Flashcards in 4b. Migration and Immigration Deck (22):
What are the three walls that Robeck uses to describe how human beings try to keep people out? How do people on each side view the wall?
U.S. Border Wall
Wall in Jerusalem
According to the World Council of Churches, how many people are currently on the move?
Why are there so many refugees in Africa?
Because of colonialism. No one bothered to draw the lines of countries where they should've. Little attention was paid to tribal, ethnic, and religious concerns. And, colonialism created intense political competition for resources and set the stage for open battle to gain them.
In Asia, who is migrating?
Southern Asians from India and the Philippines who are looking for opportunity around the Pacific Rim.
Where is the biggest Buddhist temples in the world located?
What brings people from Latin American to the United States?
Economic opportunity, civil unrest, the financial collapse of their countries, war.
What has been the implication for the church of immigration from Latin America.
The huge growth of the Catholic and Pentecostal Churches in the Southwest.
There is currently a mass exodus of Christians out of the MIddle East. What are the implications?
Those places will be left with no Christian witness. But Muslims are also moving. There are more Muslims in mosques in England than there are Christians in churches.
What is new about the masses that are moving worldwide?
Nothing. We've seen this before. And, people have taken their religion with them. Just look at the Europeans and their migrations from 1492 on.
When people move, they bring their religion with them. How have we seen this before?
Dutch brought Reformed Church, Spanish and Portuguese brought Catholic Church, etc. In the United States, different countries of origin brought different brands of Protestants.
Early on, what was happening at racially integrated churches?
They had separate entrances, Whites were served communion and baptized first. Black sat in the back, or on the balcony
At a convention of Black Methodists, he was chosen as the Bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME). After the civil war many blacks left the Methodist Episcopal Church and joined AME.
Name two concerns White Christians had to Black Christians.
Polygamy and the reliance on private revelations.
The use of narrative, drums and rhythm, storytelling and testimony, call and response in black church. Often seen as syncretism by whites who don't understand the culture.
What are some forms of white syncretism?
Reason. The scientific method applied to theology. The belief that God only loves American, and that he is a Republican white male.
New religions that are a mix between indigenous religion and Christianity. Its what happens when syncretism is allowed. Voodoo, Santeria, Candomble and Umbanda.
What was the population of Christians in Iraq before the United States invaded in 2003 and what is it now?
800,000, and now it's 350,000.
What is the drop of Christians in Palestine?
From 20% to 2%. They are leaving because of economic opportunity, and because they are being pressured by Muslims.
Where is church growth happening around the world?
In independent Pentecostal churches from Latin America and Africa.
-In Germany, where Pentecostals are going to places where the Reformed church has been for centuries.
-This is also happening in the Netherlands.
Where is the largest church in Europe located?
Ukraine. It's a 25,000 member Pentecostal church.
When did Pentecostalism reach Europe?
In 1907, when a Norwegian pastor named Thoma Bell went back and started a revival in Norway.