Flashcards in 24 a history Deck (10):
why did the independent greek cities of athens and sparta decide to become allies?
they were both afraid of the growing persian empire, and expected to be invaded soon
what did the greeks do to the persian messenger who told them they must submit to the persian king or be conquered?
they killed the messenger by throwing him down a well
what did persia king do when the greek cities refused to submit to his empire?
he attacked greece
where did the first major battle of the persian war occur?
marathon (a city in greece, near athens)
who won the battle of marathon?
what happened to the greek messenger who ran from marathon to athens to deliver the news that the athenians had beaten back the persians?
he died of exhaustion
how far is athens from marathon?
a little over 26 miles...the length of the long-distance race we now call the "marathon"
what was the last battle between the greeks and the persians?
the battle of salamis
who won the battle of salamis, and what did it mean for greece?
greece won the battle of salamis, and so remained independent of the persian empire