5000 English Vocabulary Words - Sheet4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5000 English Vocabulary Words - Sheet4 Deck (500):
1

effectual adj

Efficient

2

effeminacy n

Womanishness

3

effeminate adj

Having womanish traits or qualities

4

effervesce v

To bubble up

5

effervescent adj

Giving off bubbles of gas

6

effete adj

Exhausted, as having performed its functions

7

efficacious adj

Effective

8

efficacy n

The power to produce an intended effect as shown in the production of it

9

efficiency n

The state of possessing adequate skill or knowledge for the performance of a duty

10

efficient adj

Having and exercising the power to produce effects or results

11

efflorescence n

The state of being flowery, or a flowery appearance

12

efflorescent adj

Opening in flower

13

effluvium n

A noxious or ill-smelling exhalation from decaying or putrefying matter

14

effrontery n

Unblushing impudence

15

effulgence n

Splendor

16

effuse v

To pour forth

17

effusion n

an outpouring

18

egoism n

The theory that places man's chief good in the completeness of self

19

egoist n

One who advocates or practices egoism

20

egotism n

Self-conceit

21

egotist n

One given to self-mention or who is constantly telling of his own views and experiences

22

egregious adj

Extreme

23

egress n

Any place of exit

24

eject v

To expel

25

elapse v

To quietly terminate: said of time

26

elasticity n

That property of matter by which a body tends to return to a former shape after being changed

27

electrolysis n

The process of decomposing a chemical compound by the passage of an electric current

28

electrotype n

A metallic copy of any surface, as a coin

29

elegy n

A lyric poem lamenting the dead

30

element n

A component or essential part

31

elicit v

To educe or extract gradually or without violence

32

eligible adj

Qualified for selection

33

eliminate v

To separate and cast aside

34

Elizabethan adj

Relating to Elizabeth, queen of England, or to her era

35

elocution n

The art of correct intonation, inflection, and gesture in public speaking or reading

36

eloquent adj

Having the ability to express emotion or feeling in lofty and impassioned speech

37

elucidate v

To bring out more clearly the facts concerning

38

elude v

To evade the search or pursuit of by dexterity or artifice

39

elusion n

Evasion

40

emaciate v

To waste away in flesh

41

emanate v

To flow forth or proceed, as from some source

42

emancipate v

To release from bondage

43

embargo n

Authoritative stoppage of foreign commerce or of any special trade

44

embark v

To make a beginning in some occupation or scheme

45

embarrass v

To render flustered or agitated

46

embellish v

To make beautiful or elegant by adding attractive or ornamental features

47

embezzle v

To misappropriate secretly

48

emblazon v

To set forth publicly or in glowing terms

49

emblem n

A symbol

50

embody v

To express, formulate, or exemplify in a concrete, compact or visible form

51

embolden v

To give courage to

52

embolism n

An obstruction or plugging up of an artery or other blood-vessel

53

embroil v

To involve in dissension or strife

54

emerge v

To come into view or into existence

55

emergence n

A coming into view

56

emergent adj

Coming into view

57

emeritus adj

Retired from active service but retained to an honorary position

58

emigrant n

One who moves from one place to settle in another

59

emigrate v

To go from one country, state, or region for the purpose of settling or residing in another

60

eminence n

An elevated position with respect to rank, place, character, condition, etc

61

eminent adj

High in station, merit, or esteem

62

emit v

To send or give out

63

emphasis n

Any special impressiveness added to an utterance or act, or stress laid upon some word

64

emphasize v

To articulate or enunciate with special impressiveness upon a word, or a group of words

65

emphatic adj

Spoken with any special impressiveness laid upon an act, word, or set of words

66

employee n

One who works for wages or a salary

67

employer n

One who uses or engages the services of other persons for pay

68

emporium n

A bazaar or shop

69

empower v

To delegate authority to

70

emulate v

To imitate with intent to equal or surpass

71

enact v

To make into law, as by legislative act

72

enamor v

To inspire with ardent love

73

encamp v

To pitch tents for a resting-place

74

encomium n

A formal or discriminating expression of praise

75

encompass v

To encircle

76

encore n

The call for a repetition, as of some part of a play or performance

77

encourage v

To inspire with courage, hope, or strength of mind

78

encroach v

To invade partially or insidiously and appropriate the possessions of another

79

encumber v

To impede with obstacles

80

encyclical adj

Intended for general circulation

81

encyclopedia n

A work containing information on subjects, or exhaustive of one subject

82

endanger v

To expose to peril

83

endear v

To cause to be loved

84

endemic adj

Peculiar to some specified country or people

85

endue v

To endow with some quality, gift, or grace, usually spiritual

86

endurable adj

Tolerable

87

endurance n

The ability to suffer pain, distress, hardship, or stress of any kind without succumbing

88

energetic adj

Working vigorously

89

enervate v

To render ineffective or inoperative

90

enfeeble v

To debilitate

91

enfranchise v

To endow with a privilege, especially with the right to vote

92

engender v

To produce

93

engrave v

To cut or carve in or upon some surface

94

engross v

To occupy completely

95

enhance v

To intensify

96

enigma n

A riddle

97

enjoin v

To command

98

enkindle v

To set on fire

99

enlighten v

To cause to see clearly

100

enlist v

To enter voluntarily the military service by formal enrollment

101

enmity n

Hatred

102

ennoble v

To dignify

103

enormity n

Immensity

104

enormous adj

Gigantic

105

enrage v

To infuriate

106

enrapture v

To delight extravagantly or intensely

107

enshrine v

To keep sacred

108

ensnare v

To entrap

109

entail v

To involve; necessitate

110

entangle v

To involve in difficulties, confusion, or complications

111

enthrall v

To bring or hold under any overmastering influence

112

enthrone v

To invest with sovereign power

113

enthuse v

To yield to or display intense and rapturous feeling

114

enthusiastic adj

Full of zeal and fervor

115

entirety n

A complete thing

116

entomology n

The branch of zoology that treats of insects

117

entrails n

The internal parts of an animal

118

entreaty n

An earnest request

119

entree n

The act of entering

120

entrench v

To fortify or protect, as with a trench or ditch and wall

121

entwine v

To interweave

122

enumerate v

To name one by one

123

epic n

A poem celebrating in formal verse the mythical achievements of great personages, heroes, etc

124

epicure n

One who cultivates a delicate taste for eating and drinking

125

Epicurean adj

Indulging, ministering, or pertaining to daintiness of appetite

126

epicycle n

A circle that rolls upon the external or internal circumference of another circle

127

epicycloid n

A curve traced by a point on the circumference of a circle which rolls upon another circle

128

epidemic n

Wide-spread occurrence of a disease in a certain region

129

epidermis n

The outer skin

130

epigram n

A pithy phrasing of a shrewd observation

131

epilogue n

The close of a narrative or dramatic poem

132

epiphany n

Any appearance or bodily manifestation of a deity

133

episode n

An incident or story in a literary work, separable from yet growing out of it

134

epitaph n

An inscription on a tomb or monument in honor or in memory of the dead

135

epithet n

Word used adjectivally to describe some quality or attribute of is objects, as in "Father Aeneas"

136

epitome n

A simplified representation

137

epizootic adj

Prevailing among animals

138

epoch n

A interval of time, memorable for extraordinary events

139

epode n

A species of lyric poems

140

equalize v

To render uniform

141

equanimity n

Evenness of mind or temper

142

equestrian adj

Pertaining to horses or horsemanship

143

equilibrium n

A state of balance

144

equitable adj

Characterized by fairness

145

equity n

Fairness or impartiality

146

equivalent adj

Equal in value, force, meaning, or the like

147

equivocal adj

Ambiguous

148

equivocate v

To use words of double meaning

149

eradicate v

To destroy thoroughly

150

errant adj

Roving or wandering, as in search of adventure or opportunity for gallant deeds

151

erratic adj

Irregular

152

erroneous adj

Incorrect

153

erudite adj

Very-learned

154

erudition n

Extensive knowledge of literature, history, language, etc

155

eschew v

To keep clear of

156

espy v

To keep close watch

157

esquire n

A title of dignity, office, or courtesy

158

essence n

That which makes a thing to be what it is

159

esthetic adj

Pertaining to beauty, taste, or the fine arts

160

estimable adj

Worthy of respect

161

estrange v

To alienate

162

estuary n

A wide lower part of a tidal river

163

et cetera Latin

And so forth

164

eugenic adj

Relating to the development and improvement of race

165

eulogize v

To speak or write a laudation of a person's life or character

166

eulogy n

A spoken or written laudation of a person's life or character

167

euphemism n

A figure of speech by which a phrase less offensive is substituted

168

euphonious adj

Characterized by agreeableness of sound

169

euphony n

Agreeableness of sound

170

eureka Greek

I have found it

171

evade v

To avoid by artifice

172

evanesce v

To vanish gradually

173

evanescent adj

Fleeting

174

evangelical adj

Seeking the conversion of sinners

175

evangelist n

A preacher who goes from place to place holding services

176

evasion n

Escape

177

eventual adj

Ultimate

178

evert v

To turn inside out

179

evict v

To dispossess pursuant to judicial decree

180

evidential adj

Indicative

181

evince v

To make manifest or evident

182

evoke v

To call or summon forth

183

evolution n

Development or growth

184

evolve v

To unfold or expand

185

exacerbate v

To make more sharp, severe, or virulent

186

exaggerate v

To overstate

187

exasperate v

To excite great anger in

188

excavate v

To remove by digging or scooping out

189

exceed v

To go beyond, as in measure, quality, value, action, power, skill, etc

190

excel v

To be superior or distinguished

191

excellence n

Possession of eminently or unusually good qualities

192

excellency n

A title of honor bestowed upon various high officials

193

excellent adj

Possessing distinguished merit

194

excerpt n

An extract or selection from written or printed matter

195

excess n

That which passes the ordinary, proper, or required limit, measure, or experience

196

excitable adj

Nervously high-strung

197

excitation n

Intensified emotion or action

198

exclamation n

An abrupt or emphatic expression of thought or of feeling

199

exclude v

To shut out purposely or forcibly

200

exclusion n

Non-admission

201

excrescence n

Any unnatural addition, outgrowth, or development

202

excretion n

The getting rid of waste matter

203

excruciate v

To inflict severe pain or agony upon

204

excursion n

A journey

205

excusable adj

Justifiable

206

execrable adj

Abominable

207

execration n

An accursed thing

208

executor n

A person nominated by the will of another to execute the will

209

exegesis n

Biblical exposition or interpretation

210

exemplar n

A model, pattern, or original to be copied or imitated

211

exemplary adj

Fitted to serve as a model or example worthy of imitation

212

exemplify v

To show by example

213

exempt adj

Free, clear, or released, as from some liability, or restriction affecting others

214

exert v

To make an effort

215

exhale v

To breathe forth

216

exhaust v

To empty by draining off the contents

217

exhaustible adj

Causing or tending to cause exhaustion

218

exhaustion n

Deprivation of strength or energy

219

exhaustive adj

Thorough and complete in execution

220

exhilarate v

To fill with high or cheerful spirits

221

exhume v

To dig out of the earth (what has been buried)

222

exigency n

A critical period or condition

223

exigent adj

Urgent

224

existence n

Possession or continuance of being

225

exit n

A way or passage out

226

exodus n

A going forth or departure from a place or country, especially of many people

227

exonerate v

To relieve or vindicate from accusation, imputation, or blame

228

exorbitance n

Extravagance or enormity

229

exorbitant adj

Going beyond usual and proper limits

230

exorcise v

To cast or drive out by religious or magical means

231

exotic adj

Foreign

232

expand v

To increase in range or scope

233

expanse n

A continuous area or stretch

234

expansion n

Increase of amount, size, scope, or the like

235

expatriate v

To drive from one's own country

236

expect v

To look forward to as certain or probable

237

expectancy n

The act or state of looking forward to as certain or probable

238

expectorate v

To cough up and spit forth

239

expediency n

Fitness to meet the requirements of a particular case

240

expedient adj

Contributing to personal advantage

241

expedite v

To hasten the movement or progress of

242

expeditious adj

Speedy

243

expend v

To spend

244

expense n

The laying out or expending or money or other resources, as time or strength

245

expiate v

To make satisfaction or amends for

246

explicate v

To clear from involvement

247

explicit adj

Definite

248

explode v

To cause to burst in pieces by force from within

249

explosion n

A sudden and violent outbreak

250

explosive adj

Pertaining to a sudden and violent outbreak

251

exposition n

Formal presentation

252

expository adj

Pertaining to a formal presentation

253

expostulate v

To discuss

254

exposure n

An open situation or position in relation to the sun, elements, or points of the compass

255

expressive adj

Full of meaning

256

expulsion n

Forcible ejection

257

extant adj

Still existing and known

258

extemporaneous adj

Done or made without much or any preparation

259

extempore adv

Without studied or special preparation

260

extensible adj

Capable of being thrust out

261

extension n

A reaching or stretching out, as in space, time or scope

262

extensive adj

Extended widely in space, time, or scope

263

extensor n

A muscle that causes extension

264

extenuate v

To diminish the gravity or importance of

265

exterior n

That which is outside

266

external n

Anything relating or belonging to the outside

267

extinct adj

Being no longer in existence

268

extinguish v

To render extinct

269

extol v

To praise in the highest terms

270

extort v

To obtain by violence, threats, compulsion, or the subjection of another to some necessity

271

extortion n

The practice of obtaining by violence or compulsion

272

extradite v

To surrender the custody of

273

extradition n

The surrender by a government of a person accused of crime to the justice of another government

274

extrajudicial adj

Happening out of court

275

extraneous adj

Having no essential relation to a subject

276

extraordinary adj

Unusual

277

extravagance n

Undue expenditure of money

278

extravagant adj

Needlessly free or lavish in expenditure

279

extremist n

One who supports extreme measures or holds extreme views

280

extremity n

The utmost point, side, or border, or that farthest removed from a mean position

281

extricate v

Disentangle

282

extrude v

To drive out or away

283

exuberance n

Rich supply

284

exuberant adj

Marked by great plentifulness

285

fabricate v

To invent fancifully or falsely

286

fabulous adj

Incredible

287

facet n

One of the small triangular plane surfaces of a diamond or other gem

288

facetious adj

Amusing

289

facial adj

Pertaining to the face

290

facile adj

Not difficult to do

291

facilitate v

To make more easy

292

facility n

Ease

293

facsimile n

An exact copy or reproduction

294

faction n

A number of persons combined for a common purpose

295

factious adj

Turbulent

296

fallacious adj

Illogical

297

fallacy n

Any unsound or delusive mode of reasoning, or anything based on such reasoning

298

fallible adj

Capable of erring

299

fallow n

Land broken up and left to become mellow or to rest

300

famish v

To suffer extremity of hunger or thirst

301

fanatic n

A religious zealot

302

fancier n

One having a taste for or interest in special objects

303

fanciless adj

Unimaginative

304

fastidious adj

Hard to please

305

fathom n

A measure of length, 6 feet

306

fatuous adj

Idiotic

307

faulty adj

Imperfect

308

faun n

One of a class of deities of the woods and herds represented as half human, with goats feet

309

fawn n

A young deer

310

fealty n

Loyalty

311

feasible adj

That may be done, performed, or effected; practicable

312

federate v

To league together

313

feint n

Any sham, pretense, or deceptive movement

314

felicitate v

To wish joy or happiness to, especially in view of a coming event

315

felicity n

A state of well-founded happiness

316

felon n

A criminal or depraved person

317

felonious adj

Showing criminal or evil purpose

318

felony n

One of the highest class of offenses, and punishable with death or imprisonment

319

feminine adj

Characteristic of woman or womankind

320

fernery n

A place in which ferns are grown

321

ferocious adj

Of a wild, fierce, and savage nature

322

ferocity n

Savageness

323

fervent adj

Ardent in feeling

324

fervid adj

Intense

325

fervor n

Ardor or intensity of feeling

326

festal adj

Joyous

327

festive adj

Merry

328

fete n

A festival or feast

329

fetus n

The young in the womb or in the egg

330

feudal adj

Pertaining to the relation of lord and vassal

331

feudalism n

The feudal system

332

fez n

A brimless felt cap in the shape of a truncated cone, usually red with a black tassel

333

fiasco n

A complete or humiliating failure

334

fickle adj

Unduly changeable in feeling, judgment, or purpose

335

fictitious adj

Created or formed by the imagination

336

fidelity n

Loyalty

337

fiducial adj

Indicative of faith or trust

338

fief n

A landed estate held under feudal tenure

339

filibuster n

One who attempts to obstruct legislation

340

finale n

Concluding performance

341

finality n

The state or quality of being final or complete

342

finally adv

At last

343

financial adj

Monetary

344

financier n

One skilled in or occupied with financial affairs or operations

345

finery n

That which is used to decorate the person or dress

346

finesse n

Subtle contrivance used to gain a point

347

finite adj

Limited

348

fiscal adj

Pertaining to the treasury or public finances of a government

349

fishmonger n

One who sells fish

350

fissure n

A crack or crack-like depression

351

fitful adj

Spasmodic

352

fixture n

One who or that which is expected to remain permanently in its position

353

flag-officer n

The captain of a flag-ship

354

flagrant adj

Openly scandalous

355

flamboyant adj

Characterized by extravagance and in general by want of good taste

356

flatulence n

Accumulation of gas in the stomach and bowels

357

flection n

The act of bending

358

fledgling n

A young bird

359

flexible adj

Pliable

360

flimsy adj

Thin and weak

361

flippant adj

Having a light, pert, trifling disposition

362

floe n

A collection of tabular masses of floating polar ice

363

flora n

The aggregate of plants growing without cultivation in a district

364

floral adj

Pertaining to flowers

365

florid adj

Flushed with red

366

florist n

A dealer in flowers

367

fluctuate v

To pass backward and forward irregularly from one state or degree to another

368

fluctuation n

Frequent irregular change back and forth from one state or degree to another

369

flue n

A smoke-duct in a chimney

370

fluent adj

Having a ready or easy flow of words or ideas

371

fluential adj

Pertaining to streams

372

flux n

A state of constant movement, change, or renewal

373

foggy adj

Obscure

374

foible n

A personal weakness or failing

375

foist v

To palm off

376

foliage n

Any growth of leaves

377

folio n

A sheet of paper folded once, or of a size adapted to folding once

378

folk-lore n

The traditions, beliefs, and customs of the common people

379

fondle v

To handle tenderly and lovingly

380

foolery n

Folly

381

foot-note n

A note of explanation or comment at the foot of a page or column

382

foppery n

Dandyism

383

foppish adj

Characteristic of one who is unduly devoted to dress and the niceties of manners

384

forbearance n

Patient endurance or toleration of offenses

385

forby adv

Besides

386

forcible adj

Violent

387

forecourt n

A court opening directly from the street

388

forejudge v

To judge of before hearing evidence

389

forepeak n

The extreme forward part of a ship's hold, under the lowest deck

390

foreshore n

That part of a shore uncovered at low tide

391

forebode v

To be an omen or warning sign of, especially of evil

392

forecast v

To predict

393

forecastle n

That part of the upper deck of a ship forward of the after fore-shrouds

394

foreclose v

To bar by judicial proceedings the equitable right of a mortgagor to redeem property

395

forefather n

An ancestor

396

forego v

To deny oneself the pleasure or profit of

397

foreground n

That part of a landscape or picture situated or represented as nearest the spectator

398

forehead n

The upper part of the face, between the eyes and the hair

399

foreign adj

Belonging to, situated in, or derived from another country

400

foreigner n

A citizen of a foreign country

401

foreknowledge n

Prescience

402

foreman n

The head man

403

foreordain v

To predetermine

404

foreordination n

Predestination

405

forerun v

To go before as introducing or ushering in

406

foresail n

A square sail

407

foresee v

To discern beforehand

408

foresight n

Provision against harm or need

409

foretell v

To predict

410

forethought n

Premeditation

411

forfeit v

To lose possession of through failure to fulfill some obligation

412

forfend v

To ward off

413

forgery n

Counterfeiting

414

forgo v

To deny oneself

415

formation n

Relative disposition of parts

416

formidable adj

Difficult to accomplish

417

formula n

Fixed rule or set form

418

forswear v

To renounce upon oath

419

forte n

A strong point

420

forth adv

Into notice or view

421

forthright adv

With directness

422

fortify v

To provide with defensive works

423

fortitude n

Patient courage

424

foursome adj

Consisting of four

425

fracture n

A break

426

fragile adj

Easily broken

427

frailty n

Liability to be broken or destroyed

428

fragile adj

Capable of being broken

429

frankincense n

A gum or resin which on burning yields aromatic fumes

430

frantic adj

Frenzied

431

fraternal adj

Brotherly

432

fraudulence n

Deceitfulness

433

fraudulent adj

Counterfeit

434

fray v

To fret at the edge so as to loosen or break the threads

435

freemason n

A member of an ancient secret fraternity originally confined to skilled artisans

436

freethinker n

One who rejects authority or inspiration in religion

437

free trade n

Commerce unrestricted by tariff or customs

438

frequency n

The comparative number of any kind of occurrences within a given time or space

439

fresco n

The art of painting on a surface of plaster, particularly on walls and ceilings

440

freshness n

The state, quality, or degree of being fresh

441

fretful adj

Disposed to peevishness

442

frightful adj

Apt to induce terror or alarm

443

frigid adj

Lacking warmth

444

frigidarium n

A room kept at a low temperature for preserving fruits, meat, etc

445

frivolity n

A trifling act, thought, saying, or practice

446

frivolous adj

Trivial

447

frizz v

To give a crinkled, fluffy appearance to

448

frizzle v

To cause to crinkle or curl, as the hair

449

frolicsome adj

Prankish

450

frontier n

The part of a nation's territory that abuts upon another country

451

frowzy adj

Slovenly in appearance

452

frugal adj

Economical

453

fruition n

Fulfillment

454

fugacious adj

Fleeting

455

fulcrum n

The support on or against which a lever rests, or the point about which it turns

456

fulminate v

To cause to explode

457

fulsome adj

Offensive from excess of praise or commendation

458

fumigate v

To subject to the action of smoke or fumes, especially for disinfection

459

functionary n

An official

460

fundamental adj

Basal

461

fungible adj

That may be measured, counted, or weighed

462

fungous adj

Spongy

463

fungus n

A plant destitute of chlorophyll, as a mushroom

464

furbish v

To restore brightness or beauty to

465

furlong n

A measure, one-eighth of a mile

466

furlough n

A temporary absence of a soldier or sailor by permission of the commanding officer

467

furrier n

A dealer in or maker of fur goods

468

further adj

More distant or advanced

469

furtherance n

Advancement

470

furtive adj

Stealthy or sly, like the actions of a thief

471

fuse v

To unite or blend as by melting together

472

fusible adj

Capable of being melted by heat

473

futile adj

Of no avail or effect

474

futurist n

A person of expectant temperament

475

gauge n

An instrument for measuring

476

gaiety n

Festivity

477

gaily adv

Merrily

478

gait n

Carriage of the body in going

479

gallant adj

Possessing a brave or chivalrous spirit

480

galore adj

Abundant

481

galvanic adj

Pertaining or relating to electricity produced by chemical action

482

galvanism n

Current electricity, especially that arising from chemical action

483

galvanize v

To imbue with life or animation

484

gamble v

To risk money or other possession on an event, chance, or contingency

485

gambol n

Playful leaping or frisking

486

gamester n

A gambler

487

gamut n

The whole range or sequence

488

garnish v

In cookery, to surround with additions for embellishment

489

garrison n

The military force stationed in a fort, town, or other place for its defense

490

garrote v

To execute by strangling

491

garrulous adj

Given to constant trivial talking

492

gaseous adj

Light and unsubstantial

493

gastric adj

Of, pertaining to, or near the stomach

494

gastritis n

Inflammation of the stomach

495

gastronomy n

The art of preparing and serving appetizing food

496

gendarme n

In continental Europe, particularly in France, a uniformed and armed police officer

497

genealogy n

A list, in the order of succession, of ancestors and their descendants

498

genealogist n

A tracer of pedigrees

499

generality n

The principal portion

500

generalize v

To draw general inferences