English, 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in English, 8 Deck (99):
1

Plenary

1) unqualified, absolute; 2) a meeting or session attended by all participants

2

Halcyon

denoting a period of time in the past that was idyllically happy and peaceful

3

Gasconade

extravagant boasting

4

Phlegmatic

having an unemotional and stolidly calm disposition

5

Pulchritude

beauty

6

Dolorous

feeling or expressing great sorrow or distress

7

Expedient

convenient and practical, although possibly improper or immoral

8

Onus

used to refer to something that is one’s duty or responsibility

9

Deleterious

causing harm or damage

10

Delectation

pleasure and delight

11

Farrago

a confused mixture

12

Sanguine

1) optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation; 2) blood-thirsty

13

Emollient

having the quality of softening or soothing the skin

14

Equivocal

open to more than once interpretation; ambiguous

15

Traduce

speak badly of or tell lies about (someone) so as to damage their reputation

16

Efflorescence

1) lose moisture and turn to a fine power upon exposure to the air; 2) reach an optimum stage of development; blossom

17

Nous

the mind or intellect

18

Watershed

an event marking a turning point

19

Imbibe

to drink alcohol

20

Broach

1) to raise a controversial subject for discussion; 2) to pierce a cask to draw liquor

21

Gourmandize

indulge in good eating; eat greedily

22

Animus

1) hostility or ill feeling; 2) motivation for doing something

23

Bonhomie

cheerful friendliness; geniality

24

Polyglot

knowing or using several languages

25

Firmament

1) the heavens or the sky, especially when regarded as a tangible thing; 2) a sphere or world viewed as a collection of people

26

Harrumph

1) to noisily clear one’s through; 2) grumpily express dissatisfaction or disapproval

27

Vitriol

cruel and bitter criticism

28

Arable

used or suitable for growing crops

29

Ancillary

providing necessary support to the primary activities or operation of an organization, institution, industry, or system

30

Demesne

1) land attached to a manor and retained for the owner’s own use; 2) Law

31

Repartee

conversation or speech characterized by quick, witty comments or replies

32

Saturnine

slow and gloomy

33

Amalgamate

combine or unite to form one organization or structure

34

Syncretic

the amalgamation or attempted amalgamation of different religions, cultures, or schools of thought

35

Scupper

a hole in a ship’s side to carry water overboard from the deck

36

Argot

the jargon or slang of a particular group or class

37

Scotch

1) decisively put an end to; 2) to wedge (something or someone) somewhere

38

Boffin

a person engaged in scientific or technical research

39

Tranche

a portion of something, especially money

40

Simulacrum

an image or representation of someone or something

41

Remit

1) cancel or refrain from exacting or inflicting (a debt or punishment); 2) send (money) in payment or as a gift

42

Chutzpah

shameless audacity; impudence

43

Extant

still in existence; surviving

44

Grandiloquent

pompous or extravagant in language, style, or manner, especially in a way that is intended to impress

45

Diptych

a painting, especially an altarpiece, on two hinged wooden panels that may be closed like a book

46

Raison d'être

the most important reason or purpose for someone or something’s existence

47

Bugbear

a cause of obsessive fear, irritation, or loathing

48

Torpor

a state of physical or mental inactivity; lethargy

49

Expostulate

express strong disapproval or disagreement

50

Visceral

relating to emotion rather than intellect

51

Indecorous

not in keeping with good taste and propriety; improper

52

Coppice

an area of woodland in which the trees or shrubs are, or formerly were, periodically cut back to ground level to stimulate growth and provide firewood or timber

53

Cupola

a small dome, especially a small dome on a drum on top of a larger dome, adorning a roof or ceiling

54

Buxom

(of a woman) plump, especially with large breasts

55

Fop

a man who is concerned with his clothes and appearance in an affected and excessive way; a dandy

56

Askance

(adv.) with an attitude or look of suspicion or disapproval

57

Treacle

1) British term for molasses; 2) cloying sentimentality or flattery

58

Tryst

a private, romantic rendezvous between lovers

59

Aegis

in Greek mythology, the shield of Zeus or Athena

60

Quango

autonomous government-financed organization

61

Sententious

full of aphorisms; overly moralizing

62

Blandish

to persuade somebody by flattery

63

Meretricious

falsely attractive; tawdry

64

Auger

to predict or look for omens

65

Penchant

inclination; leaning

66

Rarefy

to make less dense

67

Diaphanous

transparent; thin and delicate

68

Feint

a pretended attack; a deceiving move

69

Inure

hardened; habituated

70

Puissance

power

71

Recondite

obscure

72

Stygian

dark

73

Tout

to support

74

Caret

punctuation mark signifying omission

75

Contiguity

adjacent; touching

76

Hortatory

encouraging; exhorting

77

Recumbent

reclining; lying down

78

Encomium

praise

79

Minatory

threatening

80

Plumb

to measure the depth of

81

Runic

mysterious; magical

82

Sinecure

job which pays salary but requiring little effort

83

Anodize

to electroplate

84

Aphoristic

expressed tersely

85

Probity

uprightness; honesty

86

Raconteur

person who relates a story

87

Solicitous

kindly; expressing care and concern

88

Millinery

hats and hat-making

89

Natty

neat; dapper; smart

90

Maudlin

sad; sentimental; inclined to weep

91

Refulgent

glowing; radiant

92

Colander

bowl with holes used to drain vegetables

93

Froward

stubborn; disobedient

94

Untoward

unexpected

95

Demarcate

set the boundaries or limits of

96

Paean

a song of praise or triumph

97

Bailiwick

one’s sphere of operations or particular area of interest

98

Quotidian

of or occurring every day

99

Hierophant

a person, especially a priest in ancient Greece, who interprets sacred mysteries or esoteric principles