs are required for the notes of harmonic intervals or a chord that are to be played legato?
Only one slur is required, either above or below.
How are slurred repeated notes indicated?
By a staccato and a slur. (A pedal may be used to connect the sound)
What is the symbol for a tie and what does it do and mean?
A curved line connecting two or more notes of the same pitch. The note is held for the combined value of the tied notes.
What is needed when a tie is used to extend the note value over a bar line?
Each tied note must have its own tie.
Can ties and slurs be used at the same time? If so, what do they do?
Yes. The slur will connect notes of different pitches and the tie will connect notes of the same pitch.
What is needed to tie notes of a chord or harmonic interval?
Only one slur is required except if notes are extended over a bar line - then each tied note must have its own tie.
What does a dot placed after a note do?
Adds half the value of the note.
Where is a dot placed to create a noted note?
The dot is written after the note in the same space for a space note and in the space above for a line note.
What is the distance from one key to the next around the Circle of Fifths?
A Perfect Fifth (when moving clockwise around the circle)
Describe how to complete the Circle of Fifths?
a) Write the order of flats on the top left.
b) Write the order of sharps on the top right.
c) Start at the number 1 on the flat side with F (Father). Move clockwise (to the right) UP a FIFTH each time.
What is the exception to the rule of naming Major Key with flats?
F Major which only has one flat, Bb
Where is the Key Signature written?
At the beginning of the music after the clef and before the Time Signature.