2.1- Cadillac Dreams Flashcards Preview

6GE03 - Water Security > 2.1- Cadillac Dreams > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2.1- Cadillac Dreams Deck (23)
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1

Why should we have/not have big engineering projects?

-Engineering can solve problems
-Engineering can create bigger problems

2

When was the worst drought for a century caused in Western US and what caused it?

2011- a mild La Nina event
2014- non existent El Nino

3

Give an example of somewhere where we need international water law- upstream and downstream countries.

Colorado Compact
Nile Basin

4

What is a quote by Bill Mulholland regarding the water situation in the US?

"If you don’t get the water, you won't need it.”

5

What are the remains of Owens Lake in California?

Salt loving bacteria

6

What are the four states making up the south western part of USA?

California
Utah
Arizona
Nevada

7

What was the combined GDP of the four states of south western USA in 2008?

$2,300 (worlds 7th largest economy)

8

What is the total population of the 4 states in south western USA?

48.5 million.

9

Where is the most densely populated regions in California?

Along a coastal strip between San Francisco and San Diego

10

Name 2 positive contributions of large scale projects in south western USA.

-impacted large number of people, increasing their supply security
-more effective than water conservation methods

11

Name 2 negative contributions of large scale projects in south western USA.

-very high costs
-Paiute Indians lost land rights and water
-Owens Valley is now a desert

12

Who should change their ways in California (2015) for a more fair distribution of water?

-85% of water used by agriculture
-90% of local resident must reduce water use by 25%

13

How can farmers/people change their ways in California (2015) for a more fair distribution of water?

-Need seasonal crops, e.g. almonds / grapes
-Water efficient technology and price incentives have kept water use steady
-measure & limit usage

14

What was the 2015 plan for Sites Reservoir (Sacramento)?

$2.7bn on new water storage capacity

15

How much was spent of the 2015 plan in Sacramento for water conversion

$510m (including capturing and cleaning storm run off)

16

Where did Joseph Walker (explorer) consider as the worst agricultural land in the American west.

Owens Valley. He called it ''worthless to white man''

17

What group of people are digging ditches from useful meltwater streams in Owens Valley?

Paiute Indians

18

Where are land speculators buying land, hoping to make profit in the future?

San Fernando Valley

19

Where does Owens Valley massive seasonal runoff from?

Sierra Nevada

20

What did the US Bureau buy off Owens Valley land owners?

Water rights

21

What happens as a result of high demand for irrigated water?

Owens Valley water levels drop. Mono Lake water levels drop. Leaves deserts.

22

Who sued Los Angeles and why?

Paiute Indians, due to overuse of water in Owens Valley without doing an Environmental Impact Assessment

23

Who starts the rewatering of Owens River and when?

David Nahai- 2008.