English, 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in English, 5 Deck (99):
1

Inscrutable

not expressing anything clearly and thus hard to interpret

2

Extrude

to force or squeeze something out

3

Bilious

extremely unpleasant to look at

4

Jingoism

extreme patriotism expressing itself especially in hostility toward other countries

5

Largesse

the generous giving of gifts, money, or favors

6

Cronyism

special treatment and preference given to friends or colleagues, especially in politics

7

Inchoate

just beginning to develop; imperfectly formed

8

Vanguard

the leading position of a movement, field, or cultural trend, or the people who are foremost in a movement, field, or cultural trend

9

Cosset

to give somebody or something excessive care and protection

10

Excoriate

to severely criticize somebody or something

11

Plucky

showing courage and determination, especially in the face of danger

12

Ire

anger

13

Mire

1) an area of very marshy ground; 2) a troublesome or oppressive situation that is difficult to escape from

14

Warble

to sing with trills and often changing notes

15

Puerile

regarded as childishly silly or immature

16

Woolly

1) confused, vague, and lacking focus; 2) rough and boisterous and reminiscent of the old American West

17

Ombudsman

somebody responsible for investigating and resolving complaints from members of the public against an institution

18

Litany

a long and repetitious list of things such as complaints or problems

19

Incursion

a brief, hostile, and usually sudden invasion of somebody's territory

20

Grouse

to complain regularly and continually, often in a way that is not constructive

21

Plenum

a full or general assembly, e.g. of all the branches of a legislature

22

Lambast

to criticize somebody or something severely

23

Panache

a sense or display of spirited style and self-confidence

24

Din

a loud persistent noise, especially one composed of confused sounds

25

Schism

a major split within an established religious denomination, usually because of different beliefs

26

Vainglorious

excessively proud or boastful

27

Burnish

to polish metal until it shines

28

Rancor

a bitter, deeply held, and long-lasting ill will or resentment

29

Innocuous

not intended to cause offense or provoke a strong reaction and unlikely to do so

30

Bedevil

to be a continual source of problems or irritation to something or somebody

31

Luxuriate

1) to enjoy something in a self-indulgent way; 2) to grow vigorously and successfully

32

Inexorable

impossible to stop

33

Pallid

lacking color, spirit, or intensity

34

Forbear

to show patient and unruffled self-control and restraint under adversity

35

Imprimatur

formal and explicit approval

36

Stymie

to prevent progress

37

Stopgap

a temporary solution

38

Profusion

the property of being extremely abundant

39

Bevy

a large group

40

Potable

suitable for drinking because clean and uncontaminated

41

Plod

to work heavily or slowly

42

Credence

the mental attitude that something is believable and should be accepted as true

43

Formative

susceptible to alteration by development and experience

44

Purvey

to supply, especially food or provisions, usually as a business or service; to spread rumors

45

Morass

1) something that overwhelms, confuses, or impedes; 2) an area of soggy ground

46

Sleight

dexterity or skill in doing something

47

Putative

thought-to-be

48

Trenchant

1) direct, incisive, and deliberately hurtful; 2) clearly or sharply defined to the mind

49

Panoply

a complete and impressive array

50

Consilience

concurrence; coincidence

51

Fulminate

to criticize severely

52

Transduce

to change or convert

53

Cadaster

A public record, survey, or map of the value, extent, and ownership of land as a basis of taxation

54

Salient

particularly noticeable, striking, or relevant

55

Abstemious

not indulging in or characterized by excessive eating or drinking

56

Senescent

approaching an advanced age

57

Murine

relating to or belonging to the family of long-tailed rodents that includes rats and mice.

58

Doughty

brave and determined (archaic or humorous)

59

Wry

combining or expressing a mixture of mild amusement and irony

60

Segue

to make a smooth, almost imperceptible transition from one state, situation, or subject to another

61

Verisimilitude

the appearance of being true or real

62

Churlish

characteristic of somebody with bad manners

63

Garish

crudely showy

64

Diffident

lacking self-confidence and rather shy

65

Tractable

very easy to control or persuade

66

Skein

a length of yarn or thread wound loosely and coiled together

67

Filial

relating or appropriate to a child's relationship with, or feelings toward, his or her parents

68

Demur

to delay or try to avoid doing something because of personal reservations or objections

69

Besotted

made confused through affection for or attraction to somebody

70

Collate

1) to assemble pages in the correct order; 2) to bring together pieces of information and compare them in detail

71

Delusive

leading to a belief in something untrue or unreal

72

Lexical

relating to the individual words that make up the vocabulary of a language

73

Monolithic

massive, uniform in character, and slow to change

74

Atavistic

1) relating to or displaying the recurrence of a genetic feature that has been absent for several generations; 2) relating to or displaying the kind of behavior that seems to be a product of impulses long since suppressed by society's rules

75

Fatuous

showing a lack of intelligence or thought combined with complacency

76

Adulation

excessive flattery or admiration

77

Pestiferous

1) troublesome or annoying; 2) causing infectious disease; 3) evil and corrupting

78

Subsume

1) to include or incorporate something into a larger order, category, or classification; 2) to show that a rule applies to something

79

Pithy

brief, yet forceful and to the point, often with an element of wit

80

Denude

to strip somebody or something bare

81

Voluptuary

somebody whose life is devoted to enjoying luxury and the pleasures of the senses

82

Impinge

1) to affect the limits of something, especially a right or law, often causing some kind of restriction; 2) to strike or hit something

83

Bowdlerize

to remove parts of a work of literature that are considered indecent

84

Ineluctable

inescapable

85

Venial

easily forgiven or excused

86

Flout

to show contempt for a law or convention by openly disobeying or defying it

87

Enviable

likely to evoke feelings of envy

88

Aphorism

a succinct statement expressing an opinion or a general truth

89

Derogate

1) to deviate from conditions; 2) to make something seem inferior; 3) to criticize somebody or something; 4) to repeal a law partially

90

Welter

a state of confusion or chaos or a disorderly or chaotic situation

91

Disgorge

1) to let a large number of people come out of a building or vehicle at the same time; 2) to pour substances out

92

Mendacity

deliberate untruthfulness

93

Prodigal

spendthrift or extravagant to a degree bordering on recklessness

94

Transient

lasting for only a short time and quickly coming to an end, disappearing, or changing

95

Countenance

1) somebody's face, or the expression on it; 2) to support or approve something

96

Obsolescence

to become obsolete

97

Propitiate

to appease or conciliate somebody or something

98

Interdiction

a court order that prohibits something

99

Portend

to be an indication that something, especially something unpleasant, is going to happen