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Flashcards in 5/14 Deck (74)
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1

How do people get hydatid cyts

Infection w/ echinococcus granulosos from "intimate contact with dogs"

2

Dysentary + RUQ pain and single cyst + Mexico

Entamoeba histolytic causing amebic liver abscess

3

Viral arthritis features

Symmetrical + Fever that goes away in 2 months
Can have ANA and RF +

4

When is arrest of labor is the first stage diagnosed

> 6cm dilation w/ ruptured membranes in the setting of no cervical change for .4 hours w/ adequate contractions OR
when no cervical change for >6 hours with inadequate contractions

5

What is pitocin for

Helping contraction strength

6

PCP cxr

Bilateral diffuse interstitial infiltrates beginning the in perihilar region

7

Triad of biliary cysts

1. Abdominal pain
2. Jaundice
3. RUQ palpable mass

8

What is peak airway pressure the sum of

Airway resistance and plateau pressure
(Plateau pressure is the sum of the elastic pressure and PEEP)

9

Amp + Gent has good synergism for what

Gram-neg aerobes (for abdominal infections in combo w/ metronidazole)

10

Lambert-Eaton occurs w/ what lung Ca

Small cell

11

Severe bipolar episode tx

Lithium or valproate + Atypical antipsychotic

12

What causes bowel ischemia post AAA repair

Inadequate colonic collateral arterial perfusion to the left and sigmoid colon after loss of IMA during aortic graft placement

13

MCC of urinary retention in older men

Bladder outlet obstruction du eto BPH

14

First step in workup of thyroid nodule

TSH and thyroid US

15

3 suspicious US features of thyroid nodules

1. Hypoechoic
2. Microcalcifications
3. Interval vascularity

16

MC brachial plexus injury in delivery

Erb-Duchennes (C5-C7)

17

Type of anemia Isoniazid causes

Sideroblastic

18

Empiric meningitis tx

Vanc + Third gen cef

19

What causes biliary stasis in TPN

Normal stimulus for CCK release and gallbladder contraction is absent (proteins and FA in duodenum)

20

Prevalence effect on PPV and NPV

Inc prevalence inc PPV and dec NPV (and opposite for dec prev effect)

21

Why is are the Ab in celiac disease often absent

Many celiac patients have selective IgA def

22

Drugs that can cause IIH

GH, Tetracyclines, and excessive vitamins A and its derivatives (isotretinoin, ATRA)

23

Two types of murmurs usually due to underlying pathologic cause

Diastolic and continuous

24

Triad of HHS

1. AMS
2. Volume depletion
3. Polyuria

25

How can thiazide diuretics precipitate HHS

Reducing intravascular volume, which decreases GFR and activates counter-regulatory hormones

26

MCC of LE edema

Venous valvular incompetence

27

What are lewy bodies

Eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions representing adulation of alpha-synuclein protein

28

Gluose-6-phosphatase def features

Doll like face, thin extremities, short stature, and protuberant abdomen

29

How does bronchiectasis present

Cough, mucopurent sputum, and hemoptysis that often responds to antibiotics

30

Next line for kids who pee at night when desmopressin doesn't work

TCAs (imipramine, amitriptyline, despramine)