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Flashcards in 5/7-5/8 Deck (86)
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1

HUS triad

Hemolytic anemia
Thrombocytopenia
Acute renal failure

2

HSP purpura

On legs and booty in setting of a normal platelet count

3

Embolic stroke presentation timing

Sudden onset with maximal symptoms at the beginning

4

Tx for appendix abscess

IV hydration, antibiotics and bowel rest w/ appendectomy later when abscess shrinks

5

MCC of isolated aortic stenosis in elderly patients

Age-dependent idiopathic sclerocalcific changes

6

Suspect atrophic vaginitis in what patients

Post-menopausal females with symptoms of vaginal dryness and dysuria

7

Atrophic vaginitis exam

Pale, dry vaginal mucosa
Diminished labial fat pad
Scarce pubic hair

8

US features of appendicitis

Non compression and dilation of the appendix

9

Part of the pee with blood specifics

1. Beginning - urethral
2. End - Bladder
3. All- w/in ureters or kidneys

10

Tx for lyme in pregnant and lactating patients

Amoxicillin

11

Acid-Base status effect on Calcium

Alkalosis - Inc. binding of Ca to albumin due to dissociation of H+ ions from albumin

12

Low risk pt's with solitary small lung mass criteria

13

Kawasaki tx

Aspirin and IVIG

14

What maternal cancers does breast feeding reduce the risk of

Breast and ovarian cancer

15

Vaginal discharge after delivery

1-3 days - lochia rub
3-4 days- pale loch serosa
Then white and called loci alba

16

Suspect what with any foul smelling d/c postpartum

Endometritis

17

DKA acid base

Metabolic acidosis w/ respiratory compensation

18

What is winters formula

PaCO2 = 1.5 (HCO3) + 8
Used to calculate expected PCO2 during respiratory compensation for metabolic acidosis

19

What is Kussmaul breathing

Deep and rapid breathing
Seen in DKA

20

Tx for small, non-bleeding varices

Propranolol, Nadolol (non-selective B blockers)

21

Abdominal pain, constipation, and polydipsia, and polyuria think OD of what

Vit D leasing to hypercalcemia

22

Acute bleeding due to liver failure best treated with

FFP

23

Pain of hip osteoarthritis

Felt in groin, buttock, or pelvis and can radiate to lower thigh or knee

24

Negative predictive value varies with

Pre-test probability of a disease --> high probability leads to lower NPV

25

Does does a vitreous hemorrhage present? MCC?

Sudden loss of vision and onset of floaters
MCC is diabetic retinopathy

26

MPPx for meniere's attack

Avoiding triggers than increase endolymphatic retention
void alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, and foods high in salt and fat

27

ABI higher than 1.3 suggestive of

Calcified and incompressible vessels

28

When are seizures seen in EtOH withdrawal

12-48 hours

29

What does high progesterone in pregnancy help with

To inhibit uterine contractions

30

Most common thyroid cancer

Papillary