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What is endocrinology?
Medical specialty associated with internal / hormonal secretions and their physiological and pathological effects
Endocrinology is all about glands and ___.
What is a hormone?
A chemical messenger, produced by an organ, which is released into the blood and transported to distal tissues to cause a response
c) intracrine hormones?
a) Paracrine - communication between adjacent cells
b) Autocrine - communication with the same cell
c) Intracrine - communication within the same cell
The symptoms of endocrine diseases are caused by hormone ___ or hormone ___.
Apart from hormone excess and deficiency, larger endocrine tumours may exert ___ on organs, causing symptoms of disease.
What sort of tests are carried out for suspected
a) deficiency disease
b) excess disease?
a) Suspected deficiency - stimulation test
b) Suspected excess - suppression test
What are the three basic types of hormone?
Which endocrine glands are at "the top of the chain" when it comes to stimulating other glands?
produce hormones which influence other endocrine glands and target tissues
Most endocrine glands are regulated by which feedback mechanism?
In some endocrine diseases, the ___ of the target cells to hormone may change.
What are the two broad types of endocrine tumour?
Functioning - causing hypersecretion of hormone
Non-functioning - destroys gland leading to hyposecretion of hormone
A lot of endocrine diseases have a ___ component.