3.2 The components of fitness, benefits for sport and how fitness is measured and improved Flashcards Preview

SHHS - GCSE PE Unit 1 > 3.2 The components of fitness, benefits for sport and how fitness is measured and improved > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.2 The components of fitness, benefits for sport and how fitness is measured and improved Deck (32)
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1

Define cardiovascular fitness

The ability to exercise the whole body for a long period of time. It is how well the body can supply oxygen to the working muscles and remove carbon dioxide

2

Define muscular strength

The maximum force a muscle or group of muscles can exert

3

Define muscular endurance

The ability to use the same muscle or group of muscles repeatedly without getting tired

4

Define flexibility

The range of movement possible a joint

5

Define body composition

The percentage of the body that is muscle, fat or bone

6

Name three sports where cardiovascular fitness is very important

Marathon running
Long distance cycling
Long distance swimming
Football
Hockey

7

Name three sports where muscular endurance is very important

Long distance cycling
Long distance swimming
Long distance rowing

8

Name three sports or moments in a sport where muscular strength is important

Tackle in rugby
Weight lifting
Holding a handstand in gymnastics

9

Name three sports or moments in a sport where flexibility is important

Performing the splits in gymnastics
Lunging to return the shuttle in badminton
Going over a hurdle in athletics

10

Name three sports where a person's body composition is important

Endurance running - low body fat, light so less weight to carry
Sumo wrestling - high percentage of body fat
100m sprinter - high levels of muscle to generate high speed

11

Define agility

The ability to change direction quickly and with control

12

Define Balance

Being able to keep the body still at rest (static) or whilst moving (dynamic)

13

Define coordination

The ability to use tow or more body parts together

14

Define power

The ability to undertake strength performance quickly

15

Define reaction time

The time between the presentation of a stimulus and the onset of movement

16

Define speed

The rate at which an individual can perform a movement or cover a distance

17

Name three sports or moments in sports where agility is important

Rugby - running up the pitch with the ball and dodging the defender
Netball - getting away from the defender to receive the ball
Badminton - moving about the court to return the shuttle

18

Name three sports or moments in sports where balance is important

Netball - marking the player who is taking a shot
Basketball - not being pushed over by a defender when you have the ball and they are challenging you for it
Gymnastics - when performing a routine on the beam
Ruby - when being lift in the line out

19

Name three sports or moments in sports where coordination is important

Table tennis - hand eye coordination to be able to hit the ball
Football - foot eye coordination to be able to kick the ball
Trampolining - to be able to perform a skill such as swivel hips effectively

20

Name three sports or moments in sports where power is important

100m sprinting - pushing off blocks at the start of the race
Volleyball - to jump and play a shot
Long jump - when taking off

21

Name three sports or moments in sports where reaction time is important

Tennis - to react to where the ball is being played
Sprinting - to react to the starters gun
Football - goal keeper to react to save the shot at goal

22

Name three sports or moments in sports where speed is important

100m sprint - to complete the race as fast as possible
Hockey - to beat the defender to the ball
Long jump - to have a fat run up

23

Name the 2 fitness tests for cardiovascular fitness

Cooper 12 minute run or swim
Harvard step test

24

Name the 2 fitness tests for muscular endurance

1 minute press up test
1 minute sit up test

25

Name the fitness test for flexibility

Sit and reach test

26

Name the fitness test for power

Vertical jump

27

Name the fitness test for agility

Illinois agility run

28

Name the fitness test for muscular strength

Hand grip dynamometer

29

Name the fitness test for speed

30m sprint

30

What do fitness tests allow?

1. Establish strengths and areas for improvement
2. Monitor progress
3. Give a goal or a target