25. OPNAVINST 3500.39C Operational Risk Management (ORM) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 25. OPNAVINST 3500.39C Operational Risk Management (ORM) Deck (39)
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1
Q

This is a decision making tool used by personnel at all levels
to increase effectiveness by identifying, assessing, and managing
risks.

A

ORM

2
Q

RM is defined as what?

A

Risk Management

3
Q

What are the 4 principles that provide the foundation of RM?

A
  1. Accept Risk when Benefits outweigh the Costs
  2. Accept NO unnecessary risk
  3. Anticipate and manage risk by planning
  4. Make risk decisions at the right level
4
Q

The RM process is applied on what 3 levels?

A
  1. In-depth
  2. Deliberate
  3. Time Critical
5
Q

Examples of application of ORM at the in-depth level include:

A. long term planning of complex or contingency operations;
B. technical standards and system hazard management applied in engineering
design during acquisition and introduction of new equipment and systems;
C. major system overhaul or repair.
D. all of the above

A

D. all of the above

6
Q

At this level, the planning primarily uses experienced personnel and brainstorming and is most effective when done in a group.

A

Deliberate

7
Q

At this level, an on-the-run mental or verbal assessment of the new or changed/changing situation is the best one can do.

A

Time Critical

8
Q

What model has the Navy adopted to replace the 5-Step process during Time Critical levels of RM?

A

ABCD

9
Q

What are the 5 steps in the ORM process?

A

(1) Identify the hazards;
(2) Assess the hazards;
(3) Make risk decisions;
(4) Implement controls; and
(5) Supervise.

I-A-D-C-S

10
Q

Simply stated, the 5 steps can be summarized as 2 for Assessment and 3 for execution. What are these steps?

A

2 Assessment = Identify & Assess

3 Execution = Decision, Controls, Supervise

11
Q

What are the 2 methods for documenting the ORM process?

A

TRACS & Community Hazard Tracking databases

12
Q

This step is the foundation of the RM process and should be allotted a larger portion of time than the other steps.

A

STEP 1 - Identify Hazards

13
Q

What 3 basic steps are included in STEP 1: Identifying Hazards?

A

Analyze Mission
List the Hazards
Determine Hazard root cause

14
Q

In this step of the ORM process, degree of risk is determined in terms of probability and severity for each identified hazard.

A

STEP 2: Assess Hazards

15
Q

How many categories of Severity are there?

A

4 (I, II, III, IV)

16
Q

Identify the Severity Category for the following:

Minor Damage to Equipment, systems, property, or the environment

A

III

17
Q

Identify the Severity Category for the following:

Mission-critical security failure

A

I

18
Q

Identify the Severity Category for the following:

Slight equipment or systems damage, but fully functional and serviceable

A

IV

19
Q

Identify the Severity Category for the following:

Death or permanent total disability

A

I

20
Q

Identify the Severity Category for the following:

Significantly degraded mission

A

II

21
Q

Identify the Severity Category for the following:

Minor injury or illness

A

III

22
Q

Identify the Severity Category for the following:

Minimal threat to personnel, safety, or health

A

IV

23
Q

Identify the Severity Category for the following:

Permanent partial disability or severe injury or illness

A

II

24
Q

This is an assessment of the likelihood

that a potential consequence may occur as a result of a hazard

A

Probability

25
Q

Probability categories are assigned letters. What are they and how could you easily describe the category?

A
A = Likely to occur
B = Probably will occur
C = May occur in time
D = Unlikely to occur
26
Q

Combining the Severity (I, II, III, IV) with the Probability (A, B, C, D) in the Risk Assessment matrix produces what code?

A

RAC = Risk Assessment Code

27
Q

What is the RAC?

A

Single arabic numeral showing level of risk for each hazard

28
Q

T/F: It is important to consider less severe consequences of a hazard if they are more
likely than the worst credible consequence, since this combination may actually present a greater overall risk.

A

TRUE

29
Q

Define the RAC’s.

A
1 = Critical
2 = Serious
3 = Moderate
4 = Minor
5 = Negligible
30
Q

Define this pitfall: Over Optimism

A

Not being totally honest or not looking for root causes.

31
Q

Define this pitfall: Misrepresentation

A

Individual perspective may distort the data.

32
Q

Define this pitfall: Alarmism

A

“The sky is falling” or “worst case” estimates are used regardless of their possibility.

33
Q

Define this pitfall: Indiscrimination

A

All data is given equal weight

34
Q

Define this pitfall: Prejudice

A

Subjective or hidden agendas are used vice facts

35
Q

Define this pitfall: Inaccuracy

A

Bad or misunderstood data nullify accurate risk assessment.

36
Q

Define this pitfall: Enumeration

A

Difficulty in assigning a numerical value to human behavior.

37
Q

What are the criteria for effective controls?

A
Suitability
Feasibility
Acceptability
Explicitness
Support
Standards
Training
Leadership
Individual
38
Q

Numerous Control Options include:

A
REJECT the risk
AVOID the risk
DELAY an action
TRANSFER the risk
COMPENSATE FOR the risk
39
Q

What are the three different types of controls?

A

ENGINEERING
ADMINISTRATIVE
PHYSICAL