Which parts of the respiratory tract is the thyroid gland closely associated with?
Which general part of the body is the thyroid gland found in?
What are the three parts of the thyroid gland found in all people?
Left and right lateral lobes
What are the three cartilages found in the anterior neck?
The isthmus lies anterior to which tracheal "rings"?
2nd and 3rd
An enlarged thyroid will move ___ then ___ during swallowing.
(inferiorly , superiorly)
superiorly then inferiorly
What is an abnormal swelling of the thyroid gland called?
Which cartilage is found in the posterior larynx?
Where exactly are the parathyroid glands found?
Posterior surface of lateral lobes
What is a common variant structure of the thyroid gland?
Where is it found?
Which bone may it connect to?
Anterior surface of larynx, midline extending upwards from isthmus to thyroid cartilage
Where generally does the thyroid gland originate during embryological development?
During development, the thyroid gland is found between the __ 2/3rds and __ 1/3rd of tongue.
What is this junction called?
What hole is found in the junction?
anterior 2/3rds, posterior 1/3rd
During development, the thyroid gland migrates inferiorly through what?
What can form if remnants of thyroid tissue remain in the thyroglossal duct?
Just as in the upper and lower limbs, the neck has ___ containing different structures.
What superficial muscles are found in the outer layer of neck skin?
Platysma are muscles of ___ ___ and are therefore innervated by CN __.
CN VII - facial nerve
Apart from the platysma muscles, what are two other muscles of facial expression?
there are literally millions
The neck has four fascial compartments - what are they called?
The investing fascia is most superficial and surrounds all the other fascial compartments of the neck.
Which two pairs of muscles are found in the investing fascia?
What is found in the prevertebral fascia?
Postural neck muscles
Which structures are found in the carotid sheathes?
Common then Internal carotid arteries
Internal jugular veins
Deep cervical lymph nodes
What five structures are found within the pretracheal fascia?
Recurrent laryngeal nerves (branches of the vagus nerve)
Which nerve supplies the muscles of the investing fascia (trapezius and sternocleidomastoid)?
CN XI - spinal accessory nerve
The SCM has two heads - what are they called?
Which part of the sternum does the SCM attach to?
The clavicular head of the SCM attaches to the (medial / lateral) end of the clavicle.
What is the superior attachment of the SCM?
Mastoid process of the temporal bone
What does the trapezius attach to inferiorly?
Spine of scapula
Lateral end of clavicle
What are the three jugular veins found in the neck?