28- dev delay Flashcards Preview

Pediatrics > 28- dev delay > Flashcards

Flashcards in 28- dev delay Deck (14):
1

calculating corrected age in premie

Subtract gestational weeks of a premature infant from the average gestational period of 40 weeks.
Subtract the result from the chronological age to obtain the "corrected age."

2

what age do kids walk normally heel toe

3 years

3

when does pedal arch develop

within first 8 years

4

if kid prefers not to sit could mean...

abnormally tight muscles, possibly due to neuromuscular disorder

5

handedness develops when

18-24 months

if before, signals weakness

6

when do kids imitate adults

18 months

7

Can distinguish mother's voice from another woman's voice. versus father

7 days mom

2 weeks dad

8

when do you screen for autism

18 and 24 mo

9

what disease can affect development

A. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
B. Retinopathy of prematurity
C. Hyperbilirubinemia
D. Periventricular leukomalacia

10

Examples of development changes in response to stress

For toddlers, temper tantrums, sleep disturbances and refusal to eat are common adaptations.
Language acquisition may be slowed during periods of stress.
During hospitalization (an extreme form of stress) children may develop increased dependency, enuresis or encopresis.
If a child has recently gained motor milestones and is ill, the achievements may be temporarily lost.

11

risk factors for cerebral palsy

A. Perinatal asphyxia
B. Chorioamnionitis
**C. Prematurity
D. Intrauterine growth retardation

12

evals for CP

MRI
vision
hearing
formal dev. eval

13

retinopathy of prematurity

extraretinal fibrovascular proliferation and, in severe cases, may cause retinal detachment and blindness.

50% of infants weighing less than 1200 g develop ROP.

14

Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL)

damage to the white matter surrounding the ventricles in the brain as a result of hypoxia, ischemia, and inflammation.

correlated with intraventricular hemorrhage and CP