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Flashcards in 2.2 lab - cellular pathology Deck (24)
1

what kind of glands have epithelia?

all of them

2

increase in cell size is called

hypertrophy

3

decrease in cell size is called

atrophy

4

increase in cell number is called

hyperplasia

5

abnormal cell growth is called

displasia

6

hyperplasia and hypertrophy are characteristic of the endometrium in which phases of the menstrual cycle?

proliferative and secretory

7

lateral saculations develop in the endometrium in this phase of the menstrual cycle

secretory phase (lateral saculations are folds that increase the surface area of glands)

8

leukocytic infiltration of connective tissue and hypertrophic vasculature are signs of __

inflammation

9

what does the term "ulcer" refer to?

a compromise in the integrity of epithelium

10

in what phase of the menstrual cycle should inflammation of the endometrium be evident?

menstrual phase

11

hypertrophy of an ovarian follicle involves ___ of the oocyte and ___ of the granulosa cells

-hypertrophy of the oocyte
-hyperplasia of the granulosa cells

12

space in an ovarian follicle is occupied by

liquor folliculi

13

an "atretic" follicle is...

undergoing apoptosis

14

cellular apoptosis in an ovarian follicle is referred to as __

atresia

15

generally speaking, "atresia" signifies...

the "closure" of an orifice, or follicle

16

What are 3 hints that an ovarian follicle is undergoing apoptosis?

-nuclei are darker and more condensed, perhaps pyknotic (breaking up into smaller pixels)
-debris from broken cells is evident
-the basement membrane surrounding the cell is breaking up to expose follicle to immune system (later stages)

17

pathological cell death is called

necrosis

18

necrosis is...

pathological cell death

19

in this kind of cell death, nuclei do not undergo structural change before lysing

necrosis

20

what intracellular organelle should predominate in a steroidogenic cell, such as the corpus luteum?

smooth ER (difficult to see by LM

21

tiny whitish circles inside steroidogenic cells are probably

fat globules for steroidogenesis

22

phases of mitosis (& not mitosis)

prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, (interphase)

23

inclusion

anything contained within the cell cytoplasm (usually for structures without a more specific name)

24

lateral saculations

folds (e.g. in the uterus, in the intestines) that form glands of increased epithelial surface area