2.2 Blood Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.2 Blood Deck (20):
1

Blood pH

7.35 - 7.40

2

Plasma protein which maintains colloidal osmotic pressure and transport certain insoluble metabolites

Albumin

3

Plasma protein which transport metal ions, bound lipids, and lipid soluble vitaminsAlso are antibodies for immune defense

Globulins

4

Plasma proteins which function in the formation of fibrin threads

Clotting proteins (prothrombin, fibrinogen, accelerator globulin)

5

Major and most abundant plasma protein; but smallest in size
Carrier protein for hormones, metabolites, and drugs

Albumin

6

Energy source of RBCs

Glycolysis and hexose monophosphate shunt pathway

7

Main protein resposible for shape of the erythrocyte

Spectrin

8

Peripheral protein which anchors preipheral membrane proteins to lipid bulayer

Ankyrin

9

Contain specific carbohydrate chains which are important determinants of blood groupings

Glycosylated proteins

10

Appears as stacked RBCs
Usually seen in thick smearscauses increased ESR

Rouleaux formation

11

Physiologic adaptation of individuals living at high altitudes due to decreased oxygen tension

Polycythemia

12

Leads to larger than normal RBCs

lack of vit B12

13

Leads to smaller than usual RBCs

Lack of iron

14

Formed when carbon monoxide is inhaled, causing a loss in the ability of blood to combine with oxygen

Corboxyhemoglobin

15

Elevated WBC in viral infections

Lymphocytees

16

Precursor to macrophages
Largest WBC

Monocytes

17

Normal hemoglobin count

120-140 g/L

18

Normal hematocrit count

37-47%

19

Normal RBC count

4.45 x 10^12/L

20

Normal WBC count

5-10 x 10^9/L