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Flashcards in 20-26 Deck (131):
1

The ___ is the only national certifying agency that is recognized by the ASRT, ACR, & AMA

ARRT, American Registry of Radiologic Technologists

2

In 1922 there were ___ certifications, the firs tof which was presented to _____________

89
Sister M. Beatrice Marrigan

3

The ARRT is governed by a board of trustees that is composed of ___ members

9

4

Does the ARRT get paid?

no

5

Where is the home office of ARRT?

St. Paul

6

How many digits is the ARRT id number?

6

7

the exam consists of ____ scored multiple choice questions designed to measure the examinee's ability to apply current knowledge in radiology technology

200

8

The total score is reported as a ___ score

scaled

9

The ASRT, American Society of Radiologic Technologist was founded in

1920

10

the ASRT is the only nationally recognized professional society that repsrents all radiologic technologists in the

USA

11

what is the purpose of the ASRT?

advance the prand enhance patien careofessions of radiation and imaging disciplines and specialites, maintain high moral standards

12

What is the governing and legislative body of teh ASRT?

House of Delegates

13

What is one of the primary purposes of the ASRT?

present education and educational opportunities

14

Who develops the curriculum guides for all various education programs in radiologic technology?

ASRT

15

Who publishes the journal, Radiologic Technology?

ASRT

16

There is a monthly newsletter put out by the ASRT called:

Scanner

17

Who is a national organization that addresses teh issues and concernes of radiology admins?

AHRA American Healthcare Radiology Admins

18

Radiation Therapy aka

Radiation Oncology

19

When did Radiation therapy begin?

about 1 year after discovery of xrays

20

what was the first case of radiation therapy?

advanced case of breast cancer

21

What is Nuclear Medicine?

involves the use of radioactive materials for diagnostic and theraputic studies both inside and outside the body

22

when was sonography first used?

1940s & 1950s

23

how many credentails (certifications) are there in sonography? through ARDMS?

4

24

Interventional Radiography aka

Special Procedures

25

What is Special Procedures radiography/

involves giving patient a substance to produce radiographic contrast in certain anatomic structures
can help negate the need for surgery
must have thorough sterile technique

26

study of the circulatory structures by opacifying the blood vessels with a + contras medium

angiography

27

study of arterial vessels, which may be broken down further into perifphreral studies of the extremeities and visceral studies of various organs

arteriography

28

study of the venous system

venography

29

Mammography

radiographic exam of the breast

30

computed tomography aka CAT scan

cross-sectional plan of the body and presenting it as a 3 D image

31

MRI

intoduced in 80s
provides cross-sectional 3D images w/o xrays or radioactive materials

32

Bone Densitometry

measure bone mineral density

33

Radiologist Assistant

advanced level who work under the suprverison of a radiologist to assist in teh diagnostic imaging clinical

34

When determining a career path:

• Determine goals
• Explore opportunities
• Make a commitment

35

Short-term education programs:

• Radiation therapy
• Nuclear medicine
• Sonography
• Interventional radiographic procedures

36

a technologist who is trained to be a supplement to the radiologists assisting in fluoroscopy, special procedures, patient handling, and other tasks traditionally performed by radiologists

Radiologist assistant (RA)-

37

The ideal ____ ____ has a combined technical and management background, thereby possessing both radiologic expertise and management training or experience.

radiology administrator

38

is involved in purchasing, personnel management, union negotiations, budget preparations, regulatory specifications, decision making, and planning. He or she is ultimately responsible for all aspects of the operation of an imaging department.

radiology administrator

39

A background in radiography matched with a background in computer science can open doors to such jobs as

PACS administrators

40

responsibility to oversee the equipment in the department and to guarantee that such equipment meets the standards set not only by JCAHO but also federal, state, and local agencies.

quality assurance radiologic technologist

41

_____ involved in radiation therapy are generally the radiation safety officer for all of radiology.

Physicists

42

ensures that radioactive materials and radiation-producing machinery are properly handled so that personnel and patient exposure does not exceed normally accepted levels.

radiation safety officer

43

The radiation safety officer hold’s a _____’s degree in radiation physics and is certified by the American Board of Health Physicists and the American Board of Radiology

master

44

_____specialists need a technical background because they deal with new equipment and the applications of that equipment

Applications

45

Mandatory continuing education requirements and documentation that the required credits have been obtained are required on a ____ basis.

biennial (2-year)

46

Once you become registered you will begin your biennium on the first day of your__ __ ___ after becoming certified

next birth month

47

A __ credit is a unit of measurement for continuing education activities

CE

48

Each credit is based on

50-60 minute contact hour

49

When it comes to CE credits

1) It is solely the responsibility of the technologist to attend, obtain, and maintain documentation of attendance for each continuing education activity
2) 24 credits are required during each 24-month biennium
3) A minimum of 12 CE credits must be identified as Category A (these activities have received approval prior to the activity by a Recognized Continuing Education Evaluation Mechanism or REEEM); all 24 credits may be Category A
4) A maximum of 12 CE credits may be identified as Category B
5) Both Category A or B credits must be educational activities relevant to the radiologic sciences and/or patient care
6) The same CE activity may not be used more than once in a biennium

50

Registered technologists must acquire ___CE credits within their 24-month biennium. Each CE activity must meet the ARRT’s definition

24

51

true or false?
It is strongly suggested that you do not allow your registry to lapse as you may need to retest in order to be reinstated.

true

52

Approximately __% of the gross domestic product (GDP) of the United States is spent on health care (over ____ annually

15
$1 trillion

53

a prospective payment system ___is in place

(PPS)

54

third-party payers that offer, for a monthly fee, all necessary medical care at no additional charge

HMO

55

who negotiate lower fees with the patient’s insurer.

preferred provider organizations (PPOs

56

Labor costs can account for more than __% of the average hospital’s budget

70

57

- any waste of resources that results from a change in physicians’ patterns of practice due to the threat of malpractice

Defensive medicine

58

According to the CDC, more than half of early deaths are attributed to .

lifestyle

59

comprehensive, nationwide health promotion and disease prevention agenda

Healthy People 2010

60

Ten basic elements necessary for any complete health care system

1) Public health/preventative medicine
2) Emergency medical care
3) Simple, non-emergency, ambulatory patient care
4) Complex, ambulatory patient care
5) Simple, inpatient hospital care
6) Complex, inpatient hospital care
7) Long-term, continuing care, and rehabilitation
8) Care for social, emotional, and developmental problems
9) Transportation
10) Financial compensations for disability

61

Approximately 85% of the technology in a hospital today had not been invented __years ago.

10

62

the ARRT is the national organization for

the certifying of qualified technologist

63

eligibility to sit for the ARRT exam requires;

completion of an ARRT accredited program

64

the ARRT offered it's first cert in

1922

65

the ARRT:

ALL:
registers techs in radiation therapy, radiography and nuclear medicine
examines techs for advanced-level specialties
awards certs in basic and advanced level technology

66

develops tests and examines applicants in RT

ARRT

67

ARRT exam consists of:

200 questoin computerized test plus pilot questions

68

a score is defined as passing provided that:

a composite score of 75 is made

69

in 1997 what became a requirement for re-certification?

showing evidence of continuing education

70

the ARRT is one of the oldest certifying agencies in the health profession and is also:

2nd largest

71

what governmental agency is responsible for the oversight of instituational and programmatic accredition?

USDE, US Dept of Education

72

in what way does JRCERT accreditaion benefit students?

by ensuring that a program meets nationally established professional standards

73

site visitors' responsibilities incluse which?

A&C
evaluating a program through an onsite visit of teh sponsoring institiution and clincial practice settings

developing a report of findings from the onsite eval of a pgoram

74

whic is likely when a programs' deficiencies threaten the capability of a program to provide acceptable education?

program is awarded probationary accreditation

75

educational standards address which?

program effectiveness
curriculum
radiation safety

76

the JRCERT is:

an accreditor of education programs

77

the JRCERT Board of Directors include:

RT, physicians, and represenative of the public

78

The JCERT investigates complaints that

relate to a programs compiancd ith the education standard

79

which is a responsibility of the JRCERT?

eval of educational programs

80

accrediation process includes:

submitting documents, peer site visit, and JRCERT action

81

JRCERT accredited prgroams may exist in which of the following settings?

ALL -
health care facilities
colleges
proprietary schools

82

what is the max length of an accreditation award from JRCERT?

8 years

83

responsibilities of the JRCERT directors include?

accreditation, corporate, policy development

84

services offered by the JRCERT include:

identification of accredited programs for prospective students

85

which of the followign is true of accreditation?

all:
voluntary
gernally conducted by a nongovernmental agency
peer reviewed

86

which is true of a programs self study report?

it is an eval o the program by program personell

includes info about the program's outcomes in relation to mission and goals

87

which individuals may serve as site visitors?

RT educators

Radiolgisitss and radiation oncologirsts

88

radiolgic sciences education has evolved form the ___ to teh ___ model

apprentice, academic

89

a national organization for RT educators is:

ACERT

90

a a national organization for RT managers is:

AHRA

91

a national organization for all RT is:

ASRT

92

which of the follwing was priamry reason that ASRT was formed?

education

93

today, ASRT serves its members with what?

ALL:
continuing education and scholary publications
professional representation
education program curricula

94

a group that represents over 350,000 health care professionals including all radiologic science practionoers is:

summit on Radiologic Sciences and Sonogrpahy

95

the professional journal published by ASRT

Radiologic Technology

96

The ASRT currently represents how many RT?

more than 100,000

97

other professionals who work in diagnostic imaging and therapy include:

all:
radiologists
physicists
nurses

98

the ASRT was founded in:

1920

99

which imaging modality is most useful in studying the brain and spinal cord through visualization of soft tissue detail?

MRI

100

the formulation of radiopharmaceuticals and the localization of each w/in the body are unique to what discipline?

nuclear medicine

101

speciality that allows the most patient contact is:

radiation therapy

102

which subject in the curriculum is not common to all disciplines discussed in this chapter?

treatment planning

103

which specialty may national cert be obtained through an organization other than the ARRT?

ultrasound/sonography

104

an advantage of u/s over other imaging is:

it can monitor fetal development
no radiation is used

105

today's radiology dept upward and lateral mobility depends on primarily which:

education

106

short term post graduate education for the RT would be in which of the following years?

Sonography
Radiation therapy
vascualar inerventional angiography

107

which is included in the responsibilities of an RA?

performing fluoroscopy of noninvasive procedures
perfomring invasive procedures w/ radiologist direct supervision
interpreting images/making diagnosis
performing pre and postprocedure evaltuions of patients under gong invasive procedures

108

personnel managment, budget prep, union negotioations and purchasing are a few of the ares involved in:

dept. admin

109

formal training of xray tech in th eUS began in

1917

110

formal training of xray techs in europe was first undertaken by

Marie Curie

111

the ASRT was established in:

1920

112

qualifications for radiologic science program director, faculty, clinical cooridinator and clicnical instructor are addressed by:

JRCERT

113

the JCAHO requires tha tradiology dept establish:

quality assurance/quality control programs

114

which is of utmost importanc ein quality assurance/programs?

processor monitoring

115

monitoring of peronsnel radiation exporusr ei the responsibity of :

radiation safety officer

116

minor radiologic and fluroscopic equipment problems are ofetn serviced by:

equipment specialist

117

continuing education for RT is:

mandatory for all RT

118

following education activities are acceptable for CE credit EXCEPT:

academic courses, inservice education programs, local RT programs

119

the organization requiring continuing education for renewal of certifications is:

ARRT

120

the organization responbile for approving education activies for CE credit is

RCEEM

121

CE credits may be obtained from an accredited postsecondary education institution in:

courses in disciplines specified by the ARRT

122

the ASRT established the ECE program in

1978

123

continuing education programs meets the criteria for approceved CE credit if:

none -
fee/tuition charged
program is 50 mins
program is conducted by physician

124

the main objectie for contininuing education is:

provide efficient care for patients

125

at start of 2000 how many older adults required care in US

10 million

126

wha tis a payment system that determines costs and paymetns before delivery of serviced called?

prospective payment

127

single largest cost in providing medicare care is:

labor

128

exams performed for sole purpose of avoiding litigatin is:

defensive medicine

129

lifestyle factor that has largest role in relation to the managment of good heath:

diet/smoking
exercise
alcohol
seat belts

130

annually, smoking related illnesses cost:

more than $65billion

131

increasingly, entry-level RT are working in;

all:
imagining centers
physician offices
urgent care clinics