Flashcards in 5a. The Churches of Europe 1 Deck (21):
An agreement with the papacy that would guarantee both the needs of the Vatican and the desires of the government. Agreements with the papal office that make the church an official establishment.
Meetings that allowed lay preaching in Lutheran Norwegian Church. Happened during a Pietist revival led by Hauge. Anticlericalism allowed. It was akin to a parachurch missions movement.
Critique of Pure Reason
Kant, Immanuel. God is unknowable, so you can't prove he exists. Objective reality can only come through what the mind can experience. What is knowable must come only through what is experienced, tangible phenomena. That which lies beyond that experience cannot be proved. Therefore, the existence of God cannot be proved.
Hegel. A philosophical concept where one reality (thesis) meets another reality (anti-thesis) to make a new reality.
Kirkegaard. Questioned Christian conversion through baby baptism. Argued that if the child didn't know about the baptism, baptism didn't save them.
Das Kapital. He was a friend of Marx that finished the last two volumes after Marx died.
Developed the Hegelian Dialectic, where one reality (thesis) meets another reality (antithesis) to make a new reality.
Hauge, Hans N.
Led a Pietist revival in the Lutheran Norwegian Church. Conventicles were common in this revival.
Critique of Pure Reason. Objective reality can only come through what the mind can experience. What is knowable must come only through what is experienced, tangible phenomena. That which lies beyond that experience cannot be proved. Therefore, the existence of God cannot be proved.
Either/Or. Questioned Christian conversion through baby baptism. Argued that if the child didn't know about the baptism, baptism didn't save them. 122. Wrote against the "Romantic" German philosophers.
The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital. Applied Hegels Dialectic to social theory and came up with socialism. Marx's vision can be seen as evolutionary, with the struggle being the means by which progress is made.
Origin of the Species
Darwin, Charles. Argued for Natural Selection. The idea of social darwinism, or survival of the fittest, began to affect everything from philosophy, to science, to politics.
Anglican who founded the "Mildway Conference" to promote personal holiness and service to the Lord. 127
A movement within Lutherism that was started by Jakob Spener.
Founding father of the Social Gospel. Stressed a moral ethical life, and thought a lot about the Church and the Kingdom of God. 124.
According to this system, faith was understood to be irreducible to other experiences, beyond the scope of reason. Faith, he said, came not from facts but from value judgments.
"The Christian Faith". Argued that religion was a "feeling". He was a Romantic German philosopher. Those who practiced pure reason thought his arguments were too subjective.
"Pia Desideria", that brought Protestants into missions. Also believed seminarians should have a personal experience with Jesus, and not just know information. To me it sounds like a direct assault on Kant's argument that good lies outside what is knowable.
Used Social Darwinism to argue the development of scripture. He said that the Pentetauch was not written by Moses.
"Founder" of the methodists, but he was Anglican. Studied at Oxford, where he had a "Holy Club". He argued for scripture study, fasting and spiritual disciplines, and personal holiness. Also said that Christians could be perfectly holy. Like Philip Spener, he also stressed a personal experience with Jesus and didn't focus on dogmas or creeds. Again, are these guys challenging Kant?
Written by David Strauss. Argued for the historical evidence found in the bible. His work set the stage for the various Jesus "quests".