2.3 Lower Limbs - Muscle and Fascia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.3 Lower Limbs - Muscle and Fascia Deck (53):
1

The gluteal fascia covers the

Gluteus medius muscle

2

Encloses the large thigh muscles

Fascia Lata

3

The femoral triangle is formed by

Inguinal ligament
Adductor longusSartorius

4

The femoral triangle contains the

Deep inguinal lymph nodes
Femoral vein
Femoral artery
Femoral nerve

5

The femoral sheath encloses the

Femoral vessels

6

Is the thickened lateral part of fascia lata

Iliotibial tract

7

Also the deep fascia of the leg

Crural fascia

8

Largest part of the pelvic girle

Ilium

9

Extension and lateral rotation of the thigh
Strongest extensor of the hop

Gluteus maximus

10

Supplies the gluteus minimus and medius

Superior gluteal artery

11

Abducts and stabilizes the thigh
Medially rotates the thigh

Gluteus medius and minimus

12

Innervates the tensor fasciae latae

Superior gluteal neurovascular bundle

13

Landmark of the gluteal regionpear-shaped

Piriformis

14

Occupe the gap between the piriformis and the quadratus femoris muscle

Triceps coxae

15

Rectangular muscle, short, flat, located inferior to the obturator internus and gemelli;
Strong lateral rotator of the thigh

Quadratus femoris

16

Aponeurotic attachment for thigh adductors

Linea Aspera

17

Most powerful hip flexor with the longest range
Attached to the vertebral column; pelvis, and femur
Resists hyperextension of the hip joint

ILIOPSOAS (Iliacus and psoas muscle)

18

Tailor's position
Muscle for the cross-legged position
Longest muscle of the body
Cross the hip and knee joint

Sartorius

19

Great extensor of the leg
Main bulk of the anterior thigh muscles

Quadriceps femoris

20

The kicking muscle
Only part of the quadriceps femoris that crosses the hip joint
Capable of flexing the thigh at hip joint and extending the lef at the knee joint

Rectus femoris

21

largest component of the quadriceps muscle

Vastus lateralis

22

Supplies all the adductor muscles except the hamstring part of the adductor magnus

Obturator nerve

23

Supplies the hamstring part of the abductor magnus

Tibial part of the sciatic nerve

24

Weakest member of the adductor group
Most mediual muscle of the thigh
Crosses both hip and knee joints

Gracilis

25

Blood supply of the thigh adductors

Obturator artery

26

Blood supply of the posterior thigh muscles

Perforating branches of the profunda femoris artery

27

Only muscle that stabilizes the knee joint

Quadriceps femoris

28

Ligament that is the continuation of the quadriceps femoris tendon
Anterior ligament of the knee

Patellar ligament

29

Receives the lateral and medial retinacula

Patellar ligament

30

Prevents hyperextension, abduction, and adduction of the knee joint
Stronger of the two collateral ligaments

Lateral/fibular collateral ligament

31

ligament firmly attached to the edge of medial meniscus
Commonly injured in contact sports

Medial/tibial collateral ligament

32

Main bond between femur and tibia throughout the joints' range of motion

Cruciate ligaments

33

Prevents posterior displacement of the femur on the tibia
Most frequently injured ligament

ACL

34

Prevents anterior displacement of the femur on the tibia

PCL

35

C shaped meniscus of the knee joint

Medial meniscus

36

O shaped meniscus of the knee joint

Lateral meniscus

37

Strongest dorsiflexor and inverter of the foot

Tibialis anterior

38

Everts and dorsiflexes the foot

Peronius tertius

39

Innervation of deep posterior leg compartment

Tibial nerve

40

Flexor of the knee joint from the deep posterior leg compartment

Popliteus muscle

41

Often injured during excessive inversion of plantar flexed foot

Anterior talofibular ligament

42

Blood supply of the ankle region

Malleolar branches of fibular artery andanterior and posterior tibular arteries

43

Nerve supply of sole

Lateral and medial plantar nerve

44

Abducts and flexes the 1st digit

Abductor hallucis

45

Nerve supply of abductor hallucis

Medial plantar nerve

46

Flexes the lateral four digits of the foot

Flexor digitorum brevis

47

Nerve supply of flexor digitorum brevis

Medial plantar nerve

48

Abducts and flexes the 5th digit

Abductor digiti minimi

49

Nerve supply of the abductor digiti minimi

Lateral plantar nerve

50

Assists in flexing lateral 4 digits of the foot

Quadrates plantae

51

Flexes proximal phalanx of first digit of foot

Flexor hallucis brevis

52

Nerve supply of the anterior thigh except pectineus

Femoral nerve

53

Nerve supply of the pectineus

Obturator and femoral nerve