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Flashcards in 5/2 Deck (112)
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1

Adjustment disorder timing

Within 3 months of stressor

2

Rubin-Johnson high level of what

High levels of coproporphyrin I

3

Atelectasis blood gas

Hypoxemia
Hypocapnia
Respiratory alkalosis

4

Adenomyosis def

Presence of endometrial glands in uterine muscle
*boggy and symmetrically enlarged*

5

Earliest vaso-occlusive manifestation in SS

Dactylitis

6

B-HCG level to see intrauterine pregnancy

1,500-2000

7

Uremic pericarditis features? tx?

-When BUN >60
-EKG won't look like other causes due to lack of inflammation
-Tx is dialysis

8

What causes anemia of pre-maturity? labs?

Diminished Epo levels, shortened RBC life span, and blood loss
-Labs will show decreased hgb and hct w/ relatively low retic count

9

Small HPV lesions tx

Trichloroacetic act or podophyllin

10

Best frostbite tx

Rapid re-warming with warm water
*don't debride tissue initially*

11

MCC of gross lower GI bleeding in adults

Diverticulosis

12

Diverticulosis vs Angiodysplasia

Diverticulosis: high volume arterial bleeding, more common
Angiodysplasia: low volume venous bleeding

13

DMD gen location

Deletion of dystrophin gene on Xp21

14

Craniopharyngioma path

Nests of squamous cells in a loose stroma (looks like embryonic tooth bud enamel)

15

Think what with proximal muscle weakness + inc ESR and CK

Polymyositis or dermatomyositis

16

Fibromyalgia physical exam

Point muscle tenderness in mid trapezius, lateral epicondyle, chostochondral junction in chest, and greater trochanter

17

HSV encephalitis dx

Viral DNA PCR in the CSF

18

Colonoscopy schedule in UC

-Begin 8 years post diagnosis (12-25 if dz only in left colon)
-Colonoscopy with biopsy every 1-2 years

19

FAP colonoscopy schedule

Begin at age 10-12
Colonoscopy every year

20

LAD features

Delayed umbilical chord separation, recurrent skin and mucosal bacterial infections (w/ purulence) and server PERIODONTAL dz

21

GD features

-Infections from catalase pos organisms (S. aureus, serratia, burkholderia)
-Neg nitroblue tetrazolium test
-NO neutrophillia

22

Dermatitis herpetiformis treatment

Dapsone and gluten-free diet
*will see on extensor surfaces*

23

CMV vs Cryptosporidium diarrhea in AIDS pts

Crypto: Severe watery diarrhea
CMV: Frequent, small volume w/ hematocheiza and abdominal pain

24

Key feature of MAC diarrhea in AIDS pt

High Fever (> 39 C or 102.2 F)

25

Diffuse axonal injury CT scan

Numerous minute punctate hemorrhages with blurring of grey-white interface

26

PD tremor frequency

4-6 Hz (look for asymmetry and associated rigidity)

27

Drug for young PD with mainly tremor

Trihexyphenidyl (anticholinergic)

28

What is Lamivudine

Reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV and Chronic Hep B

29

what is a pericardial knock

Mid-diastolic sound

30

Patients > 35 with gross hematuria workup

CT urogram and cystoscopy