5: Anatomy of the pituitary gland Flashcards Preview

Endocrine Week 1 2017/18 > 5: Anatomy of the pituitary gland > Flashcards

Flashcards in 5: Anatomy of the pituitary gland Deck (71)
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1

What are the two endocrine glands found in the cranial cavity?

Hypothalamus

Pituitary gland

2

What are the five endocrine glands found in the neck?

Thyroid gland

4 parathyroid glands

3

What are the three endocrine glands found in the abdomen?

Pancreas

2 adrenal glands

4

What are the endocrine glands found exclusively in

a) males

b) females?

a) 2 testes

b) 2 ovaries

5

Is the pancreas intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal?

Retroperitoneal

6

The brain is split into two left and right ___.

hemispheres

7

What is the most superior part of the brain called?

Cerebrum

8

What is the purpose of the cerebrum?

Controls conscious thought

9

What are the folds in the brain called?

Gyri

(gyrus)

10

What are the grooves on the surface of the brain called?

Sulci

(sulcus)

11

What part of brain is inferior to the cerebrum and posterior to the spinal cord?

Cerebellum

12

What is the purpose of the cerebellum?

Controls voluntary movement

13

What general structure is found at the top of the brainstem?

Diencephalon

14

What does the diencephalon contain?

Thalamus

Hypothalamus

15

The diencephalon is found at the core of the (hypothalamus / cerebrum / cerebellum).

cerebrum

16

The hypothalamus is found (anterior / posteriorto the thalamus.

anterior

T H

17

The thalamus is found (anterior / posterior) to the hypothalamus.

posterior

T H

18

From superior to inferior, what are the three parts of the brainstem?

Midbrain

Pons

Medulla oblongata

19

What is found superior and inferior to the brainstem?

Superior - diencephalon, cerebrum

Inferior - spinal cord

20

Where is the pituitary gland found in relation to the hypothalamus?

Inferior

21

What connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus?

Infundibulum

22

The pituitary gland is made up of ___ and ___ segments.

anterior and posterior

23

What bones make up the

a) anterior cranial fossa

b) middle cranial fossa

c) posterior cranial fossa?

a) Frontal bone, ethmoid bone

b) Sphenoid bone, temporal bones

c) Occipital bone

(Parietal bones make up the walls of middle and posterior fossae)

24

Which cranial fossa is the pituitary gland found in?

Middle cranial fossa

25

Which hole does the pituitary gland sit in?

Pituitary fossa

26

The pituitary fossa sits in a larger recess called the ___ ___.

sella turcica

27

What specific part of the ethmoid bone is found in the anterior cranial fossa?

Cribriform plate

28

Which cranial nerves are involved in the visual pathway?

Left and right optic nerves (CN II)

29

Which cranial nerve is responsible for vision?

Optic nerve - CN II

30

Which cranial nerves are responsible for eye movements?

CN III, IV and VI

Oculomotor, Trochlear and Abducent nerves