5.4 Female Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5.4 Female Reproductive System Deck (35):
0

Collective term that refers to the external genitalia and its structures

Vulva or pudenda

1

External female genitalia which protects the clitoris, urethral orifice and vaginal orifice; filled with loose subcutaneous tissue containing smooth muscle; termination of round ligament of uterus

Labia majora

2

External genitalia with rounded folds of fat free hairless skin; surrounds and encloses the vestibule

Labia minora

3

An erectile organ of the female genitalia located where the labia minora meet anteriorly;

Clitoris

4

Most highly innervated part of the clitoris

Glans of the clitoris

5

Sole function of the clitoris

Organ of sexual arousal

6

The space surrounded by the labia minora into which the orifices of the urethrea and the vagina and the ducts of the greater and lesser vestibular glands open

Vestibule

7

Vestibular gland posterolateral to vaginal orifice which secretes mucus into the vestibule during sexual arousal

Bartholin's glands

8

Female superficial perineal muscles include ___. These muscles are all affected during episiotomy.

Superficial transverse perineal ms.
Ischiocavernosus ms.
Bulbospongiosus ms.

9

Superfical perineal muscle which maintains erection of clitoris by compressing the outflow veins and pushing blood to the body of the clitoris

Ischiocavernosus ms.

10

Superficial perineal muscle which supports and fixes the perineal body and acts as the sphincter to the vagina and assists in the erection of clitoris

Bulbospongiosus ms.

11

Branches of the internal iliac artery

I Love Going Places In My Very Own Underwear

Iliolumbar
Lateral sacral
Gluteal (superior and inferior)
Pudendal (internal)
Inferior vesical / uterine
Middle rectal
Vaginal
Obturator
Umbilical

12

Branches of internal pudendal artery

IPPADD
Inferior rectal : anal canal, sphincter, perineal skin
Perineal a.: sup. transverse perineal ms. And vestibule
Posterior labial/scrotal branches
Artery of the penis or bulb of vestibule
Dorsal artery of clitoris/penis
Deep artery of penis/clitoris

13

This ovarian ligament is a remnant of the superior part of the ovarian gubernaculum of the fetus

Infundibulopelvic ligament

14

Usual site of fertilization

Fallopian tubes

15

The widest and longest part of the fallopian tube

Ampulla

16

The ovarian artery is a dirext branch of the __ and crosses over the __ vessels

Direct branch of the aorta
Crosses the external iliac vessels

17

The uterus is anteverted in relation to the __ and anteflexed in relation to the __

Anteverted in relation to the vagina
Anteflexed in relation to the cervix

18

A type of uterine displacement that occurs when the fundus and the body are bent backward on the vagina so that they lie on the rectouterine pouch.

Retroversion

19

Uterine displacement that occurs when the body if the uterus bends against the cervix

Retroflexion

20

Uterine displacement that occurs when the body of the uterus bends forward on the cervix. Give a common complication of this type of displacement.

Anteflexion.
Urination.

21

Part of the uterus where the uterine vessels insert

Isthmus of the uterus

22

Ligament of the uterus which originate below and anterior to the origin of he fallopian tube; helps keep the uterus anteverted and anteflexed; hypertrophis during pregnancy to give stability to the uterus

Round ligament (ligamentun teres) of the uterus

23

A branch of the uterine artery which runs along the round ligament of the uterus

Sampson artery

24

A ligament of the uterus which double-layered, extends from the sides to the lateral walls and floor of the pelvis; Does not include the cervix

Broad ligament / peritoneal ligament

25

The broad ligament is prolonged superiorly over the vessels as the ___

Suspensory ligament of the ovary

26

Structures within the broad ligament

Uteine tubes
Uterine and ovarian blood vessels, nerves and lymphatics

27

3 main parts of the broad ligament and their main contents

Mesosalpinx- uterine / fallopian tubes
Mesovarium- ovary
Mesonetrium-uterus; largest part

28

Ligament that is aka the suspensory ligament of the ovary, contains ovarian vessels, and is cut during oophorectomy

Infundibulopelvic ligament

29

Ligament which serves as the main support of the uterus. When this is damaged, the uterus prolapses.

Transverse cervical / cardinal ligament

30

Blood supply of the uterus and branches

Uterine artery.
Branches:
Cervicovaginal branch: lower cervix and upper vagina
Main uterine br.: ascends and gives off tubal, fundal, and ovarian branch
Arcuate arteries: gives off radial arteries to the myometrium
Radial aa.: divide into straight and spiral aa.
Descending branch: vagina and cervix

31

Nerve supply of the uterus

Inferior hypogastric plexus
Sympathetic: lumbar splanchnic n.
Parasympathetic: plevic splanchnic n.

32

Arterial supply of vagina

Superior part: uterine aa.
Middle and inferior part: vaginal and pudendal aa.

33

Venous drainage of vagina

Vaginal venous plexus--> uterine vein--> internal iliac veins

34

Innervation of vagina

Upper and middle 1/3: uterovaginal plexus
Lower 1/3: deep perineal nerve from pudendal nerve