Flashcards in 5.4 Female Reproductive System Deck (35):
Collective term that refers to the external genitalia and its structures
Vulva or pudenda
External female genitalia which protects the clitoris, urethral orifice and vaginal orifice; filled with loose subcutaneous tissue containing smooth muscle; termination of round ligament of uterus
External genitalia with rounded folds of fat free hairless skin; surrounds and encloses the vestibule
An erectile organ of the female genitalia located where the labia minora meet anteriorly;
Most highly innervated part of the clitoris
Glans of the clitoris
Sole function of the clitoris
Organ of sexual arousal
The space surrounded by the labia minora into which the orifices of the urethrea and the vagina and the ducts of the greater and lesser vestibular glands open
Vestibular gland posterolateral to vaginal orifice which secretes mucus into the vestibule during sexual arousal
Female superficial perineal muscles include ___. These muscles are all affected during episiotomy.
Superficial transverse perineal ms.
Superfical perineal muscle which maintains erection of clitoris by compressing the outflow veins and pushing blood to the body of the clitoris
Superficial perineal muscle which supports and fixes the perineal body and acts as the sphincter to the vagina and assists in the erection of clitoris
Branches of the internal iliac artery
I Love Going Places In My Very Own Underwear
Gluteal (superior and inferior)
Inferior vesical / uterine
Branches of internal pudendal artery
Inferior rectal : anal canal, sphincter, perineal skin
Perineal a.: sup. transverse perineal ms. And vestibule
Posterior labial/scrotal branches
Artery of the penis or bulb of vestibule
Dorsal artery of clitoris/penis
Deep artery of penis/clitoris
This ovarian ligament is a remnant of the superior part of the ovarian gubernaculum of the fetus
Usual site of fertilization
The widest and longest part of the fallopian tube
The ovarian artery is a dirext branch of the __ and crosses over the __ vessels
Direct branch of the aorta
Crosses the external iliac vessels
The uterus is anteverted in relation to the __ and anteflexed in relation to the __
Anteverted in relation to the vagina
Anteflexed in relation to the cervix
A type of uterine displacement that occurs when the fundus and the body are bent backward on the vagina so that they lie on the rectouterine pouch.
Uterine displacement that occurs when the body if the uterus bends against the cervix
Uterine displacement that occurs when the body of the uterus bends forward on the cervix. Give a common complication of this type of displacement.
Part of the uterus where the uterine vessels insert
Isthmus of the uterus
Ligament of the uterus which originate below and anterior to the origin of he fallopian tube; helps keep the uterus anteverted and anteflexed; hypertrophis during pregnancy to give stability to the uterus
Round ligament (ligamentun teres) of the uterus
A branch of the uterine artery which runs along the round ligament of the uterus
A ligament of the uterus which double-layered, extends from the sides to the lateral walls and floor of the pelvis; Does not include the cervix
Broad ligament / peritoneal ligament
The broad ligament is prolonged superiorly over the vessels as the ___
Suspensory ligament of the ovary
Structures within the broad ligament
Uterine and ovarian blood vessels, nerves and lymphatics
3 main parts of the broad ligament and their main contents
Mesosalpinx- uterine / fallopian tubes
Mesonetrium-uterus; largest part
Ligament that is aka the suspensory ligament of the ovary, contains ovarian vessels, and is cut during oophorectomy
Ligament which serves as the main support of the uterus. When this is damaged, the uterus prolapses.
Transverse cervical / cardinal ligament
Blood supply of the uterus and branches
Cervicovaginal branch: lower cervix and upper vagina
Main uterine br.: ascends and gives off tubal, fundal, and ovarian branch
Arcuate arteries: gives off radial arteries to the myometrium
Radial aa.: divide into straight and spiral aa.
Descending branch: vagina and cervix
Nerve supply of the uterus
Inferior hypogastric plexus
Sympathetic: lumbar splanchnic n.
Parasympathetic: plevic splanchnic n.
Arterial supply of vagina
Superior part: uterine aa.
Middle and inferior part: vaginal and pudendal aa.
Venous drainage of vagina
Vaginal venous plexus--> uterine vein--> internal iliac veins