1.4- Water's Price Is Right Flashcards Preview

6GE03 - Water Security > 1.4- Water's Price Is Right > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.4- Water's Price Is Right Deck (21)
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1

how many people lack access to clean water?

1.2 billion

2

how much money is spent each year worldwide in an effort to improve water supplies and sanitation?

$30 billion

3

What is the definition of the word "commodity"?

More generally, a product which trades on a commodity exchange.

4

What are some possible pitfalls of water companies?

-they are a feature of a capitalist economy
-they may not deliver water and manage water supplies in a safe and cost effective way
-privatisation can mean that profits come before people
-TNCs don't have the same vested interests as local people

5

What are some pitfalls of consumers?

-sometimes make excessive use or return "grey water" in an unfit condition. e.g. farming leading to eutrophication of supplies or industry discharging pollution - so water is not safe for others to use
-too much demand for lower prices and efficiency can prevent reinvestment and continued supply.

6

who do water companies subsidise and exploit?

they subsidise the rich and exploit the poor

7

In which country is the Guayas river located?

Ecuador (in Guayaquil, the capital city with a population of two million)

8

What sources of pollution affect the Guayas river?

-untreated domestic and industrial wastewater
-petroleum laden discharges from shipping
-pesticides and fertilisers from farming

9

How many children were poisoned with hepatitis A in May 2005 as a result of the pollution in the Guayas river?

158 children

10

up to how many people can 1 barrel of water be shared between in the slums of Guyaquil?

600-800 people are forced to share 1 drum of water

11

how much can water lorries purchase a barrel of water for?

$4

12

how much do water vendors sell one barrel for, from door to door?

up to $1600

14

what problems can people face when relying on water from barrels sold by street vendors?

-they cannot afford it, they can go up to two days without water
-when it does arrive it can be contaminated , e.g. with e.coli

15

How much do water vendors make per day?

£3.20 (£339/year)

17

what have some commentators dubbed water as?

'the lubricant of development'

18

what are water vendors forced to do?

-provide water for homes without any water supply at all
-wake before dawn to fill 25 litre jerry cans
-most will carry 14 at a time (350KGs)
-the roads are dirt tracks, with lots of potholes and sewers running down the middle

19

what are the problems of water insecurity related to?

-accessibility: having a water supply and distribution network
-access: freedom to use or income to buy water in a particular location
-usage: entitlement to, and understanding of, water use and health issues

20

What five parameters does the water poverty index (WPI) use?

-resources
-access
-capacity
-use
-environment

21

what are some examples of vocabulary for moral issues?

-desperate measures
-extortionate prices
-struggling
-power relationships
-affordability
-culpable
-deceitful

22

who has power over the poor people?

-the rich
-high power TNCs that control the water supplies and exploit the poor
-the government; privatising the water supply and neglecting to give economic help to poorer people

27

how does water become a commodity?

when it becomes something that people buy and trade rather than an easily accessible natural resource. when it is something that people need/want and are willing to pay for it