7: Facial aesthetics Flashcards Preview

ENT Week 2 2017/18 > 7: Facial aesthetics > Flashcards

Flashcards in 7: Facial aesthetics Deck (25)
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1

Which vasculitis causes collapse of the nasal septum?

GWP (Wegener's)

2

What are the two general reasons for getting plastic surgery?

Cosmetic

Functional

3

In terms of aesthetic surgery, what "look" are you aiming for?

Symmetry

because everyone's idea of beauty is different

4

What is rhinoplasty?

Surgical reconstruction of the nose

5

What sort of process can destroy the cartilage of the nose?

Inflammatory processes

e.g vasculitis

6

What may cause naval deviation which is treatable by rhinoplasty?

Trauma

GWP

7

Why is the nasal septum more likely to be deviated to the right in trauma?

People are right handed so punch the nose laterally to the patient's right

8

What remnants of a facial operation must be hidden to make the patient satisfied?

Scarring

9

What is a mentoplasty?

Surgical reconstruction of the chin

10

What is otoplasty?

Surgical reconstruction of the auricles

11

What structures are found superficial to the muscles of facial expression?

Fat pads

Skin

12

What natural process causes a lot of facial changes which patients find unappealing?

Ageing

13

What is tried before surgery to improve the cosmetics of a patient's face?

Botulinum toxin (Botox)

Fillers

14

After Botox and fillers have been tried, how are the cosmetics of a patient's face improved?

Surgery

15

How does Botox work?

Injection of botulinum toxin into skeletal muscle

Temporary paralysis

Wrinkles apparently disappear

16

How long does Botox work for?

Around 6 months

17

Which cranial nerve is at risk in face lift surgery?

CN VII

leading to facial paralysis

18

What is surgical reconstruction of the eyelids called?

Blepharoplasty

19

What are the names given to surgical reconstruction of

a) the nose

b) chin

c) ears

d) eyelids?

a) Rhinoplasty

b) Mentoplasty

c) Otoplasty

d) Blepharoplasty

20

What is primary closure?

Closing a wound with sutures without any other intevention

good for clean, simple wounds

21

What is healing by secondary intention?

Allowing a wound to heal without the use of sutures

22

What is surgery called when it involves the use of skin from

a) other areas of the body

b) adjacent structures?

a) Skin graft

b) Skin flap

23

What is third intention healing?

Mixture of suturing and letting a wound healing naturally

Risk of infection

24

By which process do skin grafts close a wound?

Revascularisation

25

What needs to be preserved in cosmetic surgery?

Function