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6GE03 - Water Security > 3.4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.4 Deck (20)
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1

What percentage of the World consumes private water as of 2015

17%

2

What were the social consequences of the rise in the price of water in Cochabamba following the privatisation of the water supply there

Cochabamba's poor had the choice of either paying 20% of their wages for water or feeding their children, This resulted in 4 days of riots and 170 casualties

3

Why does only 20% of La Paz's population have an active connection to water supplies

Most cannot afford to pay $450 per month on average wages of £17

4

What was the condition given by the World Bank to Bolivia for renewing its $25bn

Privatise its water supply

5

What effect does placing a charge on water have on demand

It makes people more conscious about water usage and reduces demand as a result

6

After water supply was privatised in Cochamamba, how often did locals have access to water

2 hours a day and 3 days a week

7

How many people have been excluded from the private water supply in La Paz, Bolivia

200,000

8

What factors are necessary in order for privatisation to work

Lots of companies to create competition
Regulation to ensure citizens aren't being overcharged
Prominent media toe expose corruption

9

What factors are necessary in order for public sector to work

Government investment to ensure it remains efficient. The sector should also be democratic (i.e. so the people don't get ignored) and transparent

10

Which player is increasingly more responsible for making decisions about the water access

TNCs

11

Are IGOs such as the World Bank in favour of making water supply public or privatising it

Privatising

12

What was the name of the TNC that took over Cochabamba's water system in 1999

Agua del Tunari, a subsidiary of US owned TNC Bechtel

13

Why did Agua del Tunari raise water prices

To pay for a major dam project and to ensure a 16% profit margin

14

What American think tank claims that "water is far too important to human health to be placed entirely in private hands"

The Pacific Institute

15

What type of good is water classed as by NGOs such as WaterAid and Oxfam

A public good - should be managed by national governments

16

What is the difference in water coverage between La Paz (private water supply) and Cochabamba (public water supply)

100% coverage to every street in La Paz (However, most houses aren't connected as they can't afford to do so) vs 45% coverage of pipes to individual houses in Cochabamba

17

Why are some people in Cochabamba building their own wells

The Government owned water provider can't supply 55% of the population due to inefficiency

18

Which TNC runs the water supply in La Paz

Suez of France

19

How much private investment does the IMF claim is needed to guarantee fresh water supplies in Bolivia

$50 billion

20

In which other countries have anti privatisation riots occurred

Peru, Panama, Brazil and Colombia