7.3 Somatosensory System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7.3 Somatosensory System Deck (28)
1

What is the direction information passes thought a neuron?

Dendrite - cell body - axon

2

What kinds of neurons are primary sensory, interneurons and motor neurons?

Primary sensory: unipolar or pseudounipolar
Interneurons: bipolar
Motor neurons: multipolar

3

How is the unipolar sensory neuron distributed?

the nerve endings with specalised sensory receptors, cell bodies in the peripheral ganglia and the central processes enter the CNS and synapse

4

How do we discriminate different information?

Receptor type, fibre type and pathways

5

What are the nerve endings in Glabrous skin?

Meissner (FA1/RA)
Pacinian (FA2/PC)
Merkel (SA1)
Ruffini (SA2)
Free nerve endings

6

What are the nerve endings in hairy skin?

Hair follicle afferents
Merkel (SA1)
Ruffini (SA2)
Free nerve endings

7

Where are the nerve endings located ?

Meissner, Merkel superficial
Pacinian and Rufini deep

8

Which receptors transmit fine touch information?

Meissner and Merkel

9

What type of receptor, where, what do they respond to and function - Meissner

FA1, glaborous skin and upper dermis, change in pressure, fine touch (texture and motion)

10

What type of receptor, where, what do they respond to and function - Pacinian

FA2, glaborous skin , deep dermis, changes in pressure, event detection, high frequency vibrations

11

What type of receptor, where, what do they respond to and function - Merkel

SA1, glaborous and hairy skin, upper dermis, pressure status, fine touch (shape/form of edges and points/dots)

2nd derivative discrimination

12

What type of receptor, where, what do they respond to and function - Ruffini

SA2, glaborous and hairy skin, lower dermis, skin stretch, proprioception

13

What type of receptor, where, what do they respond to and function - free nerve endings

galborous and hairy skin, upper dermis, mechanical, temperature, tissue damage, sensitisation

Function: noxious hot/cold, mechanical trauma, itch and chemical irritants

14

What influences the sensitivity of the skin?

type of receptor, numerical density and distribution

15

What are the proprioceptors and what is their respective function?

Golgi tendon organs (1b): sense tension (force of contraction or stretch); inhibits alpha motor neuron activity to reduce muscle tone

Muscle spindles (1a and IIa): sense stretch in the muscle length, results in activation of alpha motor neurons to initiate the jerk/myotatic reflexes

16

Where do sensory fibres have their cells bodies and where do they enter the spinal cord?

DRG
A central process that enters the spinal cord ini the dorsal horn

17

Where do large diameter fast conducting nerves send their information?

DORSAL COLUMNS

18

Where do small diameter, slow conducting fibres send their information?

Spinothalamic

19

Where does all sensory information pass through?

Thalamus

20

What information does the Ventral posterolateal thalamus receive?

Afferents from the entire body

21

What information does the VPM region of the thalamus recurve

Information from the face via the trigeminal

22

What does the anterior group of the thalamus do?

Attention and learning

23

What does the medial thalamus do?

Planning and active memory

24

What are the inputs and outputs to the VPL

In - medial lemniscus and spinothalamic tract (spinal nerves from limbs and trunk)
Out - somatosensory cortex

25

What are the inputs and outputs for the VPM

In - medial lemniscus and trigeminal system (face, ocular surface, tongue, oral cavity and masa, cavity)
Out - somatosensory

26

What information travels where in the dorsal column system?

Gracile from lower body
Cuneate from upper

27

Where does information from the dorsal column system go?

Comes in the medulla, form and accurate course to the medial lemniscus on contra lateral side, ascend through brainstem and end up on the VPL before projecting to the primary somatosensory cortex

28

What are broad and areas of the primary somatosensory cortex?

1: cutaneous (FA1 and 2)
2: deep receptors from muscles/joints/some cutaneous
3a: mainly muscle spindles
3b: mainly cutaneous (RA1 and SA1)