Flashcards in 2.2 lab - cellular pathology Deck (24)
what kind of glands have epithelia?
all of them
increase in cell size is called
decrease in cell size is called
increase in cell number is called
abnormal cell growth is called
hyperplasia and hypertrophy are characteristic of the endometrium in which phases of the menstrual cycle?
proliferative and secretory
lateral saculations develop in the endometrium in this phase of the menstrual cycle
secretory phase (lateral saculations are folds that increase the surface area of glands)
leukocytic infiltration of connective tissue and hypertrophic vasculature are signs of __
what does the term "ulcer" refer to?
a compromise in the integrity of epithelium
in what phase of the menstrual cycle should inflammation of the endometrium be evident?
hypertrophy of an ovarian follicle involves ___ of the oocyte and ___ of the granulosa cells
-hypertrophy of the oocyte
-hyperplasia of the granulosa cells
space in an ovarian follicle is occupied by
an "atretic" follicle is...
cellular apoptosis in an ovarian follicle is referred to as __
generally speaking, "atresia" signifies...
the "closure" of an orifice, or follicle
What are 3 hints that an ovarian follicle is undergoing apoptosis?
-nuclei are darker and more condensed, perhaps pyknotic (breaking up into smaller pixels)
-debris from broken cells is evident
-the basement membrane surrounding the cell is breaking up to expose follicle to immune system (later stages)
pathological cell death is called
pathological cell death
in this kind of cell death, nuclei do not undergo structural change before lysing
what intracellular organelle should predominate in a steroidogenic cell, such as the corpus luteum?
smooth ER (difficult to see by LM
tiny whitish circles inside steroidogenic cells are probably
fat globules for steroidogenesis
phases of mitosis (& not mitosis)
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, (interphase)
anything contained within the cell cytoplasm (usually for structures without a more specific name)