560C Vit and Min Flashcards Preview

Comp Exam Nov > 560C Vit and Min > Flashcards

Flashcards in 560C Vit and Min Deck (339)
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301

Involved in reverse cholesterol transport

HDL

302

B1

Thiamin

303

(B3)

Niacin

304

(B2)

Riboflavin

305

(B7)

Biotin

306

(B5)

Pantothenate

307

B4

Adenine

308

B6

pyridoxine

309

B12

cobalamin

310

Vitamin D2 present in some plants

ergocalciferol

311

Fully activated form of vitamin D

calcitriol

312

Vitamin D3 precursor present in skin

7-dehydrocholesterol

313

Vitamin D3 produced in the skin

Cholecalciferol

314

Most abundant form of vitamin D in the blood

calcidiol

315

Most abundant cation found in extracellular fluid

sodium

316

Most abundant cation found in intracellular fluid

potassium

317

Most abundant anion found in extracellular fluid

chloride

318

Increases relative to primary storage form when iron overload occurs

Hemosiderin

319

Primary storage form of iron

Ferritin

320

Oxygen transport in muscle

Myoglobin

321

Oxygen transport from lungs to tissues

Hemoglobin

322

Iron transport within the intestinal cell

Divalent Mineral Transporter 1

323

Iron transport in serum

Transferrin

324

what mineral?
- Deficiency impairs taste sensation
- Participates in more enzyme systems than any other trace mineral
- Absorption facilitated by picolinic acid

Zinc

325

what minerals?
- Absorption facilitated by citric acid
- Absorption dependent on gastric hydrochloric acid

Zn and Cu

326

what mineral?
- Mobilization of stores impaired by high iron intake
- Blood concentrations rise during infection
- Excessive accumulation in Wilson's disease
- Defective transport in Menkes syndrome

Copper

327

Name: the trace element resulting from over ingestion: Gout

Moylobdenum

328

Name: the trace element resulting from over ingestion: Mottled teeth

Fluoride

329

Name: the trace element resulting from over ingestion: Kidney stones

Silicon

330

Name: the trace element resulting from over ingestion: Green tongue

Vanadium